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# QOTD: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India

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QOTD: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2018, 15:30
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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 274: Sentence Correction

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Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.

(A) empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or

(B) empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

(C) empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or

(D) empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

(E) empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

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QOTD: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2018, 15:54
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souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 274: Sentence Correction

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Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.

(A) empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or - Incorrect

(B) empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from - Incorrect

(C) empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or - Incorrect

(D) empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from - Incorrect

(E) empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from - Correct. SVA. Idiom usage.

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QOTD: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 01 May 2018, 07:06
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souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 274: Sentence Correction

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Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.

(A) empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or

(B) empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

(C) empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or

(D) empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

(E) empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

Analysis : The modifier fashioned is erroneously modifying the previous noun Kushan empire - It seems to state a illogical meaning that KE was fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist. Where as the intended meaning is somewhat :

Many of the earliest known in India
-------------------1) date from the time of the Kushan empire
-------------------2) fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.

so both of them are saying something about images of Hindu deities

Option A: Incorrect : As pointed out in analysis.

Option B: Incorrect : Similar issue as in A.

Option C: Incorrect : 1. Same issue as in A.
-------------------------2. Not following the std form idiom Either X or Y (where X ll Y) - here Either X(verb) or Y( noun) (where X notll Y)

Option D: Incorrect : Similar issue as in c(2). Not following the std form idiom Either X or Y (where X ll Y) - here Either X(verb) or Y( noun) (where X notll Y)

Option E: Correct :
--------------------1. Both the information about images of Hindu deities are connected properly by and.
--------------------2. date logically ll were fashioned - both of them being illustrative information about the subject.
--------------------3. Correctly follows the std form idiom Either X (the spotted sandstone of Mathura) or Y (Gandharan grey schist) (where X(noun) ll Y(noun)
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Originally posted by u1983 on 29 Apr 2018, 16:09.
Last edited by u1983 on 01 May 2018, 07:06, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: QOTD: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India  [#permalink]

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01 May 2018, 05:54
+1 for option E. The question tests us on meaning, modifiers, parallelism , and idioms. Option E it is !!
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Re: QOTD: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India  [#permalink]

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02 May 2018, 08:16
+1 for E.
either...or parallel structure is maintained in E.

souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 274: Sentence Correction

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Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.

(A) empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or

(B) empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

(C) empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or

(D) empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

(E) empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

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Re: QOTD: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India  [#permalink]

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03 May 2018, 19:40
This isn’t exactly the hardest or sexiest GMAT SC question, but it covers a nice, mechanical bit of parallelism that the GMAT seems to love. Whenever you see an either/or construction, the thing that follows “either” and the thing that follows “or” need to be parallel to each other. In other words, both need to be verbs, or prepositions, or modifiers, or whatever.

With that in mind…

Quote:
(A) empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or

(A) gives us: “… fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.” That’s definitely not parallel: “from” is a preposition, and “Ganharan grey schist” is a noun. Not cool.

(A) is out.

Quote:
(B) empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

(B) just rearranges the error in (A): “… fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from Gandharan grey schist.” That’s still not parallel: “the spotted sandstone” is a noun, and “from” is a preposition. Still not cool.

(B) is out, too.

Quote:
(C) empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or

(C) gives us: “… either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.” That’s still not parallel: “fashioned” is an adjective, and “Gandharan grey schist” is a noun. And that’s not cool, either.

(And if you’re not sure that “fashioned” is an adjective, check out this article on the GMAT’s uses of “-ed” words.)

Anyway, we can eliminate (C).

Quote:
(D) empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

The hits keep coming: “… either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from Gandharan grey schist.” That’s still not parallel: “fashioned” is still an adjective, and “from” is still a preposition. And that’s yet again not cool.

I’m also not sure that the parallelism works quite right around the word “and”, either. After the “and”, we have “either fashioned from…” – and I can’t find anything earlier in the sentence that's parallel to "either fashioned from".

But to be honest, you don’t really have to worry about that. The “either/or” problem gives you an easy excuse to eliminate (D).

And I hope we like (E)…

Quote:
(E) empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

The either/or thing looks OK: “either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from Gandharan grey schist.” Nice.

The parallelism earlier in the sentence is fine now, too: “Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan empire and were fashioned from…” Hey, that works, too. The images date from the time of the Kushan empire, and they also were fashioned from sandstone and schist.

So (E) is the best answer.
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Re: QOTD: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2018, 08:30
GMATNinja wrote:
This isn’t exactly the hardest or sexiest GMAT SC question, but it covers a nice, mechanical bit of parallelism that the GMAT seems to love. Whenever you see an either/or construction, the thing that follows “either” and the thing that follows “or” need to be parallel to each other. In other words, both need to be verbs, or prepositions, or modifiers, or whatever.

With that in mind…

Quote:
(A) empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or

(A) gives us: “… fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.” That’s definitely not parallel: “from” is a preposition, and “Ganharan grey schist” is a noun. Not cool.

(A) is out.

Quote:
(B) empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

(B) just rearranges the error in (A): “… fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from Gandharan grey schist.” That’s still not parallel: “the spotted sandstone” is a noun, and “from” is a preposition. Still not cool.

(B) is out, too.

Quote:
(C) empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or

(C) gives us: “… either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.” That’s still not parallel: “fashioned” is an adjective, and “Gandharan grey schist” is a noun. And that’s not cool, either.

(And if you’re not sure that “fashioned” is an adjective, check out this article on the GMAT’s uses of “-ed” words.)

Anyway, we can eliminate (C).

Quote:
(D) empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

The hits keep coming: “… either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from Gandharan grey schist.” That’s still not parallel: “fashioned” is still an adjective, and “from” is still a preposition. And that’s yet again not cool.

I’m also not sure that the parallelism works quite right around the word “and”, either. After the “and”, we have “either fashioned from…” – and I can’t find anything earlier in the sentence that's parallel to "either fashioned from".

But to be honest, you don’t really have to worry about that. The “either/or” problem gives you an easy excuse to eliminate (D).

And I hope we like (E)…

Quote:
(E) empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

The either/or thing looks OK: “either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from Gandharan grey schist.” Nice.

The parallelism earlier in the sentence is fine now, too: “Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan empire and were fashioned from…” Hey, that works, too. The images date from the time of the Kushan empire, and they also were fashioned from sandstone and schist.

So (E) is the best answer.

Hi GMATNinja
Option E is the most parallel structure and I agree with your answer completely . I have a doubt regarding the tense of the sentence . As the sentence runs in Past , Shouldn't it be Many of the ...... in India dated in place of date
I know it is in the non-underlined section but still I found something wrong in it
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Re: QOTD: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India  [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2018, 02:49
daagh GMATNinjaTwo hazelnut
What is the verb in the main clause, is it date ?
Why it is in present tense ?
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QOTD: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India  [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2018, 08:58
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Why should it not be in the present tense 'date' when even today the images are existent? Secondly, what does it matter to us when it is not underlined?
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QOTD: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India &nbs [#permalink] 01 Aug 2018, 08:58
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