GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Aug 2018, 19:53

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

MBA Section Director
User avatar
V
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 5121
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Oct 2017, 15:52
3
26
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (01:02) correct 34% (01:07) wrong based on 924 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 128: Sentence Correction


Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS
For All QOTD Questions Click Here


The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.

(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly

(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved

(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly

(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved

(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but they were slowly evolved

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

_________________

Have an MBA application Question? ASK ME ANYTHING!

My Stuff: Four Years to 760 | MBA Trends for Indian Applicants

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
Veritas Prep Live Online

Most Helpful Expert Reply
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1909
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Oct 2017, 15:53
6
1
7
Quote:
(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly

Hopefully, the “not… but” construction absolutely leaps off the page at you whenever you see it. It’s often treated as an idiom in GMAT test-prep books, but I think that’s a mistake: think of “not… but” phrases as strict demands for parallelism. Basically, the word “not” and the word “but” need to be followed by the same parts of speech (nouns, verbs, prepositions, modifiers, etc.) or else the sentence is wrong. (The same, of course, is true of “not only” and “but also”: whatever follows those two phrases need to be parallel to each other.)

And in this case, we have “not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly.” “Not” is followed by a prepositional phrase, and “but” is followed by a verb. That’s unambiguously wrong, so (A) is gone.

Quote:
(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved

(B) has almost exactly the same error as (A): “not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved.” “Not” is followed by a preposition, “but” is still followed by a verb. That’s still wrong. (B) is out.

Quote:
(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly

This one seems to work! “Did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly…” Cool, the “not” and “but” are both followed by verbs, and they’re both in the past tense. That makes sense: they both happened in the past, and there’s no reason why those two actions should be in different tenses. We can keep (C).

Quote:
(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved

Now we get into some subtle stuff about verb tense and meaning. (And we did a whole YouTube webinar on verb tense and meaning, so check this out if you’re interested: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fxANHcxwbeM.) The past perfect tense (“had slowly evolved”) only makes sense if it describes an action that happened in the distant past, before some other “time marker” – usually a later action in simple past tense.

Superficially, we’re OK here: “had slowly evolved” is accompanied by the simple past action “did not spring to life.” But wait: the timeline is nonsense. This is literally saying that Edison’s inventions first “had evolved slowly” and THEN they “did not spring to life.” Huh? It makes much more sense to just use the simple past for both actions here.

So (D) can be eliminated.


Quote:
(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but they were slowly evolved

And now we’re back to a nice, straightforward parallelism error: “not” is followed by the verb “spring”, while the “but” is followed by “they were slowly evolved” – a clause that begins with a noun. Those things aren’t parallel, so (E) is gone, and (D) is our answer.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

General Discussion
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 05 Oct 2014
Posts: 60
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT 1: 580 Q41 V28
GPA: 3.8
WE: Project Management (Energy and Utilities)
QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Oct 2017, 20:37
The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.

(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly

(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but wereslowly evolved

(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly [Perfect]

(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved

(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but they were slowly evolved

Option-C is the right answer.
BSchool Forum Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 1104
Location: India
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
GPA: 4
CAT Tests
Re: QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Oct 2017, 14:13
The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.

(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
--Sprang to life is wrongly used
(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved
--Sprang to life is wrongly used
(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
--Correct

(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved
--Perfect tense wrongly used
(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but they were slowly evolved
--"they were" is not required.
_________________

Kudos if my post helps!

Long And A Fruitful Journey - V21 to V41; If I can, So Can You!!


Preparing for RC my way


My study resources:
1. Useful Formulae, Concepts and Tricks-Quant
2. e-GMAT's ALL SC Compilation
3. LSAT RC compilation
4. Actual LSAT CR collection by Broal
5. QOTD RC (Carcass)
6. Challange OG RC
7. GMAT Prep Challenge RC

Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 13 Jun 2012
Posts: 179
Location: United States
WE: Supply Chain Management (Computer Hardware)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Oct 2017, 15:55
A is wrong because its not parallel
not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly..IN is missing after but, hence wrong.

In C we have
did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly. Parallel and the correct answer.
Director
Director
User avatar
S
Joined: 08 Jun 2015
Posts: 529
Location: India
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V29
GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Oct 2017, 00:06
This question tests you on modifiers. The answer must be option C. My take :

Meaning - The author wishes to convey that voluminous papers of Edison reveal that his inventions did not happen in a jiffy but evolved slowly.

Error analysis - Modifier "typically" is wrongly used here. This adverb has to modify the fact that inventions did not spring to life immediately.But evolved slowly. typically must be followed by "did not ...".

POE :

Option A - Out because of reason mentioned above
Option B - -do-
Option C - Hold
Option D - Hold
Option E - the part after but is wrong .. It is passive form and conveys an idea that ideas were evolved by someone. Fact is that ideas evolved slowly and not that someone was evolving them slowly.

D vs C - Use had had in D is wrong. There are no two events here in the clause after "but".

Hence option C wins.
_________________

" The few , the fearless "

Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Status: Aiming MBA!!
Joined: 19 Aug 2017
Posts: 137
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V25
GPA: 3.75
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
Reviews Badge
Re: QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Oct 2017, 06:39
1
The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva Edison reveal that his inventions typically sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly from previous works.

Not X But Y is the correct idiomatic usage where X and Y should be parallel.

(A) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
Here, not is followed by a prepositional phrase and but is followed by a verb.

(B) sprang to life not in a flash of inspiration but were slowly evolved
similar error as in option A.

(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
Correct.

(D) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but had slowly evolved
The use of Past Perfect Tense is incorrect here. It implies that the inventions of Thomas Alva Edison evolved slowly at some point of time in the past and then they stopped evolving sometime in the past. This is not the intended meaning. Also there is no simple past tense action linked to the usage of double past action. So, incorrect.

(E) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but they were slowly evolved
not is followed by a verb and but is followed by a complete clause.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: IF YOU CAN DREAM IT, YOU CAN DO IT
Joined: 03 Jul 2017
Posts: 209
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, International Business
Re: QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Nov 2017, 17:41
Also the verb reveal is in present tense, So you cannot use the past spang. Therefore A and B is out. Now D and E doesn't maintain parallelism.So C is the correct answer. Kindly let me now if my elimination method is correct. Thank you
Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 21 Jul 2015
Posts: 182
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V38
Reviews Badge
Re: QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Feb 2018, 20:01
GMATNinja wrote:

(C) did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly
This one seems to work! “Did not spring to life in a flash of inspiration but evolved slowly…” Cool, the “not” and “but” are both followed by verbs, and they’re both in the past tense. That makes sense: they both happened in the past, and there’s no reason why those two actions should be in different tenses. We can keep (C).

Hi GMATNinja,

Quick question - in this choice "did" must be treated as non parallel part and make sense with both 'Not spring' and 'but evolved slowly'. Since "did" can't be used with "evolved slowly", doesn't it affect the parallelism?

Thank you!
_________________

Please take a moment to hit Kudos if my post helps.

Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 03 Oct 2012
Posts: 40
Location: India
WE: Brand Management (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
CAT Tests
Re: QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Feb 2018, 04:54
Understanding the intended meaning provides good approach to find the best answer.
A & B can be eliminated as use of simple past in "sprang" would mean that if someone reads those papers today, the inventions would no more spring to life.
D can be eliminated for the use of had which unnecessary creates sequencing & puts the act of evolution before springing to life when it is not required.
E can be eliminated for use of they. Not sure if they refers to papers or inventions.
C is the best answer.
Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 20 Feb 2017
Posts: 139
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
WE: Engineering (Other)
Re: QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Mar 2018, 20:11
I think spring to life is an idiom , hence correct .
Spring and evolved are parallel because they are verb in the construction Not X but Y.
I am not sure about the tense part . i.e spring is in past form .
_________________

If you feel the post helped you then do send me the kudos (damn theya re more valuable than $)

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 07 Jan 2018
Posts: 14
Re: QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Apr 2018, 20:01
1
I was wrong in choosing D. According to GMATNinja, the explanation in the thread makes more sense from the perspective of meaning and logic!

Quote:
Superficially, we’re OK here: “had slowly evolved” is accompanied by the simple past action “did not spring to life.” But wait: the timeline is nonsense. This is literally saying that Edison’s inventions first “had evolved slowly” and THEN they “did not spring to life.” Huh? It makes much more sense to just use the simple past for both actions here.


Many thanks!
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 06 Feb 2018
Posts: 7
Re: QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2018, 01:31
Hi, I understand that there is a need for parallelism but I do not understand how some inventions can 'evolve slowly' by themselves? I thought evolve is like animals evolving but inventions are not creatures, they need to be created and improved on by someone else? Am I misunderstanding something?

Thanks!
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4526
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2018, 02:33
Top Contributor
@Ywp

'Evolve' simply means to transform for better either by itself or by somebody's effort. So many inanimate things evolve. For example, we say the volcanoes have evolved slowly over time. However, did anyone evolve them? They evolved by themselves.

How do inventions evolve by themselves? When the field is ripe with a lot of designs, the prior inventions open up a ready synergy for many inventors to create more and unique devices. That is the reason that we have so many new inventions springing up especially in scientific fields. This subtle momentum is the evolution of inventions.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Re: QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva &nbs [#permalink] 07 Jul 2018, 02:33
Display posts from previous: Sort by

QOTD: The voluminous personal papers of Thomas Alva

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.