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Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed

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Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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A
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D
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Question Stats:

19% (02:43) correct 81% (02:10) wrong based on 4617 sessions

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Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease.
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty.
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes.
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.

Source: Manhattan GMAT CAT test
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease. - good hospitals has nothing to do with infection rate. Seems to weaken the argument
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. - Weakens
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty. - Not all europeans. Weakens.
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes. - Does not support Officials argument
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way. - Weaken

I don't agree with the OA.
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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Premise 1 - Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized nation without a national vaccine laboratory
Conclusion 1 - the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu.
Premise 2 - the official cited the generally long life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home countries.
Conclusion 2 - these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability

We need to find the weakness in the official’s argument i.e. “these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability”

A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease. (This weakens the argument as the official has mention high quality hospital as a counter argument for infectious disease)
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. (This weakens the argument)
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy males over the age of fifty. (This weakens the argument as the population is not representative of Europe)
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by deaths due to all other causes. (This option does not affect the argument and is thus our answer)
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way. (This also weakens the conclusion)

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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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Although I got this question wrong - After analysis, I am convinced that 'A' is the correct answer. Basically, we need to be sure what this question is asking us to look at in the answer options - It needs us to find the weaknesses in the argument , What i understood by the weakness is - that argument might be assuming something wrongly because of which it falls apart. For instance - in this argument, Officials have mentioned that the Critics are disloyal and thus wrong about public vulnerability. This point is weak - look at answer option no b, "Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong". Weakness of an argument is an underlying assumption that the argument makes. Here officials assume that the critics were disloyal without providing any proof of their disloyality - were there findings about public vulnerability wrong ? May be yes may be no - but officials dont know that for sure.


Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries. All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:
A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease. Correct - The high quality of hospitals is not the focus , rather the focus is the Europeans (narrow sample though) undergoing treatment in US hospitals.
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. - Weakness , explained above in detail
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty. - Clear weakness
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes. - Official support his claim that critics are disloyal and wrong about vulnerability by citing generally long life span of people in US. Wait a minute, we are concerned about public vulnerability to the infectious disease. Weakness in the argument is that it wrongly compares general life span with life span of people with infectious disease.
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way. - Clear Weakness


Press +1 Kudos if you like my explanation
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2013, 01:54
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:
• The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease.
• Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
• The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of
wealthy males over the age of fifty.
• The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by
deaths due to all other causes.
• Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other
advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.

Last edited by StrivingTurtle on 02 Mar 2013, 02:10, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2014, 18:58
"Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals" after that phrase follows " he ADDED that all of the Europeans". So one of the author's arguments is the high quality of American hospitals. Answer "A" obviously weakens one premise of the argument. A can't be the answer.

On the other hand, some people is arguing that public health doesn't have any realtionship with hospital's quality, but to arrive to that conclusion (relationship) we need too much outside information.This C.R. is not a GMAT question.
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#Top150 CR - Recently some critics of the U.S. government [#permalink]

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Recently, some critics of the U.S. pointed that country is the only advanced industrialized nation without a national vaccine laboratory and this lack makes the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu.

A government official said these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability.

To support his claim, the official cited the generally long life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations.

Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty.(if the sample cited by official is not proper and even, then his claim gets weakened)

D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes.
(The official cited the generally long life span to indicate the better health, less infectious diseases among public.
But if avg life span indicates a lot of causes and deaths and deaths due to infectious diseases is only a factor of all those causes, then the sample he chose to support his claim is not sufficiently enough. so his claim weakens)


E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.(This is the major flaw in official argument.)

narrowed the choices to A and B, I got stuck between choices A and B.

A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease.
(The author mentioned high quality of hospitals to show that they are so good that UK citizens come for their treatment and such fantastic treatment is available to locals as well
and
it is not true that without a national vaccine laboratory makes the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu.

It is possible that people are vulnerable since there is no vaccine lab(Assuming the US do not import vaccines from other countries for infectious diseases) and reach to hospital for a good treatment after they are infected(good enough since it attracts foreign patients). Official said that good hospitals are available for treatment but did not say that they effect or reduce public's vulnerability to infectious disease.
So this statement cannot make official statement fall apart or weaken.)


B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
(officer says since critics are disloyal, they are wrong
but
if the critics disloyalty cannot influence or effect their statement truth
then his statement cannot be true.)


Am I correct in my analysis regarding all options and especially A and B.
mikemcgarry or DmitryFarber or any expert?(fingers crossed :| )
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2015, 13:21
OA - A , can not get it, but all rest are easily eliminated ( I eliminated all 5 )
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Re: CR Revision: Recently some critics of the U.S. government have [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2016, 04:19
Dear,
i pick E as answer.
A, is weaken the reasoning chains
B is strange but B supports the critics.
C,D, means that argument has sample problems.
E is out of scope.

Correct me if i am wrong.
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Re: CR Revision: Recently some critics of the U.S. government have [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2016, 11:31
There are more than 4 topics about this question here at GmatClub and MGMAT said that is flawaled... I dont know why create a new topic...

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t1089.html


souvik101990 wrote:
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

A. The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease.

B. Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.

C. The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy males over the age of fifty.

D. The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by deaths due to all other causes.

E. Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.
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Re: #Top150 CR - Recently some critics of the U.S. government [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2016, 14:27
indeed one of the toughest questions in cr i have ever seen
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Re: #Top150 CR - Recently some critics of the U.S. government [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2016, 13:54
Hmm this one is indeed a tricky one, I came up with D

D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes.

missed the important part of the argument "To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations."

though, still think that this might strengthen the officials argument, as he said that mortality rate is low as compared to other nations (and with D it says , mortality rate include other reasons including infectious disease, then its - "mortality rate via infectious disease" is still lower.)
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Re: CR Revision: Recently some critics of the U.S. government have [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2016, 09:25
Is it really a question from GMAT Prep??
I see it appeared on the MGMAT CATs and later was removed as it was 'flawed in several ways'.

I personally am not convinced with the answer and would be really worried if someone can confirm that it was actually from GMAT Prep .
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2016, 09:13
Thinking enough but still can't reach conclusion why a is the answer, seriously needing the expert help.
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2016, 09:41
rezaulnsu wrote:
Thinking enough but still can't reach conclusion why a is the answer, seriously needing the expert help.


read my earlier post .. Don't waste your time on this questions,

As per information available on the following site,this CR has a flaw in it and has been pulled off for rehab by Question source.

read this >> https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t1089.html
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2016, 11:48
God !! that is why I am so reluctant in trying questions that are not from OG :( . I exhausted all my GMAT prep material and questions on GMAT club so I thought to give other sources a chance . First question I tried and it was flawed :( and I wasted good 15 min on this one.

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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2016, 08:09
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations.Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

Answer should be A, because Official mentions about the high quality of American Hospitals, which is not in sync with what the critics talk about.
Critics talk about the vulnerability due to lack of vaccine Laboratory. On the basis of critics statement, the official's statement should make sense.
"Vaccine laboratory is totally different from American Hospitals."
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2016, 12:30
Anuja25 wrote:
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations.Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

Answer should be A, because Official mentions about the high quality of American Hospitals, which is not in sync with what the critics talk about.
Critics talk about the vulnerability due to lack of vaccine Laboratory. On the basis of critics statement, the official's statement should make sense.
"Vaccine laboratory is totally different from American Hospitals."


In that case, the official's argument is not a valid one, and hence option A also points out a weakness in the official's argument.

It has already been pointed out in the thread that this question is flawed:
recently-some-critics-of-the-u-s-government-have-pointed-139714.html#p1126116
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2016, 19:58
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease.
The GO uses 'the high quality of hospitals' as one of his points but this option here denies the links between high quality of hospitals and public’s vulnerability to infectious disease. [Weakens]
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
The 'quality' of the critics, a factor which the GO used to support his claim, has been delinked with whether or not the critics are wrong. [Weakens]
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty.
Definitely weakens.
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes.
It might be possible that because of the infectious diseases, the life span is quite low but as the other death causes are brought it, the figure goes up. [Weakens]
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.
Yes, the sample space might be different. [Weakens]

For a rookie like me, it's hard when all the options appear incorrect :( so I randomly chose D. But later I learned that the question itself is Wrong :!: :-D
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2017, 07:59
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

• The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease.
• Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
• The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty.
• The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes.
• Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.
Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed   [#permalink] 31 Jan 2017, 07:59

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