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Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed

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Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease.
Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.

The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy males over the age of fifty.

The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by deaths due to all other causes.

Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: CR: Ameica Public/Hospitals (good CR) [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2008, 23:11
B for me. All the others undermine the official's argument.

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Re: CR: Ameica Public/Hospitals (good CR) [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2008, 23:27
This seems to be analogy question.
Option A can be directly from argument which will undermine the govt official claims

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Re: CR: Ameica Public/Hospitals (good CR) [#permalink]

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Re: CR: Ameica Public/Hospitals (good CR) [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2008, 20:29
x97agarwal wrote:
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease. -> this weakens

Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. -> this weakens the officials claim that critics are wrong

The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy males over the age of fifty. -> weakens since not a valid evidence given by him

The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by deaths due to all other causes. -> weakens other causes do play a roile so cannot be stated as evidence for this scenario

Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way. -> this is actually an irrelevant point here hence does not weaken the official argument.this is general statement


IMO E
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Re: CR: Ameica Public/Hospitals (good CR) [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2008, 20:31
spriya wrote:
x97agarwal wrote:
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease. -> this weakens

Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. -> this weakens the officials claim that critics are wrong

The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy males over the age of fifty. -> weakens since not a valid evidence given by him

The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by deaths due to all other causes. -> weakens other causes do play a roile so cannot be stated as evidence for this scenario

Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way. -> this is actually an irrelevant point here hence does not weaken the official argument.this is general statement


IMO E

Kindly post in the OA
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Re: CR: Ameica Public/Hospitals (good CR) [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2008, 07:35
Ans - A

Good Quality of Hospital only comes in play at the time of treatment. It wont minimize the vulnerability to infectious diseases,

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Re: CR: Ameica Public/Hospitals (good CR) [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2008, 08:19
OA is A

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Re: CR: Ameica Public/Hospitals (good CR) [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2008, 10:40
humtum0 wrote:
Ans - A

Good Quality of Hospital only comes in play at the time of treatment. It wont minimize the vulnerability to infectious diseases,

Agreed !!i overlooked the vulnerability of infection
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Re: CR: Ameica Public/Hospitals (good CR) [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2010, 06:20
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Guys,
How A can be the OA?

We have to find a choice which does not weaken the official's claim while choice A says that-high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the
public’s vulnerability to infectious disease.

If I go with the official claim then it says high quality of hospitals reduces the vulnerability. So, to weaken this - we can say high quality of hospitals is not necessary minimizing the public's vulnerablity. Thus, it does weaken the claim by the official.

Please provide some more details.
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Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease.
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty.
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes.
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.

Source: Manhattan GMAT CAT test

Last edited by mikemcgarry on 15 Mar 2017, 11:25, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease. - good hospitals has nothing to do with infection rate. Seems to weaken the argument
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. - Weakens
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty. - Not all europeans. Weakens.
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes. - Does not support Officials argument
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way. - Weaken

I don't agree with the OA.

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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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Premise 1 - Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized nation without a national vaccine laboratory
Conclusion 1 - the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu.
Premise 2 - the official cited the generally long life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home countries.
Conclusion 2 - these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability

We need to find the weakness in the official’s argument i.e. “these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability”

A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease. (This weakens the argument as the official has mention high quality hospital as a counter argument for infectious disease)
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. (This weakens the argument)
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy males over the age of fifty. (This weakens the argument as the population is not representative of Europe)
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by deaths due to all other causes. (This option does not affect the argument and is thus our answer)
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way. (This also weakens the conclusion)

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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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Although I got this question wrong - After analysis, I am convinced that 'A' is the correct answer. Basically, we need to be sure what this question is asking us to look at in the answer options - It needs us to find the weaknesses in the argument , What i understood by the weakness is - that argument might be assuming something wrongly because of which it falls apart. For instance - in this argument, Officials have mentioned that the Critics are disloyal and thus wrong about public vulnerability. This point is weak - look at answer option no b, "Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong". Weakness of an argument is an underlying assumption that the argument makes. Here officials assume that the critics were disloyal without providing any proof of their disloyality - were there findings about public vulnerability wrong ? May be yes may be no - but officials dont know that for sure.


Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries. All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:
A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease. Correct - The high quality of hospitals is not the focus , rather the focus is the Europeans (narrow sample though) undergoing treatment in US hospitals.
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. - Weakness , explained above in detail
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty. - Clear weakness
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes. - Official support his claim that critics are disloyal and wrong about vulnerability by citing generally long life span of people in US. Wait a minute, we are concerned about public vulnerability to the infectious disease. Weakness in the argument is that it wrongly compares general life span with life span of people with infectious disease.
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way. - Clear Weakness


Press +1 Kudos if you like my explanation

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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2013, 01:54
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:
• The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease.
• Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
• The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of
wealthy males over the age of fifty.
• The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by
deaths due to all other causes.
• Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other
advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.

Last edited by StrivingTurtle on 02 Mar 2013, 02:10, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2013, 11:15
The official's conclusion is that people who claim that the U.S. is more vulnerable
than other nations because of the country's lack of a national vaccine laboratory
are disloyal and incorrect. His basis for that conclusion is that the U.S. has
generally long life span and low infant mortality relative to all UN countries.
Moreover, he cites the high quality of American hospitals, and he adds that many
people he knows from around the world come to the U.S. for medical care. We
are asked to find the choice that does NOT point out a weakness or potential
weakness in the official's argument.
(A) CORRECT. This choice states that the high quality of hospitals is not a factor
affecting the public's vulnerability to infectious disease. However, the quality of
hospitals very arguably does affect how vulnerable the public is to such disease.
(B) This choice highlights the official's logical jump from "disloyal" to "wrong" in
the phrase "these critics are disloyal and thus wrong about the public's
vulnerability." There is no necessary connection between disloyalty and
wrongness.
(C) If the Europeans that the official cited overwhelmingly consist of wealthy men
over the age of fifty, then the official relied on an unrepresentative sample to
justify his claim. What is true of wealthy older European men is not necessarily
true of Europeans or non-Americans generally.
(D) If the average life span of Americans is determined by causes other than
infectious disease, then the official is not limiting his evidence to cases relating to
vaccines. Other causes of death are not relevant to the critics' argument.
(E) The ranking of the United States relative to all UN countries is misleading,
since it does not compare the U.S. to other "advanced industrialized" or
"developed" nations, as the critics' claim does.

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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2013, 11:56
this ques has many flaws...admitted by MGMAT instructor.... please refer following link
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/rec ... t1089.html

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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2013, 01:14
Unable to decide between A and B.

CAn some one please explain how to chose between A and B. B looks the one which does not weaken the arguement but every body seems to be content with A.

Also the link given here recently-many-critics-of-the-u-s-government-have-pointed-34515.html?hilit=Recently,%20some%20critics%20of%20the%20U.S.%20government%20have%20pointed%20out%20that%20this%20country%20is%20the%20only%20advanced

It Does not contain the same wordings as it misses the part about US hospitals in the last sentence. Also Manhattan has dismissed this question saying too many flaws in it .

Still I would like to know what makes A better than B.

Regards,
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2014, 18:58
"Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals" after that phrase follows " he ADDED that all of the Europeans". So one of the author's arguments is the high quality of American hospitals. Answer "A" obviously weakens one premise of the argument. A can't be the answer.

On the other hand, some people is arguing that public health doesn't have any realtionship with hospital's quality, but to arrive to that conclusion (relationship) we need too much outside information.This C.R. is not a GMAT question.

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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed   [#permalink] 10 Dec 2014, 18:58

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