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Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this

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Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2015, 11:14
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A
B
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D
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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

64% (01:22) correct 36% (01:45) wrong based on 294 sessions

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Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.

A) have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which
B) has shown the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred using an electronic reader, because where text is located plays a major role in how readily
C) has shown the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, as the physical location of the text plays a major role in the ease in which
D) has shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in how readily
E) have shown that the advantages of text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, where the text is located playing a major role in how readily
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2015, 16:42
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The sentence has a 3/2 split. The correct verb form is research...has shown. So we can eliminate A and E.

(B) states the advantages...to far outweigh the few, which is ungrammatical
(C) states the advantages conferred by x...far outweigh the few of y, which lacks parallelism
(D) is the only option left, and it keeps parallel structure: advantages conferred by x outweigh the few conferred by y

Answer: D
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Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

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Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.

(A) have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which

(B) has shown the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred using an electronic reader, because where text is located plays a major role in how readily

(C) has shown a physical book confers text advantages that far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, and the physical location of text plays a major role in the ease in which

(D) has shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in how readily

(E) have shown that the advantages of text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, where the text is located playing a major role in how readily
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Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2015, 21:58
D looks fine but I don't understand the use of "playing"

Should it be "plays" ?

Can anyone elaborate?
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Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2015, 23:13
The rapid-fire solution to this long question is that it is enough to consider two requirements to solve this question: The main verb has to be singular and that the advantages have to be expressed in a relative clause. D is the only one choice with that kind of a combination.
The phrase starting with the “the physical location” until the end of the sentence is modifying how a hard copy is better than a soft copy. Here a verb such as ‘plays’ does not work because, a verb will render it a comma splice with two independent clauses joined just by comma
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Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2016, 16:11
Hi All,

Got it correct, but need a concept cleared.

Option D:
"....the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.."

is this part an absolute phrase?
If so then which subject is it modifying?

Or


This is an independent Clause?

If so then Does it have a comma splice issue?

Or

Option 3
I don't know about

An expert's advise would be appreciated.

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Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2016, 21:11
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.

1) Research……………………has shown
2) Advantages……………………..conferred
3) Physical location……………....plays
4) Information…………………………..is encoded
Can someone please explain the OA I am little confused here with point 3. 'Playing' does not act as a verb here and correct verb form for 'physical location' would be 'plays'.

Thanks
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Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

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Shiv2016 wrote:
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.

1) Research……………………has shown
2) Advantages……………………..conferred
3) Physical location……………....plays
4) Information…………………………..is encoded
Can someone please explain the OA I am little confused here with point 3. 'Playing' does not act as a verb here and correct verb form for 'physical location' would be 'plays'.

Thanks


The part "the physical location..... playing ...... in our brains" is an absolute phrase modifying the entire main clause "Research ........have shown that the advantages .... outweigh the few of an electronic reader". An absolute phrase comprises of a noun / noun phrase and a noun modifier - in option D,

noun phrase: "the physical location of the text on the page"
noun modifier: "playing.... in our brains"

Here "playing" is a present participle modifier, not a verb. If "playing" were a verb then the second part "the physical location.... plays....our brains" would be an independent clause, and in that cause the sentence would be a run-on sentence since two independent clauses would then be joined using just a comma without a conjunction.
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Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2017, 13:48
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.

A) have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which
B) has shown the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred using an electronic reader, because where text is located plays a major role in how readily
C) has shown the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, as the physical location of the text plays a major role in the ease in which
D) has shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in how readily
E) have shown that the advantages of text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, where the text is located playing a major role in how readily


Research is singular thus 'has' is correct, Eliminate A and E.
B is ungramatical and C is unparallel.

Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this   [#permalink] 09 Mar 2017, 13:48
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