GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Jun 2018, 09:25

LIVE NOW:

Tips for Your Best Possible Application - Live Chat with Tuck Admissions | Click Here to JOIN!


Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

2 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 06 Jul 2014
Posts: 1259
Location: Ukraine
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Technology
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V33
GMAT 2: 740 Q50 V40
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Aug 2015, 12:14
2
9
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (01:17) correct 33% (01:43) wrong based on 385 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.

A) have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which
B) has shown the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred using an electronic reader, because where text is located plays a major role in how readily
C) has shown the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, as the physical location of the text plays a major role in the ease in which
D) has shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in how readily
E) have shown that the advantages of text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, where the text is located playing a major role in how readily

_________________

Simple way to always control time during the quant part.
How to solve main idea questions without full understanding of RC.
660 (Q48, V33) - unpleasant surprise
740 (Q50, V40, IR3) - anti-debrief ;)

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 04 Apr 2010
Posts: 88
Schools: UCLA Anderson
Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Aug 2015, 17:42
1
The sentence has a 3/2 split. The correct verb form is research...has shown. So we can eliminate A and E.

(B) states the advantages...to far outweigh the few, which is ungrammatical
(C) states the advantages conferred by x...far outweigh the few of y, which lacks parallelism
(D) is the only option left, and it keeps parallel structure: advantages conferred by x outweigh the few conferred by y

Answer: D
_________________

If this post was helpful, please give Kudos.

1 KUDOS received
BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
Status: Flying over the cloud!
Joined: 17 Aug 2011
Posts: 779
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: International Business, Marketing
GMAT Date: 06-06-2014
GPA: 3.07
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2015, 10:05
1
2
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.

(A) have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which

(B) has shown the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred using an electronic reader, because where text is located plays a major role in how readily

(C) has shown a physical book confers text advantages that far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, and the physical location of text plays a major role in the ease in which

(D) has shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in how readily

(E) have shown that the advantages of text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, where the text is located playing a major role in how readily
_________________

Rules for posting in verbal gmat forum, read it before posting anything in verbal forum
Giving me + 1 kudos if my post is valuable with you :)

The more you like my post, the more you share to other's need

CR: Focus of the Week: Must be True Question

Current Student
avatar
B
Joined: 08 Jan 2015
Posts: 85
Location: Thailand
GMAT 1: 540 Q41 V23
GMAT 2: 570 Q44 V24
GMAT 3: 550 Q44 V21
GMAT 4: 660 Q48 V33
GPA: 3.31
WE: Science (Other)
Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2015, 22:58
D looks fine but I don't understand the use of "playing"

Should it be "plays" ?

Can anyone elaborate?
Expert Post
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4311
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2015, 00:13
The rapid-fire solution to this long question is that it is enough to consider two requirements to solve this question: The main verb has to be singular and that the advantages have to be expressed in a relative clause. D is the only one choice with that kind of a combination.
The phrase starting with the “the physical location” until the end of the sentence is modifying how a hard copy is better than a soft copy. Here a verb such as ‘plays’ does not work because, a verb will render it a comma splice with two independent clauses joined just by comma
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 28 Jun 2015
Posts: 90
Location: Australia
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Dec 2016, 17:11
Hi All,

Got it correct, but need a concept cleared.

Option D:
"....the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.."

is this part an absolute phrase?
If so then which subject is it modifying?

Or


This is an independent Clause?

If so then Does it have a comma splice issue?

Or

Option 3
I don't know about

An expert's advise would be appreciated.

Best
Director
Director
avatar
G
Joined: 02 Sep 2016
Posts: 744
Premium Member
Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Dec 2016, 22:11
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.

1) Research……………………has shown
2) Advantages……………………..conferred
3) Physical location……………....plays
4) Information…………………………..is encoded
Can someone please explain the OA I am little confused here with point 3. 'Playing' does not act as a verb here and correct verb form for 'physical location' would be 'plays'.

Thanks
_________________

Help me make my explanation better by providing a logical feedback.

If you liked the post, HIT KUDOS !!

Don't quit.............Do it.

Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3200
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Dec 2016, 09:16
Shiv2016 wrote:
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.

1) Research……………………has shown
2) Advantages……………………..conferred
3) Physical location……………....plays
4) Information…………………………..is encoded
Can someone please explain the OA I am little confused here with point 3. 'Playing' does not act as a verb here and correct verb form for 'physical location' would be 'plays'.

Thanks


The part "the physical location..... playing ...... in our brains" is an absolute phrase modifying the entire main clause "Research ........have shown that the advantages .... outweigh the few of an electronic reader". An absolute phrase comprises of a noun / noun phrase and a noun modifier - in option D,

noun phrase: "the physical location of the text on the page"
noun modifier: "playing.... in our brains"

Here "playing" is a present participle modifier, not a verb. If "playing" were a verb then the second part "the physical location.... plays....our brains" would be an independent clause, and in that cause the sentence would be a run-on sentence since two independent clauses would then be joined using just a comma without a conjunction.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 460
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2017, 14:48
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.

A) have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which
B) has shown the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred using an electronic reader, because where text is located plays a major role in how readily
C) has shown the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, as the physical location of the text plays a major role in the ease in which
D) has shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in how readily
E) have shown that the advantages of text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, where the text is located playing a major role in how readily


Research is singular thus 'has' is correct, Eliminate A and E.
B is ungramatical and C is unparallel.

Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 503
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Apr 2018, 19:14
OE:
Subject verb agreement

The subject of the sentence is “research”. Therefore, the verb should be “has” not “have” Eliminate (A) and (E).

Idiom

To show THAT. Eliminate (B) and (C). The 'that' in (C) is functioning as a relative pronoun and is not part of the idiom "show that".

Parallelism

We are comparing “advantages in text retention CONFERRED BY a book” and “advantages in text retention CONFERRED BY an electronic reader”. Eliminate (C).

False Split

“The ease in which” vs. “how readily”. Technically, both are correct though the GMAT would almost always choose the latter given its brevity. Nevertheless, this distinction is too subtle and should be not be a deciding split, at least initially.

(A) In addition to the “have shown” not agreeing with the single noun “research”, “Conferred by” is not parallel with “few of”. The phrase would have to be “few conferred by an electronic reader” in order to maintain parallelism.

(B) “where text is located” is very vague. We are talking specifically about “where text is located” on the page.

(C) “the physical location of the text” is too vague. The physical location of text is technically on the page, or wherever the book happens to be. The original answer clearly refers to the importance of where text is located on the page. Far more subtle is the use of “and” and a comma to split an idea into two independent clauses, falsely implying that the two ideas aren’t that closely tied together.

(D) The answer.

(E) “Have/has” split. “Shown…TO” is unidiomatic. “Where the text is located” is vague. The original sentence clearly indicates that it is the location of the text upon the page, not its location in general.
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Best Gmat Resource:
GmatPrep CR|GmatPrep SC|GmatPrep RC

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 03 Feb 2018
Posts: 30
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Apr 2018, 22:20
Plugging (D) in the original question: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory has shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in how readily that information is encoded in our brains.

Doesn't the part before "the physical location of...." need to begin with a semicolon? It seems like its own clause. Please explain!
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 503
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Apr 2018, 23:04
sidvarma wrote:
Plugging (D) in the original question: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory has shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in how readily that information is encoded in our brains.

Doesn't the part before "the physical location of...." need to begin with a semicolon? It seems like its own clause. Please explain!


; defines that both part are independent clause. Do you think both of these part will independently hang around , if ';' used ?
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Best Gmat Resource:
GmatPrep CR|GmatPrep SC|GmatPrep RC

VP
VP
User avatar
D
Status: It's near - I can see.
Joined: 13 Apr 2013
Posts: 1043
Location: India
Concentration: International Business, Operations
GMAT 1: 480 Q38 V22
GPA: 3.01
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Apr 2018, 23:13
Harley1980 wrote:
Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this information into long-term memory have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which that information is encoded in our brains.


A) have shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in the ease with which

B) has shown the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred using an electronic reader, because where text is located plays a major role in how readily

C) has shown the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few of an electronic reader, as the physical location of the text plays a major role in the ease in which

D) has shown that the advantages in text retention conferred by a physical book far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, the physical location of the text on the page playing a major role in how readily

E) have shown that the advantages of text retention conferred by a physical book to far outweigh the few conferred by an electronic reader, where the text is located playing a major role in how readily


Two errors are sufficient to reach the right answer choice. But for improving skills you can go as much deep as possible.

Error - 1 : SV disagreement - We need "Research has shown and not have shown".

A and E are out.

Error- 2 : We need "shown that"

B and C are out.

Answer is (D)

_________________

"Success is not as glamorous as people tell you. It's a lot of hours spent in the darkness."

Re: Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this   [#permalink] 30 Apr 2018, 23:13
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Research into how our brains process the written word and encode this

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.