It is currently 20 Nov 2017, 23:49

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Sentence Correction

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 11 Nov 2017
Posts: 1

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Sentence Correction [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Nov 2017, 03:04
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 0 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Hi,

What role does the word 'which' following the preposition 'to' plays in the following sentence:

The tidal forces to which an object falling into a black hole is submitted are sufficient to tear the object apart

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Expert Post
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4491

Kudos [?]: 8757 [0], given: 105

Re: Sentence Correction [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Nov 2017, 14:22
AD26 wrote:
Hi,

What role does the word 'which' following the preposition 'to' plays in the following sentence:

The tidal forces to which an object falling into a black hole is submitted are sufficient to tear the object apart

Dear AD26,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

The word "which" is a pronoun. Technically, it is a relative pronoun. Its job is to open a subordinate clause, a noun-modifying clause. The pronoun "which" always refers to the target noun that the clause is modifying.

First, let's look at that sentence without the noun-modifying clause at all.
(1) The tidal forces are sufficient to tear the object apart.
That's 100% grammatically correct, but it leaves us a little in the dark. Which tidal forces? We are missing some context.

We could turn the noun modifying clause into its own sentence, and then follow it with a sentence similar to (1).
(2) An object falling into a black hole is submitted to tidal forces.
(3) These tidal forces are sufficient to tear the object apart.
Again, all this is 100% grammatically correct. It now provides context and tells a story. The problem is that these two sentences have a cookbook simplicity to it, as if this were appearing in a child's report on black holes. It is artlessly factual, the way children write.

It would be far more elegant to combine these into a single sentence. In this combined sentence, (1) will be the independent clause, and the information in (2) will be used in an noun-modifying clause. The target noun of this clause will the subject of (1), "tidal forces." Since this noun is the object of the preposition "to" in setnence (2), the relatively pronoun will have to take on this same role. Thus, the noun modifying clause will begin with the structure "to which."
(4) The tidal forces to which an object falling into a black hole is submitted are sufficient to tear the object apart.
That is a high quality sentence and could be the correct answer on a GMAT SC question.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Image

Image

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Kudos [?]: 8757 [0], given: 105

Re: Sentence Correction   [#permalink] 11 Nov 2017, 14:22
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Sentence Correction

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.