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Should the soft spring breath of kindly appreciation warm the current

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Should the soft spring breath of kindly appreciation warm the current  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 22:00
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Should the soft spring breath of kindly appreciation warm the current chilly atmosphere, flowers of greater luxuriance and beauty would soon blossom forth, to beautify and enrich our literature. If these anticipations are not realized, it will not be because there is anything in our country that is uncongenial to poetry. If we are deprived of many of the advantages of older countries, our youthful country provides ample compensation not only in the ways in which nature unveils her most majestic forms to exalt and inspire, but also in our unshackled freedom of thought and broad spheres of action. Despite the unpropitious circumstances that exist, some true poetry has been written in our country, and represents an earnest of better things for the future and basis to hope that it will not always be winter with our native poetry.

Whenever things are discovered that are new, in the records of creation, in the relations of phenomenon, in the mind‘s operations, or in forms of thought and imagery, some record in the finer forms of literature will always be demanded. There is probably no country in the world, making equal pretensions to natural intelligence and progress in education, where the claims of native literature are so little felt, and where every effort in poetry has been met with so much coldness and indifference, as in ours.

The common method of accounting for this, by the fact almost everyone is engaged in the pursuit of the necessities of life, and that few possess the wealth and leisure necessary to enable devotion of time or thought to the study of poetry and kindred subjects, is by no means satisfactory. This state of things is doubtless unfavourable to the growth of poetry; but there are other causes less palpable, which exert a more subtle but still powerful antagonism. Nothing so seriously militates against the growth of our native poetry as the false conceptions that prevail respecting the nature of poetry.

Stemming either from a natural incapacity for appreciating the truths which find their highest embodiment in poetry or from familiarity only with more widely available, but lower forms, such notions conceive of poetry as fanciful, contrived, contrary to reason, or lacking the justification of any claim to practical utility. These attitudes, which admittedly may have some origin in the imperfection that even the most partial must confess to finding in our native poetry, nevertheless also can have the effect of discouraging native writers of undoubted genius from the sustained application to their
craft that is essential to artistic excellence.

Poetry, like Truth, will unveil her beauty anddispense her honours only to those who love her with a deep and reverential affection. There are many who are not gifted with the power of giving expression to the deeper sensibilities who nevertheless experience them throbbing in their hearts. To them poetry appeals. But where this tongue-less poetry of the heart has no existence, or exists in a very feeble degree, the conditions for appreciating poetic excellence are wanting. Let no one, therefore, speak of disregard for poetry as if it indicated superiority.

Rather, it is an imperfection to be endured as a misfortune. Despite prevailing misconceptions, there always remain at least a few whoappreciate fine literature. Why do these not provide sufficient nourishment for our native artists? Here, we must acknowledge the difficulty that so many of us, as emigrants from the Old Country, cling to memories of the lands we have left, and that this throws a charm around literary efforts originating in our former home, and it is indisputable that the productions of our young country suffer by comparison.
1. In the passage, the author makes various inferences regarding the country
being written of. Which of the following inferences about the country is LEAST
supported by evidence from the passage?
A. It was recently settled by immigrants.
B. It possesses unspoiled beauty.
C. It lacks a system of higher education.
D. It is characterized by a relatively low standard of living.
E. Most of the people are from low income groups

2. The passage asserts that which of the following are reasons for the
indifference toward native poetry that the author finds in his country?
I. There has been insufficient edification of most of the population.
II. The highest achievements of native poets do not rise to the level
achieved by poets of the immigrants‘ homeland.
III. Nostalgic feelings orient readers toward the literature of their former
home.
A. I and II only
B. II and III only
C. I and III only
D. I, II, and III
E. None of the above

3. Which of the following statements, made by poets about the creative process,
is closest to the opinions expressed in the passage about what constitutes
―true‖ poetry?
A. ―Like a piece of ice on a hot stove the poem must ride on its own
melting. A poem may be worked over once it is in being, but may not
be worried into being.‖
B. ―My method is simple: not to bother about poetry. It must come of its
own accord. Merely whispering its name drives it away.‖
C. ―If there‘s room for poets in this world . . . their sole work is to
represent the age, their own age, not Charlemagne‘s.‖
D. ―The only way of expressing emotion in the form of art is by finding an
―objective correlative‖; in other words, a set of objects, a situation, a
chain of events which shall be the formula of that particular emotion;such that when the external facts, which must terminate in sensory
experience, are given, the emotion is immediately evoked.‖
E. None of the above


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Re: Should the soft spring breath of kindly appreciation warm the current  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 22:04

Topic and Scope - The state of poetry in the author‘s country.


Mapping the Passage


¶1 says that some native ―true poetry‖ has been written and that greater attention to
poetry will produce benefits.
¶s2 and 3 describe the country‘s indifference to poetry, an explanation, and the
author‘s rebuttal to the explanation.
¶4 describes the false conceptions that discourage native poets from writing quality
poetry.
¶5 argues that poetry should be more appreciated.
¶6 argues that the country‘s immigrant population causes ―old word‖ poetry to be
valued over native poetry.
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Location: India
Concentration: Finance
GPA: 2.77
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Should the soft spring breath of kindly appreciation warm the current  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 22:06

Answers and Explanations



1)

An inference question in a disguised ―All...EXCEPT‖ format. Either eliminate three
choices that must follow from the passage or look for something that doesn‘t
necessarily or cannot follow. (C) contradicts the author‘s suggestion that the
country being written about is highly educated, ―making equal pretensions to
natural intelligence and progress in education.‖
(A): Opposite. This is a valid inference based on the author‘s point in ¶6 that very
many in the country have emigrated from other countries.
(B): Opposite. The author describes in ¶1 a ―youthful country...in which nature
unveils her most majestic forms to exalt and inspire.‖
(C): The correct answer
(D): Opposite. The author argues in ¶3 that ―few possess the wealth and leisure
necessary to enable devotion of time or thought to the study of poetry...‖
which implies a relatively low standard of living.
(E): Opposite. This can be inferred from the passage.

Strategy Point:
Note how much the passage tells you, and how much it doesn't. Although the
author could be describing the U.S., he or she never states such. Therefore don't
fill in the blanks with your own perceptions of the U.S.

2)

A detail question: Review your map to get a feel for the reasons the author gives
for the country‘s indifference to poetry. RN I is difficult to decipher in that it
requires knowledge of what ―edification‖ means. If you don‘t know, guess or move
on to the next Roman Numeral! ―Edification‖ means instruction or enlightenment,
and the author does in fact argue that the country‘s population is unenlightened, as
described at the end of ¶2 and the beginning of ¶3. RN II may be tempting from aquick review of ¶6, but distorts the author‘s argument. The author argues that in
spite of the new country‘s quality poetry, immigrants read old world poetry because
of nostalgia. The issue isn‘t quality, but homesickness. There‘s no need to evaluate
RN III at this point unless you skipped RN I. RN III is correct for the same reasons
that RN II is wrong: immigrants are reading their homeland‘s poetry because of
nostalgia.
(A): Opposite. See above.
(B): Opposite. See above.
(C): The correct answer
(D): Opposite. See above.
(E): Opposite. See above.

3)

An application question. Predict by reviewing what the author considers true poetry
to be. The author argues in ¶4 that it‘s not ―fanciful or contrived,‖ but that it
requires ―sustained application to...craft that is essential for artistic excellence.‖
Look for an answer choice that fits with this idea of poetry. (A) most closely fits,
describing poetry that can be edited and made better, but that can‘t be artificially
contrived from the start.
(A): The correct answer
(B): Opposite. Though the author believes that poetry must be uncontrived, it‘s
also made clear that good poetry requires a lot of work to perfect. This
answer choice suggests the opposite.
(C): Out of Scope. The author discusses poetry that is tied to a particular country,
but says nothing about poetry tied to a particular time.
(D): Opposite. This description of poetry would likely be something the author
would label as contrived, and therefore more in keeping with misconceptions
of poetry than with what ―true‖ poetry is.
(E): Incorrect, as described in A.

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Should the soft spring breath of kindly appreciation warm the current &nbs [#permalink] 20 Oct 2018, 22:06
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