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Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely

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Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 06:41
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B
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68% (01:01) correct 32% (01:27) wrong based on 106 sessions

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Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely brief shelf lives, manufacturers of medicines usually produce as much as possible in a short span of time, and this was a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century, which is continuing in twenty-first century markets.


A) and this was a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century, which is

B) which was a trend that began by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century and it is

C) a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century and

D) a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century, it is

E) which was a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century and is
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 07:27
Experts-can you please explain how is E incorrect and C correct?
Also, can we use begun as a past tense verb? Should it not be 'began'?
And, how can 'continuing' be used as a verb by itself without 'is'?

Thanks

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Re: Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 09:21
KS15 wrote:
Experts-can you please explain how is E incorrect and C correct?
Also, can we use begun as a past tense verb? Should it not be 'began'?
And, how can 'continuing' be used as a verb by itself without 'is'?

Thanks


Which refers to immediate noun time that is y E is not correct

, a trend begun ..... and continuing..... this is not the clause thus begun here is not actually function and continuing as a verb.... instead they are mod. Phase of the trend

Consider this:

The food (eaten by the boy) was on the table

That man (running on the platform) is trying to catch the train

Another thing that I wanted to point out is mod. Concept , noun ........, PHASE (NOT A CLAUSE) if you closely look into the meaning of the sentence you will find synonyms of "trend"

Question is why we need a noun here rather than , verb-ing.... or ,verb-ed..... structure.... because the noun the sentence trying to mod. Is far away from the phase --- additional noun suppose to make it more clear


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Re: Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 09:32
Well,

I think that should not be the reason-there are lot of questions in which 'which' does not refer to the preceding noun-so that is why I asked for expert help .

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Re: Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 10:34
bkpolymers1617 wrote:
Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely brief shelf lives, manufacturers of medicines usually produce as much as possible in a short span of time, and this was a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century, which is continuing in twenty-first century markets.


A) and this was a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century, which is

B) which was a trend that began by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century and it is

C) a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century and

D) a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century, it is

E) which was a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century and is


C is the answer

A and is wrong in A , this is wrong it has no antecedent ans lastly which is
B which was is wrong in B which refers to time here and it is wrong
C correct
D it is at the end is wrong as it can refer to manufacturers and trend .It is a run on sentence
E which is wrong , is after and is wrong
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Re: Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2017, 04:21
bkpolymers1617 wrote:
Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely brief shelf lives, manufacturers of medicines usually produce as much as possible in a short span of time, and this was a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century, which is continuing in twenty-first century markets.


A) and this was a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century, which is

B) which was a trend that began by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century and it is

C) a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century and

D) a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century, it is

E) which was a trend begun by the early manufacturers of chemical products in the nineteenth century and is



Hi,

I am a bit confused here with the structure; I thought that " a trend begun ...and continuing" is not a parallel structure, this is why I preferred the options ending with "it is" ...I'd appreciate if you can shed some light on this part

P.S. I have revised all the basics of the grammar, am I missing any rules that I should look up or revise

Thanks :-)
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Re: Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2017, 04:24
Hi,

I am a bit confused here with the structure; I thought that " a trend begun ...and continuing" is not a parallel structure, this is why I preferred the options ending with "it is" ...I'd appreciate if you can shed some light on this part

P.S. I have revised all the basics of the grammar, am I missing any rules that I should be looking up or revise

Thanks :-)
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GMAT Club Live: 5 Principles for Fast Mathles for Fast Math: https://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-club-live-5-principles-for-fast-math-251028.html#p1940045
YouTube sessions by GMATNinja: https://gmatclub.com/forum/verbal-live-with-gmat-ninja-sc-pronouns-that-parallelism-250568.html#p1936104
The Best SC strategies - Amazing 4 videos by Veritas: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-best-sc-strategies-amazing-4-videos-by-veritas-250377.html#p1934575

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Re: Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2017, 06:54
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NDND wrote:
Hi,

I am a bit confused here with the structure; I thought that " a trend begun ...and continuing" is not a parallel structure, this is why I preferred the options ending with "it is" ...I'd appreciate if you can shed some light on this part

P.S. I have revised all the basics of the grammar, am I missing any rules that I should be looking up or revise

Thanks :-)


The structure is alright. The parallelism is between the two participial modifiers:

1. "begun by the early manufacturers ...."
AND
2. "continuing in twenty-first century ..."

(NOT between "a trend begun" and "continuing" as you might have thought - the noun "trend" is OUTSIDE the parallel structure.)

Both these participial modifiers refer to the noun "trend".

Note:
1. The last part of the sentence " a trend (begun by ..) AND (continuing in...)" is an example of an absolute phrase.
2. The words "begun" and "continuing" are participles, not verbs.

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Re: Since medicinal products in the pharmaceutical industry have extremely   [#permalink] 11 Oct 2017, 06:54
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