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Since OakLodge members of the current generation...

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Since OakLodge members of the current generation... [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2018, 20:41
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A
B
C
D
E

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  15% (low)

Question Stats:

75% (00:53) correct 25% (01:12) wrong based on 103 sessions

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Since OakLodge members of the current generation have determined that the esteemed founder of OakLodge was obsessed with cleanliness, they recently passed a resolution making it an expellable offense to fail three sanitation inspections in any six month period.

(A) Since OakLodge members of the current generation have determined that the esteemed founder of OakLodge was obsessed with cleanliness,
(B) Since an obsession with cleanliness by the esteemed founder of OakLodge was determined by members of the current generation,
(C) Members of the current generation, having determined the esteemed founder of OakLodge to be obsessed with cleanliness,
(D) Due to the fact that the esteemed founder of OakLodge was obsessed with cleanliness as determined by members of the current generation,
(E) To have determined the esteemed founder of OakLodge to be obsessed with cleanliness, members of the current generation

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Re: Since OakLodge members of the current generation... [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2018, 20:45
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Many of the incorrect answer choices of this question can be eliminated by two primary tactics: (1) temporarily ignoring obscuring modifying phrases to focus on the underlying structure of the sentence, and (2) looking for how changes in grammatical structure affect the meaning of the sentence.

Answer choice A is the correct answer. It correctly describes how current OakLodge members first determined that the founder of OakLodge was obsessed with cleanliness. This discovery then led these members to pass a resolution about cleanliness.

Answer choice B contains an illogical meaning issue that is hidden by numerous obscuring phrases. If we temporarily ignore all the modifying phrases, answer choice B seems to imply that the “current generation… determined” the obsession of its founder. This makes no sense, making it very easy to eliminate this answer choice. (Note that the current generation might be able to determine that the founder had such an obsession, but they couldn’t determine the obsession itself.) Some test-takers may note that answer choice B contains passive sentence construction (“an obsession…was determined by…”) However, passive sentence construction is completely grammatically legal. Passive construction is a style issue, and can only be used to eliminate answer choices if all other grammatical and meaning issues have been addressed. In fact, correct answers sometimes contain passive sentence construction as a way of “hiding” the right answer.

Answer choice C contains an elementary structure error, beginning the sentence with what appears to be a subject (“Members of the current generation”) without finishing it with a clause. If we temporarily ignore the modifying phrase “having determined the esteemed founder of OakLodge to be obsessed with cleanliness”, the sentence seems to read, “Members of the current generation…, they recently passed a resolution…” The opening phrase in answer choice C does not seem to have a legal function in the sentence. C can be eliminated.

Answer choice D contains several errors in meaning. First, the phrase “due to” is synonymous with the phrase “caused by” and can only modify nouns. The closest noun “due to” can modify is the pronoun “they”, but the current generational members were not “caused by” the founder’s obsession with cleanliness. This makes no sense. Answer choice D also contains a clear meaning issue due to the phrase “cleanliness as determined by members of the current generation.” It is illogical to say that the founder of OakLodge was somehow obsessed with how a later generation determined cleanliness. D can be eliminated.

Answer choice E also contains errors in meaning. By temporarily ignoring obscuring modifying phrases, we can see that E says “To have determined X…members of the current generation Y.” But the current generation clearly wouldn’t pass a resolution, in order to determine that the founder was obsessed with cleanliness. Again, this makes no sense. E can be eliminated.
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Aaron J. Pond
Veritas Prep Elite-Level Instructor

Hit "+1 Kudos" if my post helped you understand the GMAT better.
Look me up at https://www.veritasprep.com/gmat/aaron-pond/ if you want to learn more GMAT Jujitsu.

Re: Since OakLodge members of the current generation...   [#permalink] 01 Jan 2018, 20:45
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