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Some people say that the scarcity of food is a function of the finite

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Some people say that the scarcity of food is a function of the finite  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2017, 20:42
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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

64% (02:10) correct 36% (02:32) wrong based on 172 sessions

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Some people say that the scarcity of food is a function of the finite limits of the earth’s resources, coupled with a relentless rate of population growth. This analysis fails to recognize, however, that much of the world’s agricultural resources are used to feed livestock instead of people. In the United States, for example, almost one-half of the agricultural acreage is devoted to crops fed to livestock. A steer reduces twenty-one pounds of inexpensive grain to one pound of expensive meat. Thus, the scarcity of food is not merely a function of limited resources and population growth.

Which one of the following is an assumption that would allow the conclusion in the argument to be properly drawn?

(A) People prefer eating meat to eating grain.
(B) Meat is twenty-one times more expensive than grain.
(C) The limits of the earth’s agricultural resources are not finite.
(D) More than one-half of the agricultural acreage in the United States is devoted to crops fed to humans.
(E) Growing crops for human consumption on the acreage currently devoted to crops for livestock will yield more food for more people.

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Re: Some people say that the scarcity of food is a function of the finite  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2017, 03:38
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Some people say that the scarcity of food is a function of the finite limits of the earth’s resources, coupled with a relentless rate of population growth. This analysis fails to recognize, however, that much of the world’s agricultural resources are used to feed livestock instead of people. In the United States, for example, almost one-half of the agricultural acreage is devoted to crops fed to livestock. A steer reduces twenty-one pounds of inexpensive grain to one pound of expensive meat. Thus, the scarcity of food is not merely a function of limited resources and population growth.

Which one of the following is an assumption that would allow the conclusion in the argument to be properly drawn?

(A) People prefer eating meat to eating grain. Irrelevant.
(B) Meat is twenty-one times more expensive than grain. Again Irrelevent
(C) The limits of the earth’s agricultural resources are not finite. The first line says the opposite. Wrong.
(D) More than one-half of the agricultural acreage in the United States is devoted to crops fed to humans. If this is assumed also, we get no where to the conclusion. Wrong.
(E) Growing crops for human consumption on the acreage currently devoted to crops for livestock will yield more food for more people. If this is true, then food is available for more people and hence we can say that food for livestock is one of the reason for less food crop for humans. Right Choice.

E will be the answer.
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Re: Some people say that the scarcity of food is a function of the finite  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2017, 04:56
The argument is saying people consider Food Scarcity = F(Finite Limits, Population Growth Rate).

But the author is saying this is not the case. Most of the resources are wasted on Animals. So, the above relation is invalid.

Assumption: If those animals don't use the food, it would be available for people. This is what option E is saying. Hence, E is correct.

(A) People prefer eating meat to eating grain. : We don't care about what people prefer.
(B) Meat is twenty-one times more expensive than grain. Price is OFS.
(C) The limits of the earth’s agricultural resources are not finite. : This is breaking the fact.
(D) More than one-half of the agricultural acreage in the United States is devoted to crops fed to humans. Ok. what about the other half?
(E) Growing crops for human consumption on the acreage currently devoted to crops for livestock will yield more food for more people. Correct for the reasons stated above.

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Re: Some people say that the scarcity of food is a function of the finite  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 22:52
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Some people say that the scarcity of food is a function of the finite   [#permalink] 10 Apr 2019, 22:52
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