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# some useful grammatical nuances

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Director
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 747
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
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19 Sep 2013, 23:58
3
3
USE OF ALTHOUGH:

-ALTHOUGH is a subordinate conjunction and is always followed by a clause.(as per OG explanations)==>ALTHOUGH X,Y(HERE X and Y ARE CLAUSES)

-ALTHOUGH always connects two clauses with a comma.(as per RON)

-NEVER use a conjunction and ALTHOUGH together to connect two clauses
ex: ALTHOUGH X,and Y ==>THIS IS WRONG.((HERE X and Y ARE CLAUSES)

- ALTHOUGH is generally followed by definite thing.....so probability words such as MAY BE,COULD BE,POSSIBLY...all these are wrong in ALTHOUGH CLAUSE(means clause X)(as per RON)
example:
Although they could afford household appliances their grandparents would find miraculous ===>this is wrong
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Director
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Re: some useful grammatical nuances  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2013, 00:13
Normally use of AND ALSO is always redundant.
there are some exceptions when it is correct.

CORRECT USAGE of AND ALSO:

"X and Y" is normally used to indicate two different things. (if you said "the first woman and the first Swedish writer", without the "also", that would normally imply 2 different people)

"X and also Y" is normally used to bestow two descriptions on the SAME person or thing .

Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.

A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win
B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in 1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won
C. Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in 1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning
D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in 1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win.====>CORRECT
E. As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won
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Re: some useful grammatical nuances  [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2013, 03:36
1
MODALS:
there is something called MODAL verbs:

Verbs such as can, could,should, will, would, may, might are modal auxiliary verbs. Most modals are followed by the simple form of the verb (without "to")

example: i can do this///he can do this///they can do this.
i may not go///he may not go////they may not go.===>ALL PLURAL VERB.
i will do this///he will do this///they will do this.
i should do this///he should do this///they should do this.

Manhattan ex:
When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps already having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been the worldwide rise in average IQ score by as much as three points per decade over most of the past century.

1. When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been
2. The intermarriage of ethnic groups is likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect, ===>correct
3. When ethnic groups intermarry, they are likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to
4. Ethnic groups that intermarry will likely result in cognitive benefits; indeed, possibly having contributed to the Flynn effect,
5. The intermarriage of ethnic groups, likely to result in cognitive benefits, indeed have possibly contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to
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Director
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Re: some useful grammatical nuances  [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2013, 03:38
DETERMINED BY VS DETERMINED FROM:
"determined by" and "determined from" are both legitimate idioms, but they have different meanings.
"X is/was determined by Y" means that Y actually causes/caused X.
"X is/was determined from Y" means that someone looks at evidence Y and, from that evidence, figures out X.

for instance:
your personality can be determined by your handwriting --> this sentence doesn't make sense (it implies that the way you write actually causes your personality to be a certain way).
but...
some people think that your personality is determined by your genes --> this sentence makes sense (people to think that your genetic makeup causes you to have certain personality traits)
some people think that your personality is determined from your genes --> this doesn't make sense (it implies that people are looking at your genes and using them to guess what your personality is like).
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Director
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Re: some useful grammatical nuances  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2013, 02:00
following types of modifiers should be followed by SUBJECT of the sentence after the comma.
modifiers...
(1) Starting with –ING, or starting with preposition + -ING (especially in + -ING)
(2) Starting with past participle
(3) NOUN + MODIFIERS (i.e., not a clause)

examples:

(1)
WRONG:
Coming home from school, the wind blew me off my bike.
RIGHT:
Coming home from school, I was blown off my bike by the wind.

(2)
WRONG:
Thrown from a passing car, the blaze was ignited by a stray cigarette.
RIGHT:
Thrown from a passing car, a stray cigarette ignited the blaze.

(3)
WRONG:
A survivor of the Holocaust, Primo Levi’s stories demonstrate a resolute determination in the face of tragedy and adversity.
RIGHT:
A survivor of the Holocaust, Primo Levi wrote stories that demonstrate a resolute determination in the face of tragedy and adversity.
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Re: some useful grammatical nuances  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2019, 16:22
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Re: some useful grammatical nuances   [#permalink] 02 Feb 2019, 16:22
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