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Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unl

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Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unl [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2017, 12:22
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

24% (00:59) correct 76% (01:35) wrong based on 168 sessions

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Source: Nova GMAT

Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unless the administration allows the band director to keep his teaching position rather than forcing him to retire at the end of the school year. If the band director continues to teach at the high school, however, then the administration will have to eliminate one of the new coaching positions it planned for next year. So, the new coaching position will be eliminated.

The conclusion stated in the passage above is properly drawn if which one of the following assumptions is made?

(A) Students will drop out of the band program.
(B) The administration will insist that the high school band director retire.
(C) The students will not boycott graduation ceremonies.
(D) The administration has the authority to allow the band director to keep his teaching position.
(E) The high school students will not drop their threat to boycott graduation ceremonies if other student benefits are offered.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unl [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2017, 19:07
Hi Please explain why C is the correct answer
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Re: Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unl [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 10:47
I'm confused between c and d , then thought d is more important because if there is no authority to allow the band director to keep his teaching position , then conclusion cannot be drawn

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Re: Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unl [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 11:28
i fail to understand what missing link C fills in this question!
IMO,
it cant be the right answer!
D is a better choice.
sayantanc2k your thoughts please!

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Re: Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unl [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 11:51
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arvind910619 wrote:
Hi Please explain why C is the correct answer


Here is the comprehensive explanation

Remember, “A unless B” is the equivalent
of ~B—>A. The first sentence in the passage
can be depicted as
~BD—>BG
where B D stands for “the administration
allows the band director to keep his teaching
position” and BG stands for “Students at
Lincoln High School will boycott graduation
ceremonies.” The second sentence contains an
implied if-then statement. It can be stated as
follows: “If the administration allows the band
director to keep his teaching position, then it
will have to eliminate one of the new coaching
positions.” This can be depicted as
BD—>EC
Of course, EC stands for “it will have to eliminate
one of the new coaching positions.” As presented,
the two diagrammed statements cannot be connected. However, let’s suppose the high school
students do not boycott graduation ceremonies,
which is selection (C). If we apply the contrapositive to the first diagram, ~BD—>BG, the
statement becomes
~BG—>BD
Then we can use the transitive property to
combine ~BG—>BD with BD—>EC to yield
the following diagram:
~BG—>EC
That is, if the students don’t boycott graduation
ceremonies, then a new coaching position will
be eliminated. Thus, the correct assumption is
that the students will not boycott graduation
ceremonies. The answer is selection (C).
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Re: Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unl [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 14:32
I still don't understand why its C not D.

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Re: Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unl [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2017, 08:35
SajjadAhmad wrote:
arvind910619 wrote:
Hi Please explain why C is the correct answer


Here is the comprehensive explanation

Remember, “A unless B” is the equivalent
of ~B—>A. The first sentence in the passage
can be depicted as
~BD—>BG
where B D stands for “the administration
allows the band director to keep his teaching
position” and BG stands for “Students at
Lincoln High School will boycott graduation
ceremonies.” The second sentence contains an
implied if-then statement. It can be stated as
follows: “If the administration allows the band
director to keep his teaching position, then it
will have to eliminate one of the new coaching
positions.” This can be depicted as
BD—>EC
Of course, EC stands for “it will have to eliminate
one of the new coaching positions.” As presented,
the two diagrammed statements cannot be connected. However, let’s suppose the high school
students do not boycott graduation ceremonies,
which is selection (C). If we apply the contrapositive to the first diagram, ~BD—>BG, the
statement becomes
~BG—>BD
Then we can use the transitive property to
combine ~BG—>BD with BD—>EC to yield
the following diagram:
~BG—>EC
That is, if the students don’t boycott graduation
ceremonies, then a new coaching position will
be eliminated. Thus, the correct assumption is
that the students will not boycott graduation
ceremonies. The answer is selection (C).


thanks for the explanation .any thoughts why D is wrong ? .If I see such questions in gmat exams" I would not think of A unless B relation in first go.May be I'll go for elimination or just skip the question.

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Re: Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unl [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 00:36
SajjadAhmad wrote:
arvind910619 wrote:
Hi Please explain why C is the correct answer


Here is the comprehensive explanation

Remember, “A unless B” is the equivalent
of ~B—>A. The first sentence in the passage
can be depicted as
~BD—>BG
where B D stands for “the administration
allows the band director to keep his teaching
position” and BG stands for “Students at
Lincoln High School will boycott graduation
ceremonies.” The second sentence contains an
implied if-then statement. It can be stated as
follows: “If the administration allows the band
director to keep his teaching position, then it
will have to eliminate one of the new coaching
positions.” This can be depicted as
BD—>EC
Of course, EC stands for “it will have to eliminate
one of the new coaching positions.” As presented,
the two diagrammed statements cannot be connected. However, let’s suppose the high school
students do not boycott graduation ceremonies,
which is selection (C). If we apply the contrapositive to the first diagram, ~BD—>BG, the
statement becomes
~BG—>BD
Then we can use the transitive property to
combine ~BG—>BD with BD—>EC to yield
the following diagram:
~BG—>EC
That is, if the students don’t boycott graduation
ceremonies, then a new coaching position will
be eliminated. Thus, the correct assumption is
that the students will not boycott graduation
ceremonies. The answer is selection (C).


hi,
sajid your explanation above seems quite acceptable , but can you clarify what i am thinking about it
if the administrator allows band director then high schools students will not boycott ceremonies , which means students want band director to keep teaching .
that's why if new position will be eliminated then it must be true that the band director is still teaching so this can be true when we assume that students are not boycotting .

but i have a doubt too , say students want the band director and the administration does not , then how it can be true that without boycotting administration allows band director to keep teaching , i am so confused :oops: , please help

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Re: Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unl [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 01:54
nks2611 wrote:
SajjadAhmad wrote:
arvind910619 wrote:
Hi Please explain why C is the correct answer


Here is the comprehensive explanation

Remember, “A unless B” is the equivalent
of ~B—>A. The first sentence in the passage
can be depicted as
~BD—>BG
where B D stands for “the administration
allows the band director to keep his teaching
position” and BG stands for “Students at
Lincoln High School will boycott graduation
ceremonies.” The second sentence contains an
implied if-then statement. It can be stated as
follows: “If the administration allows the band
director to keep his teaching position, then it
will have to eliminate one of the new coaching
positions.” This can be depicted as
BD—>EC
Of course, EC stands for “it will have to eliminate
one of the new coaching positions.” As presented,
the two diagrammed statements cannot be connected. However, let’s suppose the high school
students do not boycott graduation ceremonies,
which is selection (C). If we apply the contrapositive to the first diagram, ~BD—>BG, the
statement becomes
~BG—>BD
Then we can use the transitive property to
combine ~BG—>BD with BD—>EC to yield
the following diagram:
~BG—>EC
That is, if the students don’t boycott graduation
ceremonies, then a new coaching position will
be eliminated. Thus, the correct assumption is
that the students will not boycott graduation
ceremonies. The answer is selection (C).


hi,
sajid your explanation above seems quite acceptable , but can you clarify what i am thinking about it
if the administrator allows band director then high schools students will not boycott ceremonies , which means students want band director to keep teaching .
that's why if new position will be eliminated then it must be true that the band director is still teaching so this can be true when we assume that students are not boycotting .

but i have a doubt too , say students want the band director and the administration does not , then how it can be true that without boycotting administration allows band director to keep teaching , i am so confused :oops: , please help


Hi

You should focus on the last line of the conclusion of the question stimulus that is

So, the new coaching position will be eliminated.

Now focus on the right option that is

The students will not boycott graduation ceremonies.

there is a swap of the order which confusing you

1st the administration will have to eliminate one of the new coaching positions it planned for next year then after this The students will not boycott graduation ceremonies and then the new coaching position will be eliminated.
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Re: Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unl [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 11:42
Stimulus:
Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unless the administration allows the band director to keep his teaching position rather than forcing him to retire at the end of the school year. If the band director continues to teach at the high school, however, then the administration will have to eliminate one of the new coaching positions it planned for next year. So, the new coaching position will be eliminated.

Question Stem:
The conclusion stated in the passage above is properly drawn if which one of the following assumptions is made?

Premise 1: Students will boycott ceremonies unless the administration allows the band director to keep his teaching position rather than forcing him to retire at the end of the school year.

Premise 2: If the band director continues to teach at the high school, however, then the administration will have to eliminate one of the new coaching positions it planned for next year.

Conclusion: So, the new coaching position will be eliminated.

My take on this is: So the band director isn't leaving? Great! why? cuz the admin is allowing him to keep his teaching position. Wait.
that means the students won't boycott the graduation ceremonies.

Answer: (C) The students will not boycott graduation ceremonies.
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Re: Students at Lincoln High School will boycott graduation ceremonies unl   [#permalink] 18 Apr 2017, 11:42
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