GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 23 May 2019, 08:59

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 20 Jun 2017
Posts: 9
Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 08 Oct 2017, 06:45
3
8
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (02:21) correct 49% (02:21) wrong based on 411 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed with clinical depression actually increase in the springtime. The results of the studies were no different for subjects who spent most of their days outdoors than for those who stayed indoors. Researchers, once baffled by this finding, now hypothesize that seasonal changes in the mental health of the most severely depressed can be based on more than exposure to light.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the researchers' hypothesis?

A. The same subjects evidence no change in mental health in the autumn when the amount of light is equivalent to that in spring.

B. As all people inherently believe that their health will improve in the spring, the unrealized expectation of improved health will often lead the most depressed to an even deeper level of depression.

C. Healthy subjects report feeling more alert and happy in the springtime as compared with the winter.

D. Seasonal-affective disorder (SAD) affects nearly one in ten people and can seriously interfere with an individual's work schedule and lifestyle habits.

E. Other scientists have demonstrated how over-exposure to sunshine can deplete the brain of the neurochemical seratonin and result in higher levels of depression.

Originally posted by Aj558 on 08 Oct 2017, 05:35.
Last edited by broall on 08 Oct 2017, 06:45, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted question
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 31 May 2015
Posts: 125
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Oct 2017, 05:52
1
B does not mention light yet it is right.
_________________
GMAT loosers are born not made !!!
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 31 Oct 2015
Posts: 3
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Oct 2017, 14:21
P1 : Depression increases during spring. P2 : Depression same indoor and outdoors.
Conclusion : Depression therefore doesnt not depend on only exposure. I.e there is more than one cause for the effect.

Pre-thinking : Statement citing any other cause for the effect.

Therefore Answer B is right.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 21 Mar 2017
Posts: 137
Location: India
GMAT 1: 560 Q48 V20
WE: Other (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Oct 2017, 10:06
Could anyone explain why is E wrong?
_________________
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
When nothing seem to help, I would go and look at a Stonecutter hammering away at his rock perhaps a hundred time without as much as a crack showing in it.
Yet at the hundred and first blow it would split in two.
And I knew it was not that blow that did it, But all that had gone Before
.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 02 Apr 2014
Posts: 477
Location: India
Schools: XLRI"20
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.5
Re: Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Oct 2017, 02:31
Prashant10692 wrote:
Could anyone explain why is E wrong?


is n't E a weakener?

Argument trying to say another cause for the effect (depression), but E -> Other scientists say more exposure to light -> depression.
CR & LSAT Forum Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: He came. He saw. He conquered. -- Studying for the LSAT -- Corruptus in Extremis
Joined: 31 Jul 2017
Posts: 601
Location: United States (MA)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
Reviews Badge
Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Oct 2017, 05:16
Prashant10692 wrote:
Could anyone explain why is E wrong?


Hi Prashant10692,

As explained in the post above this one, E weakens the author's point because it supports the idea that light is the main factor. We are looking for an alternative explanation, and B gives us that answer.

Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed with clinical depression actually increase in the springtime. The results of the studies were no different for subjects who spent most of their days outdoors than for those who stayed indoors. Researchers, once baffled by this finding, now hypothesize that seasonal changes in the mental health of the most severely depressed can be based on more than exposure to light.

Does this help?
_________________
D-Day: November 18th, 2017

My CR Guide: https://gmatclub.com/forum/mod-nightblade-s-quick-guide-to-proficiency-cr-295316.html

Need a laugh and a break? Go here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/mental-break-funny-videos-270269.html

Need a CR tutor? PM me!
Director
Director
User avatar
D
Joined: 08 Jun 2013
Posts: 560
Location: France
Schools: INSEAD Jan '19
GMAT 1: 200 Q1 V1
GPA: 3.82
WE: Consulting (Other)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Sep 2018, 05:42
The author concludes that increased depression in the springtime among the most severely depressed patients has a cause other than exposure to light. The evidence is a study that found depression worsened in the spring with no change in depression level between people who were outdoors or indoors.

Predict the Answer:

The author never suggests what might be the cause, so is assuming there's another cause that has no connection to light exposure. The correct answer will be anything that makes the Assumption more likely. Look for a choice that indicates there may be a cause other than light for the springtime depression.

Evaluate the Answers:

(B) is correct. It strengthens the idea that light is not the cause by suggesting an alternate cause: unmet health expectations.

(A) is irrelevant. It focuses on light, but the conclusion indicates there is a cause other than light.

(C) is irrelevant as it focused on healthy subjects, not depressed ones.

(D) is irrelevant since it describes a particular condition but does not address the cause of that condition.

(E) weakens the conclusion by offering a possible explanation for worsening mental health in the spring based on exposure to light.
_________________
Everything will fall into place…

There is perfect timing for
everything and everyone.
Never doubt, But Work on
improving yourself,
Keep the faith and
Stay ready. When it’s
finally your turn,
It will all make sense.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 14 Aug 2017
Posts: 15
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V34
Reviews Badge
Re: Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Sep 2018, 06:47
Can someone explain why A is wrong?

---------------------------------------------
Never give up ,great things take time
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 29 Jul 2018
Posts: 114
Concentration: Finance, Statistics
GMAT 1: 620 Q45 V31
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Oct 2018, 06:34
seasonal changes in the mental health of the most severely depressed can be based on more than exposure to light.
we have to strengthen this and only b tells that there there is another reason other than light.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 29 Jul 2018
Posts: 114
Concentration: Finance, Statistics
GMAT 1: 620 Q45 V31
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Oct 2018, 06:36
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 06 Sep 2018
Posts: 174
Location: Pakistan
Concentration: Finance, Operations
GPA: 2.87
WE: Engineering (Other)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Oct 2018, 06:46
Prashant10692 wrote:
Could anyone explain why is E wrong?

The question is about strengthen the argument but this option is opposite and weakens the argument...This option is stating that exposure to light is the cause of depression but in conclusion author mentioned that there are other causes of depression but not sunlight
I hope its clear
_________________
Hitting Kudos is the best way of appreciation. :)

Eric Thomas, "When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe, then you'll be successful."
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 31 Aug 2018
Posts: 23
Re: Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Oct 2018, 07:30
beebuzz0504 wrote:
Can someone explain why A is wrong?

---------------------------------------------
Never give up ,great things take time


Option 'A' again iterates that the depression is caused by light, whereas the hypothesis says that there's something other than exposure to light that is causing seasonal depression.

Therefore the answer which says anyother reason apart from light will be correct.

Hope this helped !

Saurabh

Posted from my mobile device
Manager
Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 13 Jun 2012
Posts: 203
Location: United States
WE: Supply Chain Management (Computer Hardware)
GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Oct 2018, 09:08
Aj558 wrote:
Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed with clinical depression actually increase in the springtime. The results of the studies were no different for subjects who spent most of their days outdoors than for those who stayed indoors. Researchers, once baffled by this finding, now hypothesize that seasonal changes in the mental health of the most severely depressed can be based on more than exposure to light.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the researchers' hypothesis?

A. The same subjects evidence no change in mental health in the autumn when the amount of light is equivalent to that in spring.

B. As all people inherently believe that their health will improve in the spring, the unrealized expectation of improved health will often lead the most depressed to an even deeper level of depression.

C. Healthy subjects report feeling more alert and happy in the springtime as compared with the winter.

D. Seasonal-affective disorder (SAD) affects nearly one in ten people and can seriously interfere with an individual's work schedule and lifestyle habits.

E. Other scientists have demonstrated how over-exposure to sunshine can deplete the brain of the neurochemical seratonin and result in higher levels of depression.


Have to be very careful when one is reading a CR passage.

Here the last line says " most severely depressed can be based on more than exposure to light"

A kinda strengthens it says " The same subjects evidence no change in mental health in the autumn when the amount of light is equivalent to that in spring" but B is better

as it says As all people inherently believe that their health will improve in the spring, the unrealized expectation of improved health will often lead the most depressed to an even deeper level of depression" gives a alternate reason.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed   [#permalink] 05 Oct 2018, 09:08
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Studies have shown that levels of depression among those diagnosed

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.