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# Sunjunctive in summary : The subjunctive mood is used in

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Joined: 25 Dec 2009
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Sunjunctive in summary : The subjunctive mood is used in  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2010, 06:14
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Sunjunctive in summary :
The subjunctive mood is used in dependent clauses that do the following:
1) express a wish;
2) begin with if and express a condition that does not exist (is contrary to fact);
3) begin with as if and as though when such clauses describe a speculation or condition contrary to fact or pretention;
4) begin with that and express a demand, requirement, request, or suggestion, proposal.

examples :
· She wishes her boyfriend were here.
· If Juan were more aggressive, he'd be a better hockey player.
· We would have passed if we had studied harder.
· He acted as if he were guilty.
· I requested that he be present at the hearing.

Coutsey : One universtiy site

Question: if i want to re-write first sentence "She wishes her boyfriend were here"

Could it be re-written as :

She wishes that her boyfriend were here or

She wishes that her boyfriend be here .

Are both of them are correct ?
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Joined: 25 Aug 2009
Posts: 636
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04 Jan 2010, 20:58

'Wishes that her boyfriend be here' is not correct. The 'that...be' (or more generally, 'that...infinitive') construction is only used with words indicating a request, suggestion, or demand. So you could say that she suggests that her boyfriend be here, or that she demands that her boyfriend be here, but you cannot use 'wish' in that setup.
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06 Jan 2010, 06:40
She wishes that her boyfriend were here ?? Is this correct ?

As sunjunctive mood can also be applied when the thing didnt happen such as :

If I were rich....<he is actually not rich>

Kaplan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 25 Aug 2009
Posts: 636
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06 Jan 2010, 10:33
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There are three ways to use the subjunctive.

First is with 'wish'; off the top of my head, 'wish' is the only word that uses this form.
I wish that he were here.
I wish that I had a million dollars
Use wish, that, and the past tense of the verb; if using 'to be' as the verb, always use were, regardless of the plurality of the object. This expresses contrary-to-fact desires

Second is the conditional.
If he were here, I would be happy.
If I had a million dollars, I'd buy you a fur coat.

It uses if, were (or rarely another past-tense verb), and would, to express a condition and a consequence that are both contrary to fact.

Third is demands, requests, and suggestions.
I recommend that you work hard every day to prepare for the GMAT.
I suggest that you avoid real fur coats. They're cruel.

They use a word indicating an imperative to act in a contrary-to-fact manner, the word 'that', and the bare infinitive of the verb.
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Re: Sunjunctive in summary : The subjunctive mood is used in  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2018, 10:56
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Re: Sunjunctive in summary : The subjunctive mood is used in   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2018, 10:56
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