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Technological improvements will enable food production to increase as

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Technological improvements will enable food production to increase as  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Feb 2019, 02:43
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Technological improvements will enable food production to increase as populations increase. However, increases in food production will be negligible unless societies become more centralized so that all factors contributing to the production of food can be better coordinated. But, historically, the more centralized a society was, the greater the percentage of its people who perished if and when it collapsed. Thus, increasing the centralization of societies in an effort to increase food production via better technology will merely exacerbate the disasters associated with societal collapse.

The statements above, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?

(A) The more centralized a society is, the greater its need for increased food production.
(B) Not every problem associated with the collapse of a centralized society would be prevented by technological improvements.
(C) The rate at which the world’s population is growing will continue to increase indefinitely.
(D) The production of food can be increased only by improved technology.
(E) Societies have become more centralized as technology has improved.

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Originally posted by Akela on 20 Jun 2017, 11:15.
Last edited by Akela on 17 Feb 2019, 02:43, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Technological improvements will enable food production to increase as  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2017, 12:13
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Technological improvements will enable food production to increase as populations increase. However, increases in food production will be negligible unless societies become more centralised so that all factors contributing to the production of food can be better coordinated. But, historically, the more centralised a society was, the greater the percentage of its people who perished if and when it collapsed. Thus, increasing the centralisation of societies in an effort to increase food production via better technology will merely exacerbate the disasters associated with societal collapse.

The statements above, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?

(A) The more centralised a society is, the greater its need for increased food production. -The passage doesn't state that centralisation increases food and thus need for increased food production. In fact, the argument says that in order to increase the food production centralisation in required, a statement which is no where close to the meaning of this option.

(B) Not every problem associated with the collapse of a centralised society would be prevented by technological improvements. -CORRECT. When centralisation of societies collapses, many people suffer. The author says that centralisation increases the disasters associated with collapse in the last statement. Also, overall meaning of the argument is to increase the food production in order to remove the problem of food shortage for the increasing population. Thus we can safely infer that technology, although, will help to solve a certain problem but will not help in resolving all the problems.

(C) The rate at which the world’s population is growing will continue to increase indefinitely. -Out of scope

(D) The production of food can be increased only by improved technology. -Exaggerated. Passage doesn't state that technology is the ONLY solution to increase the food production.

(E) Societies have become more centralised as technology has improved. -In fact its the opposite of what's written in the passage. In order to increase the food production we need centralisation.

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Re: Technological improvements will enable food production to increase as  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2019, 00:15
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Re: Technological improvements will enable food production to increase as   [#permalink] 17 Feb 2019, 00:15
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