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That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excav

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That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excav  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Oct 2017, 07:07
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That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excavating of a 1000 year old Hohokam village in Tempe, Arizona, has nearly doubled the number of these artifacts known to exists.

(A) That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excavating

(B) Twenty-one ceramic dog figurines discovered at the excavation

(C) Discovering Twenty-one ceramic dog figurines at the excavating

(D) Ceramic dog figurines, twenty-one of which were discovered during excavating

(E) The discovery of twenty-one ceramic dog figurines during the excavation

Originally posted by zz0vlb on 28 Apr 2010, 15:07.
Last edited by hazelnut on 19 Oct 2017, 07:07, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excav  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2012, 06:23
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A. That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excavating --- This isn’t a bad sentence; only thing is that the use of excavating instead of the excavation is rather not elegant. When there is a popular noun odor a word, the gerund is not the ideal thing to use.


B. Twenty-one ceramic dog figurines discovered at the excavation ---figurines and has nearly doubled- SV error

C. Discovering twenty-one ceramic dog figurines at the excavating--- at the excavating is inelegant

D. Ceramic dog figurines, twenty-one of which were discovered during excavating --- figurines and has nearly doubled – SV error.

E The discovery of twenty-one ceramic dog figurines during the excavation—right choice; it is the act of discovery that pushes the number and not the 21 figurines. Correct expression.

Although both ‘at the excavation’ and ‘during the excavation’ are correct depending upon the context, here ‘during excavation’ is better since the figurines were found during the period of excavation. At the excavation will allude to a specific place.
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Re: That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excav  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2016, 23:48
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zz0vlb wrote:
That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excavating of a 1000 year old Hohokam village in Tempe, Arizona, has nearly doubled the number of these artifacts known to exists.

A. That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excavating
B. Twenty-one ceramic dog figurines discovered at the excavation
C. Discovering Twenty-one ceramic dog figurines at the excavating
D. Ceramic dog figurines, twenty-one of which were discovered during excavating
E. The discovery of twenty-one ceramic dog figurines during the excavation



ANSWER IS UNDISPUTED OPTION E

Look at the non underlined part, (which as per GMAT rule contains no error) and notice the linking verb "HAS"
(Linking verbs such as "IS" "HAS" "BE" "BEING" "WAS" etc etc show a relationship between the subject and the complement)
It clearly indicated that the complement must be singular because "has" is singular. SO the subject of the sentence CAN ONLY BE SINGULAR AND CANNOT BE PLURAL.
In all option A,B,C,D the subject is figurines, which is the plural of figure .... so none of them can be the correct options

In ONLY E in subject of the sentence is discovery which is singular and hence correctly links with "has"
A. That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excavating
WRONG SV - plural "figurines" + singular "has" INCORRECT
B. Twenty-one ceramic dog figurines discovered at the excavation
WRONG SV - plural "figurines" + singular "has" INCORRECT
C. Discovering Twenty-one ceramic dog figurines at the excavating
WRONG SV - plural "figurines" + singular "has" INCORRECT

D. Ceramic dog figurines, twenty-one of which were discovered during excavating
WRONG SV - plural "figurines" + singular "has" INCORRECT
E. The discovery of twenty-one ceramic dog figurines during the excavation
RIGHT Singular subject "discovery+singular linking verb "has"

The discovery of twenty-one ceramic dog figurines during the excavation of a 1000 year old Hohokam village in Tempe, Arizona, has nearly doubled the number of these artifacts known to exists.
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Re: That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excav  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2017, 06:58
In option A .. "that twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excavating of a 1,000-year-old Hohokam village in Tempe, Arizona." Yes, this entire clause is the subject, and as it begins with "that" it's singular, agreeing with the verb "has." However, it's extraordinarily awkward to use such a long noun clause to begin a sentence. Furthermore, noun clauses rarely make sense as the subjects of transitive verbs, and are much more often the subjects of the verb "to be" than anything else. An example of a clear usage of a noun clause is this:

"That the problems are difficult is clear; what is interesting is how to answer them."

Both noun clauses ("that..." and "what...") are short and are the subject of the verb "to be" -- in the second part of the sentence, the first noun clause, "what...", is properly equated to another noun clause, "how...." Thus these are good sentences. The original one here, however, isn't ideal, and if there is a choice that uses a simple noun and modifiers instead of the long awkward noun clause to be the subject of "has doubled," as long as that choice makes no further errors, it will be the ideal choice.

Of the remaining choices, it's necessary to keep the subject singular, so that it agrees with the singular verb "has" that isn't underlined and therefore can't change. (B) and (D) both make the subject "figurines," which is plural, and therefore need to be eliminated.

(C) is awkward because gerunds are similar to noun clauses in that it's hard to make them logically the subject of transitive verbs -- was it really the act of "discovering" them? or rather the fact that they were discovered? -- and a noun, as in (E), would be far better. Furthermore, it's rarely correct to use a gerund after a preposition, so "at the excavating" in (C) should raise some eyebrows, while "during the excavation" in (E) is, again, far superior.
Thus (E) is the correct answer.
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Re: That twenty-one ceramic dog figurines were discovered during the excav &nbs [#permalink] 13 Aug 2017, 06:58
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