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Re: The age at which young children begin to make moral discriminations ab [#permalink]
Question 3 ...answer should be B and 4 ....answer should be A.
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Re: The age at which young children begin to make moral discriminations ab [#permalink]
3
Kudos
Q3 asks: on what points would Piaget and Keasey disagree?

The answer is in the first paragraph

Piaget's view:
"because of their immaturity, children under age seven do not take into account the intentions of a person committing accidental or deliberate harm, but rather simply assign punishment for transgressions on the basis of the magnitude of the negative consequences caused."

Keasey's view:
"six-year-old children not only distinguish between accidental and intentional harm, but also judge intentional harm as naughtier, regardless of the amount of damage produced."

So Piaget and Keasey disagree about the moral reasoning of 6-year olds
Piaget says they do not consider the intentions of the 'harmer', while Keasey says they do.
Both of them accept that 7-year olds do distinguish between intentional and unintentional harm

Let's look at the answer choices now

(A) The kinds of excuses children give for harmful acts they commit
- irrelevant, no idea, not discussed
- the passage discusses how children judge the harm done by others, not the harm they themselves do

(B) The age at which children begin to discriminate between intentional and unintentional harm
- PERFECT MATCH

(C) The intentions children have in perpetrating harm
- irrelevant, no idea, not discussed
- same as A

(D) The circumstances under which children punish harmful acts
- irrelevant, no idea, not discussed
- the passage never suggests that the children punish harmful acts; it discusses how children judge the harmful acts done by others

(E) The justifications children recognize for mitigating punishment for harmful acts
- irrelevant, no idea, not discussed
- we do now know Piaget's and Keasey's ideas on what justifications children recognise

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Re: The age at which young children begin to make moral discriminations ab [#permalink]
2
Kudos
Q4).According to the passage, Keasey s findings support which of the following conclusions about six-year-old children?

Simplified version of the question is:
"What do Keasey's findings suggest about 6-year old children?"

This is what we know about Keasey's ideas:
"Keasey found that six-year-old children not only distinguish between accidental and intentional harm, but also judge intentional harm as naughtier, regardless of the amount of damage produced.
... these findings ... indicate that (6-year old) children ... advance into the second stage of moral development, moral autonomy,
(moral autonomy is a stage) in which they accept social rules but view them as more arbitrary than do children in the first stage"

Let's look at the answer choices now

(A) They have the ability to make autonomous moral judgments.
- this could match "children advance into the stage of moral autonomy"
- KEEP this one

(B) They regard moral absolutism as a threat to their moral autonomy.
- No idea, ELIMINATE
- the phrase 'moral autonomy' is a memory trap
- the passage does not discuss what children think of 'moral absolutism"

(C) They do not understand the concept of public duty.
- No idea, ELIMINATE
- the passage does not discuss whether children understand "moral duty"

(D) They accept moral judgment made by their peers more easily than do older children.
- No idea, ELIMINATE
- the pasage does not discuss how easily children accept moral judgements made by their peers


(E) They make arbitrary moral judgments.
- reversal, ELIMINATE
- Keasey does not say that children make arbitrary moral judgements
- In fact, his findings suggest the opposite: children "judge intentional harm as naughtier" shows that the moral judgements are not arbitrary

Through a process of elimination, the answer should be A

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Re: The age at which young children begin to make moral discriminations ab [#permalink]
minustark wrote:
Question 3 ...answer should be B and 4 ....answer should be A.


Agree, answer for Q3 should be B and answer for Q4 should be A

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Originally posted by vv65 on 23 Sep 2020, 20:02.
Last edited by vv65 on 23 Sep 2020, 23:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The age at which young children begin to make moral discriminations ab [#permalink]
1
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minustark wrote:
Question 3 ...answer should be B and 4 ....answer should be A.


Awesome. That means I actually got them correct. Something seemed funny....

That last question, answer B, seems like one of those traps where they want you to fall in. It uses the same defined words, but in the wrong way. It didn’t seem like it could be correct.

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Re: The age at which young children begin to make moral discriminations ab [#permalink]
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Re: The age at which young children begin to make moral discriminations ab [#permalink]
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