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The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca

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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2016, 02:41
ShubhanshuPandey wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing have been relaxed.

A. The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing have been relaxed.

B. The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like those caused by faulty wiring, have increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

C. The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number caused by faulty wiring, have increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

D. The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing had been relaxed.

E. The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

Spoiler: :: OE
The original sentence contains several errors. First, it is incorrect to refer to "the
amount of car accidents" because "amount of" is used only with uncountable
quantities, such as “amount of salt.” Since accidents are countable, the correct
quantity reference is "the number of car accidents." Second, the original sentence
compares “the amount of accidents” to “accidents caused by faulty wiring.” The
correct (i.e., logically and structurally parallel) comparison is between the number of
one type of accident and the number of another type of accident. Third, the present
perfect "have been relaxed" is incorrectly used. This action occurred exclusively in the
past, so the simple past "were relaxed" is needed.
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) First, it is incorrect to refer to "the amount of car accidents" because "amount of"
is used only with uncountable quantities, such as “amount of salt.” Since accidents
are countable, the correct quantity reference is "the number of car accidents."
Second, this choice compares “the amount of accidents” to “accidents caused by
faulty wiring.” The correct (i.e., logically and structurally parallel) comparison is
between the number of one type of accident and the number of another type of
accident. Finally, the antecedent of the plural pronoun “those” is ambiguous: it could
refer to “car accidents” or “faulty brakes.”
(C) The plural verb “have increased” does not agree with the singular subject “the
number.”
(D) This choice compares “the number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes” to
“accidents caused by faulty wiring.” The correct (i.e., logically and structurally parallel)
comparison is between “the number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes” to “the
number of car accidents caused by faulty wiring.” Third, the past perfect "had been
relaxed" can only be correctly used to indicate that the regulations were relaxed prior
to some other action in the past. In this sentence, there is no other past action, so the
use of the past perfect tense cannot be justified and the simple past "were relaxed"
should be used instead.
(E) CORRECT. “The number” is correctly used to refer to car accidents, a countable
quantity. Also, a logically and structurally parallel comparison is made between “the
number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes” to “the number caused by faulty
wiring.” Finally, this choice uses the correct simple past “were relaxed.”




HI, I am confused with "the Number of", which is always plural. So, why C is not correct ?



The number of = singular.
A number of = plural
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2018, 09:56
Hello mikemcgarry,
Need your HELP again...

A and B out (amount of)
C is out (Has increased not Have)

But between D and E, I know that HAD is wrong, but is WERE correct?
and in D is this a correct comparison "The number of car accidents...., like accidents caused....." (As an instructor from Manhattan Considered is Wrong!)
in E is this comparison correct "The number of car accidents caused...., like the number caused....." To me, the number isn't caused rather accidents are caused. Or is there any omitting words?

Please explain.
Respect....
-Nahid
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2018, 16:29
nahid78 wrote:
Hello mikemcgarry,
Need your HELP again...

A and B out (amount of)
C is out (Has increased not Have)

But between D and E, I know that HAD is wrong, but is WERE correct?
and in D is this a correct comparison "The number of car accidents...., like accidents caused....." (As an instructor from Manhattan Considered is Wrong!)
in E is this comparison correct "The number of car accidents caused...., like the number caused....." To me, the number isn't caused rather accidents are caused. Or is there any omitting words?

Please explain.
Respect....
-Nahid


Hi Nahid!

Carolyn from Magoosh here -- I can jump in for Mike :-)

In choice E) the "were" is correct: since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

And with E), we just have a case of words omitted :-) The full version would be:

The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number of car accidents caused by faulty wiring

So we are correctly comparing "number of car accidents caused by X" to "number of car accidents caused by Y". Since "of car accidents" would be repeated, it's fine to omit it :-)

Hope that helps! :-)
-Carolyn
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2018, 23:37
[quote="souvik101990"]The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing have been relaxed.

A. The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing have been relaxed.

B. The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like those caused by faulty wiring, have increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

C. The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number caused by faulty wiring, have increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

D. The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing had been relaxed.

E. The number of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like the number caused by faulty wiring, has increased significantly since regulations on manufacturing were relaxed.

POE 1: The Amount Vs. The Number: Since car accidents is countable, we will have to use The Number of. - A & B are gone.
POE 2: Use of "had been relaxed" in option D is wrong. No Simple past present there. We dont need past participle tense. - D is out.
POE3: One thing to remember: :
The number of Xs - Always singular &
a number of Xs - Always plural.
Usage of have in C is SV mimatch.
E is the answer.
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Re: The amount of car accidents caused by faulty brakes, like accidents ca &nbs [#permalink] 24 Jul 2018, 23:37

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