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# The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise

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The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 14 Apr 2019, 09:53
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 142, Date : 12-APR-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details

The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterised by inconsistencies in the values and behaviour of its population. These inconsistencies were reflected by its spokesmen who took conflicting stances in many areas; but on the subject of race, the conflicts were particularly vivid. The idea that the Caucasian race and the European civilisation were superior was well ingrained in the culture of the colonists at the very time that the “egalitarian” republic was founded. Voluminous historical evidence suggests that, the average colonist thought the African as a heathen, he was black, and he was different in crucial philosophical ways. As time progressed, he was also increasingly taken captive, adding to the conception of deviance. The African, therefore, could be justifiably, even philanthropically treated as property according to the reasoning of slave traders and slaveholders.

Although slaves were treated as objects, abundant evidence suggests that they themselves didn’t subscribe to this view. There are many published autobiographies of slaves; African- American scholars are beginning to know enough about West African culture, to appreciate the existential climate in which the early captives were raised and which thus could not be totally destroyed by the enslavement experience. The climate was one that defined the individual in collective terms. Individuals were members of a tribe, within which they had predetermined roles to play depending on the history of their family within the tribe. Individuals were intrinsically a part of the natural elements on which they depended, and they were actively related to those tribal members who once lived and to those not yet born.

The colonial plantation system that was established and forced upon the Africans virtually eliminated tribal affiliations. Individuals were separated from kin; interrelationships among kin kept together were often transient because of sales. A new identification with the slaves working and living together in a given place would satisfy what was undoubtedly a natural tendency to be a member of a group. New family units became the most important attachments of individual slaves. Thus, as the system of slavery was gradually institutionalised, West African affiliation tendencies adapted to it.

This highly complex dual influence is still reflected in black community life, and the double consciousness of black Americans is the major characteristic of African-American mentality. Dubois articulated this divided consciousness as follows: The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife – this yearning to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double-self into a better and truer self. In this amalgamation, he wishes neither of the older selves to be the best.

Several black political movements have looked upon this duality as destructively conflicted and have vigorously urged its reconciliation. Thus, the integrationists and the black nationalists, to be crudely general, have both been concerned with the resolution of this conflict, though in opposite directions.

1. Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage?

A. Slavery: A Democratic Anomaly
B. The History of Black People in the United States
C. The Origin of Modern African-American Consciousness
D. The Legacy of Slavery: A Modern Nation Divided
E. The rise of the Africans

2. In the context of the passage ‘heathen’ means:

A. Indifferent
B. Godless
C. Religious
D. Destitute
E. Neophyte

3. The tone of the passage could be best described as:

A. caustic and humorous
B. critical and argumentative
C. analytical and neutral
D. impassioned and angry
E. cynical and didactic

4. The author puts the word egalitarian (in the first paragraph) in quotation marks to:

A. emphasize his admiration for the early Americans.
B. ridicule the idea of democracy.
C. remind the reader of the principles of the new nation.
D. underscore the fact that equality did not extend to everyone.
E. prove that equality was the need of the hour

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Originally posted by 14101992 on 30 Apr 2017, 11:06.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 14 Apr 2019, 09:53, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise  [#permalink]

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10 May 2017, 21:52
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Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise  [#permalink]

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14 May 2017, 08:48
I did not understand the ans of question 2 and 3... Can anybody please explain? Moreover, the passage does not seem to be modern GMAT like passage.... The questions seem less analytical and more abstract.
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Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise  [#permalink]

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14 May 2017, 20:01
Question 2 is a vocabulary based question. I doubt one would see this exact kinda question on GMAT. The question expects some one to know close-enough meaning of the word "Heathen". Vocab based questions are meant for words that are generally well known [this is relative and differs from person to person's vocabulary knowledge ] and answer can be deduced reading the context around the word. Here, the same is not apparent. One can use POE but that's a little far-fetched.

Question 3: I still think answer to this should be C and not B. Could some one please reconfirm this ?
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Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise  [#permalink]

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20 May 2017, 13:08
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Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise  [#permalink]

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23 May 2017, 00:19
1
TheMechanic wrote:
Question 2 is a vocabulary based question. I doubt one would see this exact kinda question on GMAT. The question expects some one to know close-enough meaning of the word "Heathen". Vocab based questions are meant for words that are generally well known [this is relative and differs from person to person's vocabulary knowledge ] and answer can be deduced reading the context around the word. Here, the same is not apparent. One can use POE but that's a little far-fetched.

Question 3: I still think answer to this should be C and not B. Could some one please reconfirm this ?

Ditto on question 3. The passage does not come across as critical or argumentative in any way. The introduction and conclusion make no attempt to support a particular view or criticize an alternative view. Seems to be more of a discussion rather than a critique. Can someone please verify?
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Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise  [#permalink]

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26 May 2017, 23:46
Question 3: I think answer C sounds more reasonable than B. The passage is likely to be written from more of a neutral view rather than from a critique view .Could some one please explain this:?
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Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2018, 21:15
14101992 wrote:
The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterised by inconsistencies in the values and behaviour of its population. These inconsistencies were reflected by its spokesmen who took conflicting stances in many areas; but on the subject of race, the conflicts were particularly vivid. The idea that the Caucasian race and the European civilisation were superior was well ingrained in the culture of the colonists at the very time that the “egalitarian” republic was founded. Voluminous historical evidence suggests that, the average colonist thought the African as a heathen, he was black, and he was different in crucial philosophical ways. As time progressed, he was also increasingly taken captive, adding to the conception of deviance. The African, therefore, could be justifiably, even philanthropically treated as property according to the reasoning of slave traders and slaveholders.

Although slaves were treated as objects, abundant evidence suggests that they themselves didn’t subscribe to this view. There are many published autobiographies of slaves; African- American scholars are beginning to know enough about West African culture, to appreciate the existential climate in which the early captives were raised and which thus could not be totally destroyed by the enslavement experience. The climate was one that defined the individual in collective terms. Individuals were members of a tribe, within which they had predetermined roles to play depending on the history of their family within the tribe. Individuals were intrinsically a part of the natural elements on which they depended, and they were actively related to those tribal members who once lived and to those not yet born.

The colonial plantation system that was established and forced upon the Africans virtually eliminated tribal affiliations. Individuals were separated from kin; interrelationships among kin kept together were often transient because of sales. A new identification with the slaves working and living together in a given place would satisfy what was undoubtedly a natural tendency to be a member of a group. New family units became the most important attachments of individual slaves. Thus, as the system of slavery was gradually institutionalised, West African affiliation tendencies adapted to it.

This highly complex dual influence is still reflected in black community life, and the double consciousness of black Americans is the major characteristic of African-American mentality. Dubois articulated this divided consciousness as follows: The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife – this yearning to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double-self into a better and truer self. In this amalgamation, he wishes neither of the older selves to be the best.

Several black political movements have looked upon this duality as destructively conflicted and have vigorously urged its reconciliation. Thus, the integrationists and the black nationalists, to be crudely general, have both been concerned with the resolution of this conflict, though in opposite directions.

1. Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage?

A. Slavery: A Democratic Anomaly
B. The History of Black People in the United States
C. The Origin of Modern African-American Consciousness
D. The Legacy of Slavery: A Modern Nation Divided
E. The rise of the Africans

2. In the context of the passage ‘heathen’ means:

A. Indifferent
B. Godless
C. Religious
D. Destitute
E. Neophyte

3. The tone of the passage could be best described as:

A. caustic and humorous
B. critical and argumentative
C. analytical and neutral
D. impassioned and angry
E. cynical and didactic

4. The author puts the word egalitarian (in the first paragraph) in quotation marks to:

A. emphasize his admiration for the early Americans.
B. ridicule the idea of democracy.
C. remind the reader of the principles of the new nation.
D. underscore the fact that equality did not extend to everyone.
E. prove that equality was the need of the hour

workout Can you please format the question.
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Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2018, 07:05
Can someone please explain questions 1 2 and 3

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Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise  [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2019, 09:54
+1 Kudos to posts containing answer explanation of all questions
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Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise  [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2019, 16:01
+1 Kudos to posts containing answer explanation of all questions

BROTHER THIS PASSAGE IS QUITE CONTROVERSIAL. COULD YOU KINDLY POST SOLUTIONS??? EXPLANATIONS I MEAN.
Re: The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise   [#permalink] 20 Apr 2019, 16:01
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# The beginning of what was to become the United States was characterise

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