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The Classical Greeks provided a tradition which enshrined at least thr

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The Classical Greeks provided a tradition which enshrined at least thr  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Oct 2019, 09:23
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 403, Date: 21-Oct-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


The Classical Greeks provided a tradition which enshrined at least three things which have played decisive roles in the story and in the West's sense of itself.

The first is a spirit of individual self-assertion, the notion that the best, most beautiful, and most worthy lives are those lived in a spirit of individual competition. To live the good life, according to this Greek tradition, one must assert one's own individual excellence to the full, and that is best carried on in an ongoing climate of restless competition: intellectual, artistic, materialistic, athletic, and military rivalry. As a result of this Greek influence, Western traditions have, especially in recent centuries, had a much more pronounced emphasis on individual achievement and the self-realized life in competition than have other cultures.

A second important tradition derived from the Greeks is the concept of democracy as the basis for political order. This idea, combined with the Roman tradition of republican government, has been a major inspiration for the often violent evolution of democracy in modern western states, since it provided a model for political life entirely different from the aristocratic old order ruling Europe.

The third important notion which the West derived from the Greeks was the spatial understanding of nature, the idea that the proper way to understand the natural world was not through history and historical destiny but through visual art and, above all, through mathematics, through geometry. By initiating this tradition, the Greeks laid the groundwork for a way of thinking which was eventually to give the Western world not only its greatest artistic inspiration but also the physical power it needed to match its aggressive expansionist spirit, the power of science. Other civilizations were much more advanced in mathematics than the Greeks and had astronomical traditions very much older, but such people did not apply their understanding of geometry to an understanding of the world; that is, they did not use mathematical models to arrive at an explanation of how nature worked.


1. All of the following are inferred by the passage EXCEPT

(A) The Greeks provided the Western world with the power of applied science.
(B) The Greek concept of democracy differed significantly from the system of rule in Europe that proceeded modern western states.
(C) The Greeks used their superior mathematical knowledge to dominate less advanced civilizations.
(D) Greek influence has led to a spirit of individual competition in western tradition.
(E) Greeks did not attempt to understand nature through the study of history.



2. The tone of the passage can best be described as

(A) confident and optimistic
(B) explicative and interested
(C) discouraged and alarmed
(D) scientific and detached
(E) callous and indifferent



3. According to the passage, the spirit of Greek self-assertion would deem which of the following occupations as the most worthy?

(A) a Buddhist monk
(B) a college professor
(C) a catholic priest
(D) a professional athlete
(E) a mathematician



4. Which one of the following best expresses the main point of the passage?

(A) The Greeks applied their understanding of mathematics to the world around them.
(B) The culture of the Classical Greeks shaped many of the western traditions that followed it.
(C) Individual self-assertion was a Greek notion that led to competition as a way of life.
(D) The Greeks believed in democracy as the basis for political order.
(E) The expansionist spirit of the Greeks led to their eventual replacement by modern western cultures



Spoiler: :: OE
QUESTION- 1 The passage states that other civilizations were much more advanced in mathematics than the Greeks. Thus, it was not superior mathematical knowledge that allowed Greeks to dominate, but rather the application of their less advanced mathematical knowledge to an understanding of nature. Choice C contradicts the passage and is the best choice.

QUESTION- 2 The tone is not callous or discouraged, so eliminate choices E and C. The passage is not delivered in a detached tone listing data and figures. There is nothing in the text of the passage to indicate confidence or optimism on the part of the author. Instead, the author uses colorful adjectives and attempts to keep the passage interesting. Thus, choice B is the best choice.

QUESTION- 3 The second paragraph indicates that the Greek spirit of self-assertion deems lives that are lived in restless competition the most worthy. The occupation that best represents a life of restless competition is a professional athlete. Choice D is the best answer choice.

QUESTION- 4 While several choices are in fact stated by the passage, the main point of the passage is summarized in the first sentence. The traditions (culture) of the Greeks played a decisive role (shaped) in the story of the West. Choice B is the correct choice.

Originally posted by shridhar786 on 21 Oct 2019, 07:26.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 21 Oct 2019, 09:23, edited 1 time in total.
Updated - Complete topic (1086).
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New post 21 Oct 2019, 07:38
1
1) C - No where it's mentioned that Greeks used to dominate other civilization by knowledge of Maths, it's just that they give the whole world a basis to use mathematical model to analyze nature
2)B - Author is explaining everything properly and is interested to show that how Greeks influenced the western tradition.
3)D- Athlete per the lines mentioned in the first para :
"To live the good life, according to this Greek tradition, one must assert one's own individual excellence to the full, and that is best carried on in an ongoing climate of restless competition: intellectual, artistic, materialistic, athletic, and military rivalry"
4)B-The culture of the Classical Greeks shaped many of the western traditions that followed it.(Properly summarizing the idea of the passage, since other options in the question show the individual theories given in the subsequent paragraphs)

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New post 21 Oct 2019, 09:23
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Re: The Classical Greeks provided a tradition which enshrined at least thr  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2019, 19:46
1
1. All of the following are inferred by the passage EXCEPT

(A) The Greeks provided the Western world with the power of applied science. - stated in last para
(B) The Greek concept of democracy differed significantly from the system of rule in Europe that proceeded modern western states. - stated in 3rd para
(C) The Greeks used their superior mathematical knowledge to dominate less advanced civilizations. - Out of scope
(D) Greek influence has led to a spirit of individual competition in western tradition. - stated in 2nd para
(E) Greeks did not attempt to understand nature through the study of history. - stated in last para

2. The tone of the passage can best be described as

The passage is neutral,so

(A) confident and optimistic - out of scope
(B) explicative and interested -POE
(C) discouraged and alarmed - not negative
(D) scientific and detached - not scientific
(E) callous and indifferent - out of scope

3. According to the passage, the spirit of Greek self-assertion would deem which of the following occupations as the most worthy?

This line should give the answer
"that is best carried on in an ongoing climate of restless competition: intellectual, artistic, materialistic, athletic, and military rivalry"

(A) a Buddhist monk - out of scope
(B) a college professor - not stated
(C) a catholic priest- not stated
(D) a professional athlete
(E) a mathematician - out of scope

4. Which one of the following best expresses the main point of the passage?

(A) The Greeks applied their understanding of mathematics to the world around them. - not the main point
(B) The culture of the Classical Greeks shaped many of the western traditions that followed it. - POE
(C) Individual self-assertion was a Greek notion that led to competition as a way of life. - not the main point
(D) The Greeks believed in democracy as the basis for political order. - not the main point
(E) The expansionist spirit of the Greeks led to their eventual replacement by modern western cultures - out of scope
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Re: The Classical Greeks provided a tradition which enshrined at least thr   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2019, 19:46
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