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The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as

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The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2015, 00:28
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A
B
C
D
E

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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (01:30) correct 31% (01:39) wrong based on 463 sessions

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The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking will create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that last a lifetime, which are difficult to treat.


A. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking will create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that last a lifetime, which are difficult to treat.

B. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors like obesity and smoking create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that lasts a lifetime and are difficult to treat.

C. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking creates epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that lasts a lifetime and are difficult to treat.

D. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking will create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that last a lifetime and are difficult to treat.

E. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors like obesity and smoking create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that lasts a lifetime and are difficult to treat.
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Re: The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2015, 04:03
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This will make a very poor example of a GMAT question, logically speaking in these days of significant stress on meaning clarity. First of all, obesity is not an adverse behavior; It is a condition caused by an over-weight of the body; Secondly to state that the combination old age and such adverse conditions will create( meaning certainly) diseases is untenable. One might at best say ‘may create’. Then these diseases are not called epidemics. An epidemic is one that is caused by a fast spreading infection and one that affects a large number of people at the same time. The diseases that the text mentions are called life-style diseases. One of them, the heart failure is not ever - lasting but instantly- killing.
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New post 11 Sep 2015, 04:13
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Explanation inline...


The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking will create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that last a lifetime, which are difficult to treat.


A. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking will create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that last a lifetime, which are difficult to treat. => "which" modifies lifetime. Incorrect. It should modify the diseases.

B. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors like obesity and smoking create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that lasts a lifetime and are difficult to treat. => changes the meaning with "create". The original sentence says that it will create. (B) says that they regularly do create. Also, use of "create" is wrong. Should be creates as it talks about the "combination".

C. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking creates epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that lasts a lifetime and are difficult to treat. => same as above. Creates instead of will create.

D. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking will create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that last a lifetime and are difficult to treat. => difficulty of treating and lasting a lifetime correctly modify the diseases. Will create preserves meaning. Create correctly modifies the combination.

E. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors like obesity and smoking create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that lasts a lifetime and are difficult to treat. => incomplete sentence stub.
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Re: The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2016, 10:19
HardWorkBeatsAll wrote:
Explanation inline...


The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking will create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that last a lifetime, which are difficult to treat.


A. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking will create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that last a lifetime, which are difficult to treat. => "which" modifies lifetime. Incorrect. It should modify the diseases.

B. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors like obesity and smoking create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that lasts a lifetime and are difficult to treat. => changes the meaning with "create". The original sentence says that it will create. (B) says that they regularly do create. Also, use of "create" is wrong. Should be creates as it talks about the "combination".

C. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking creates epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that lasts a lifetime and are difficult to treat. => same as above. Creates instead of will create.

D. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking will create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that last a lifetime and are difficult to treat. => difficulty of treating and lasting a lifetime correctly modify the diseases. Will create preserves meaning. Create correctly modifies the combination.

E. The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors like obesity and smoking create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that lasts a lifetime and are difficult to treat. => incomplete sentence stub.


Good Explanation............

And we can eliminate by using Such as/ Like...

It has to be 'Such as' because obesity and smoking are given as an examples in the sentence. So B and E are out...

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Re: The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2016, 09:19
'such as' vs 'like' split

such as is used for examples therefore , choice B & E out.

C is out as it uses lasts singular verb form .

between A and D , in A 'which' refers to lifetime (wrong in meaning)

D is better constructed , correct choice.
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Re: The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2016, 16:19
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Can someone please explain what is the subject -verb pair in this question. I thought combination is the subject and that's singular so CREATES would be the verb.

Combination of aging and adverse lifestyle ( i thougth of aging and lifestyle are in prepositional phrase)
Please clear this doubt.

Thanks
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New post 18 Aug 2016, 22:00
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The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as obesity and smoking will create epidemics of diabetes, heart failure, and other diseases that last a lifetime and are difficult to treat. => difficulty of treating and lasting a lifetime correctly modify the diseases. Will create preserves meaning. Create correctly modifies the combination.
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Re: The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2016, 09:57
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As an absolute rule for subject-verb agreement always remember the moment "and" is used to present a list "x and y" ,plurality is introduced in the sentence. Any sentence having "x, y and z" or "x and y" will always be plural. However do take care to see the function of "and" because apart from introducing list "and" is also used as a conjunction.


DaenerysStormborn wrote:
Can someone please explain what is the subject -verb pair in this question. I thought combination is the subject and that's singular so CREATES would be the verb.

Combination of aging and adverse lifestyle ( i thougth of aging and lifestyle are in prepositional phrase)
Please clear this doubt.

Thanks

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Re: The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2018, 03:51
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Why option B & E are same?
Indeed a very poor example for GMAT :P
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Re: The combination of an aging population and adverse behaviors such as   [#permalink] 23 Aug 2018, 03:51
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