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The debate over the extent of regulation needed over Internet provider

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New post 21 Nov 2014, 05:04
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The debate over the extent of regulation needed over Internet providers became more heated when, in 2005, the FCC determined that DSL services (technologies that use local telephone networks to transmit digital data) would no longer be controlled by common carrier regulations, but by "net neutrality principles." Net neutrality is a phrase that once applied to technical matters regarding the preference given to data applications over voice and video applications on the Internet, but is now used more broadly to stand for a general evenhandedness when it comes to how network operators (telecommunication firms and cable companies) interact with the content providers who use the networks. Most people take for granted that the network operators have no reason to favor one content provider or Web site over another. If only for practical reasons, however, discrimination of this sort can take place. In order to manage the limited amount of available bandwidth, an operator might slow down a site that uses "too much" bandwidth. Proponents of net neutrality believe that this is unfair, and that limiting bandwidth can be accomplished on the user side, as is done in Australia, without directly punishing the provider.

Interestingly, the battle cry of innovation is heard from both proponents and opponents of net neutrality. Proponents believe that favoring certain applications can slow the adoption of newer, better ones. Even the World Wide Web itself might have been adopted sooner if not for the preference shown for Gopher, a network protocol that preceded the Web. Opponents claim that discrimination of this sort is unavoidable but benign; some packets of information have different latency requirements and must therefore be handled differently. The way to spur innovation, they say, is to minimize government interference, let telecoms and cable companies do what they do best—provide improved products at competitive prices—and let the market separate the winners from the losers.

Currently, the FCC can levy substantial fines for the abuse of the net neutrality principles. It remains to be seen whether the threat of these fines will be enough to ensure that the Internet will be perceived as a level playing field for providers and end users alike.


Q1 : The primary purpose of the passage is to _______.

a) argue for the expected effectiveness of a change in how the Internet is regulated
b) discuss some of the issues surrounding a controversial subject
c) elaborate on the technical matters relating to an issue that affects telecommunication companies
d) speculate on the future of an industry
e) summarize the legal arguments surrounding a hotly debated topic






Q2: According to the passage, proponents of net neutrality _______.

a) want network providers to give preference to data applications
b) were opposed to the FCC ruling that put an end to DSL services being controlled by common carrier regulations
c) have been successful in affecting policy in Australia
d) believe that it is acceptable to place limits on band width
e) are currently in favor of increasing regulatory limits on content providers




Q3 :According to the passage, some people believe that latency requirements _______.

a) tend to affect data applications more than video applications
b) were not an issue with Gopher
c) are an excuse for bandwidth discrimination
d) can slow innovation
e) are an unnecessary obstacle to making the Internet a level playing field




Q4: Which of the following best describes the author’s attitude toward the FCC’s decision?

a) Alarmed, but open-minded
b) Distrustful of both sides of the issue
c) Optimistic regarding the intent of the decision
d) Somewhat enthusiastic
e) Generally objective, though cautious




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Re: The debate over the extent of regulation needed over Internet provider  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2015, 03:43
Bumping an old topic but hopefully someone will help out...

Can someone please explain why 2nd question OA is D? My view: the net neutrality means the ISP is not allowed to do bandwidth balancing by favouring one content over the other. How could the proponents than be for placing limits on bandwidth?

thanks!
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Re: The debate over the extent of regulation needed over Internet provider  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2015, 12:19
ProblemChild wrote:
Bumping an old topic but hopefully someone will help out...

Can someone please explain why 2nd question OA is D? My view: the net neutrality means the ISP is not allowed to do bandwidth balancing by favouring one content over the other. How could the proponents than be for placing limits on bandwidth?

thanks!


I have the same doubt. Experts please help!
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Re: The debate over the extent of regulation needed over Internet provider  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2015, 21:33
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Mechmeera wrote:
ProblemChild wrote:
Bumping an old topic but hopefully someone will help out...

Can someone please explain why 2nd question OA is D? My view: the net neutrality means the ISP is not allowed to do bandwidth balancing by favouring one content over the other. How could the proponents than be for placing limits on bandwidth?

thanks!


I have the same doubt. Experts please help!



--
Proponents of net neutrality believe that this is unfair, and that limiting bandwidth can be accomplished on the user side, as is done in Australia, without directly punishing the provider.

The above statement from the passage implies that it's okay according to the Proponents of net neutrality to limit bandwidth, but not by ISPs but at End USer level.
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Re: The debate over the extent of regulation needed over Internet provider  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2015, 07:46
My answer is :-
1-c
2-d
3-c
4-c
Please, let me know the correct answer of this RC.

Thanks.
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New post 17 Oct 2015, 07:54
sumitsinha4u wrote:
My answer is :-
1-c
2-d
3-c
4-c
Please, let me know the correct answer of this RC.

Thanks.


please click on the link below each question to know its correct answer by individual basis.
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Re: The debate over the extent of regulation needed over Internet provider  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2016, 08:50
I can't understand why the answer to question 3 is C... I'd really appreciate an explanation...
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Re: The debate over the extent of regulation needed over Internet provider  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2017, 14:03
Can somebody explain Q1? Why B?
B says the paragraph discuss some ISSUES but what are the issues? The paragraph is mainly about the arguments between proponents and opponents of Net Neutrality Principles
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Re: The debate over the extent of regulation needed over Internet provider  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2017, 07:56
ProblemChild wrote:
Bumping an old topic but hopefully someone will help out...

Can someone please explain why 2nd question OA is D? My view: the net neutrality means the ISP is not allowed to do bandwidth balancing by favouring one content over the other. How could the proponents than be for placing limits on bandwidth?

thanks!



The key thing to realize here is that supporters of net neutrality do not want network operators to dictate terms to content providers. Look at the last two sentences of the first paragraph: In order to manage the limited amount of available bandwidth, an operator might slow down a site that uses "too much" bandwidth. Proponents of net neutrality believe that this is unfair, and that limiting bandwidth can be accomplished on the user side, as is done in Australia, without directly punishing the provider.

You saw, correctly, that the first sentence reveals that net neutrality supporters do not want operators to be able to limit available bandwidth. But the seconds sentence reveals that they believe that limiting bandwidth can be achieved in another way:limiting bandwidth can be accomplished on the user side... So they aren't opposed to limited bandwidth, per se, they're just opposed to operators doing the limiting. Apparently, so long as limited bandwidth is imposed on the user side, they're fine with it.
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New post 10 Jul 2017, 07:59
JohnM wrote:
I can't understand why the answer to question 3 is C... I'd really appreciate an explanation...
TIA



The bandwidth discrimination alluded to in answer choice C is referenced in this line: Opponents claim that discrimination of this sort is unavoidable but benign; some packets of information have different latency requirements and must therefore be handled differently.
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Re: The debate over the extent of regulation needed over Internet provider  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2017, 08:02
lehieu30794 wrote:
Can somebody explain Q1? Why B?
B says the paragraph discuss some ISSUES but what are the issues? The paragraph is mainly about the arguments between proponents and opponents of Net Neutrality Principles


The arugment is based on a topic where proponents and opponents are arguing over a change, there are no legal arguments, there is no discussion of any kind of effectiveness, by which we can safely eliminate options A and E.Technical matters and future of a particular industry are OOS as they are not discussed anywhere in paasage.So, by POE answer is B.
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Re: The debate over the extent of regulation needed over Internet provider   [#permalink] 10 Jul 2017, 08:02
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