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The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi

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The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 30 Nov 2017, 23:47
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A
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 106
Page: 668

The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billion in potential losses on foreign loans could mean less lending by commercial banks to developing countries and increasing the pressure on multigovernment lenders to supply the funds.

(A) increasing the pressure
(B) the increasing pressure
(C) increased pressure
(D) the pressure increased
(E) the pressure increasing

Originally posted by rohansherry on 23 Aug 2009, 12:37.
Last edited by hazelnut on 30 Nov 2017, 23:47, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2012, 02:00
5
1
The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billion in potential losses on foreign loans could mean less lending by commercial banks to developing countries and increasing the pressure on multigovernment lenders to supply the funds.

thus the reduced stem appears to be :

the decision could mean.....................Less lending.(X)....................AND...................Increasing the pressure(Y)

Now X & Y = Should be parallel

less ( adjective ) = what can it modify, Nouns : thus lending is a noun form ( the Form is, verb + ing = verbal functioning as noun ) ========== Less modifies Lending (verbal) : LESS LENDING

Sly, pressure ( noun) & increased (Adjective ) ======= increased modifies pressure ( noun) : INCREASED PRESSURE

thus C perfectly fits the bill : X = less lending & Y = increased pressure ============= Parallel

Leading to c = my take
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2009, 12:41
I think C is the answer. I am not sure about explanation but this option sounds appropriate
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2009, 14:34
rohansherry wrote:
106. The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billion in potential losses on foreign loans
could mean less lending by commercial banks to developing countries and increasing the pressure on multigovernment lenders to supply the funds.

(A) increasing the pressure
(B) the increasing pressure
(C) increased pressure
(D) the pressure increased
(E) the pressure increasing

OA C. Though i agree with C but need some valid points to dicard B..PLs comment


C. Thats llism - "less lending by commercial banks to developing countries" and "increased pressure on multigovernment lenders to supply the funds"

"the increasing pressure" in B alters the meaning of the sentence.
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2009, 14:34
I agree C sounds better


could mean less lending by commercial banks to developing countries and increasing the pressure on
multigovernment lenders to supply the funds

If you remove coloured part , you can see that the increasing preassure does not make sense
could mean less lending by the increasing pressure on
multigovernment lenders to supply the funds
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2010, 05:30
Can someone please explain why A is a bad choice?

increasing (adj) the pressure (n) parallels with less (adj) lending (n)
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2011, 22:07
Ekin4112 wrote:
Can someone please explain why A is a bad choice?

increasing (adj) the pressure (n) parallels with less (adj) lending (n)


Too late...but still wanted to post my response:

The given statement says the back action COULD MEAN SOMETHING. This something must be noun.

Now we have pressure with an adjective 'increase'. To get a noun from these 2 words, we need to arrive at a gerund which is nothing but 'increased pressure'.

'increasing pressure' does not act as a noun.
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2012, 07:25
GMAT TIGER wrote:
rohansherry wrote:
106. The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billion in potential losses on foreign loans
could mean less lending by commercial banks to developing countries and increasing the pressure on multigovernment lenders to supply the funds.

(A) increasing the pressure
(B) the increasing pressure
(C) increased pressure
(D) the pressure increased
(E) the pressure increasing

OA C. Though i agree with C but need some valid points to dicard B..PLs comment


C. Thats llism - "less lending by commercial banks to developing countries" and "increased pressure on multigovernment lenders to supply the funds"

"the increasing pressure" in B alters the meaning of the sentence.



Hi sir,

Here increasing pressure is present participle. Why should we use increased pressure which reflects completed action.

Please clarify.
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2012, 08:37
I'm going to have to go with C.

less lending by commercial banks to developing countries and increased pressure on multigovernment lenders sounds about right.

the-decision-by-one-of-the-nations-largest-banks-to-admit-to-44537.html

C is the right answer.
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2014, 08:30
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less lending and increasing the pressure

less lending = complex gerund
Increasing pressure = simple gerund.

As per rule mentioned in MGMAT SC chapter 11, such parallelism is not allowed.

Between B and C.

B) the increasing pressure -- complex gerund
C) increased pressure -- action noun

action noun is preferred to complex gerund AND complex gerund || action noun is allowed.

Therefore C is the best answer.
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2015, 22:59
2
Quote:
less lending and increasing the pressure

less lending = complex gerund
Increasing pressure = simple gerund.

As per rule mentioned in MGMAT SC chapter 11, such parallelism is not allowed.

Between B and C.

B) the increasing pressure -- complex gerund
C) increased pressure -- action noun

action noun is preferred to complex gerund AND complex gerund || action noun is allowed.

Therefore C is the best answer.


Elaborating on the explanation, as it is not complete. The issue with option B is - it gives impression of both complex gerund and simple gerund.

If it were "the increasing of pressure" then it would be a perfect complex gerund, but it is not.
If it were "increasing pressure" then it would be a perfect simple gerund, but it is not.

That's why B is wrong.

A is wrong because it is simple gerund and we can't parallel simple gerund with complex gerund (less - adj lending - noun/gerund).

C is action noun and is the correct answer.
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2015, 07:44
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I mark c. this is a question on topic of superficial parallelism, as explained in MGMAT SC guide.
As per the sentence, the nation's largest bank admits ... due to which commercial bankers will lessen lending to other countries.
AND
due to Commercial bankers lessening their loans multigovernment lenders have to increase their loan sanctions.

In C "INCREASING pressure" parallels "at same level" with "less LENDING". This changes the meaning of sentence : The nation's largest bank admits... has two impacts
1. commercial bankers will give less loans.
2. pressure will increase on government lenders.

In D "INCREASED pressure" is at a subordinate level to "less LENDING" . Means : the effect of less lending will be an increase of pressure.
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2016, 06:42
The answer is C. Here "Less lending" seems to be a noun, so as for Parallel Construction goes "increased pressure" matches.
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2016, 00:37
crashVcrush wrote:
The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billion in potential losses on foreign loans could mean less lending by commercial banks to developing countries and increasing the pressure on multigovernment lenders to supply the funds.

thus the reduced stem appears to be :

the decision could mean.....................Less lending.(X)....................AND...................Increasing the pressure(Y)

Now X & Y = Should be parallel

less ( adjective ) = what can it modify, Nouns : thus lending is a noun form ( the Form is, verb + ing = verbal functioning as noun ) ========== Less modifies Lending (verbal) : LESS LENDING

Sly, pressure ( noun) & increased (Adjective ) ======= increased modifies pressure ( noun) : INCREASED PRESSURE

thus C perfectly fits the bill : X = less lending & Y = increased pressure ============= Parallel

Leading to c = my take


yes
lending work as a pure noun because it go with "less"
increasing works as a gerund-doing which have some fuctions of verb and noun- because it has direct object pressure

so, pure noun can not be paralel with gerund. A is wrong.

though gmat sc tests logicness/meaning, we have to admit that sc requires high level of grammar. this question is an example.
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2017, 20:58
Hello Experts,

Please clarify. I am unable to choose between Answer choices A,B and C.

Please explain what is the difference between

(A) increasing the pressure
(B) the increasing pressure
(C) increased pressure

Thankyou
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2017, 04:54
2
saxena21nov wrote:
Hello Experts,

Please clarify. I am unable to choose between Answer choices A,B and C.

Please explain what is the difference between

(A) increasing the pressure
(B) the increasing pressure
(C) increased pressure

Thankyou
Arunabh


A. gerund: preferable when a sense of taking an action is to be conveyed - the action "increasing" is important
B. noun phrase: The noun "pressure" is important. The adjective "increasing" depicts that the increase is continuing to take place.
C. noun phrase: The noun "pressure" is important. The adjective "increased" depicts that the increase has already taken place.
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 04:30
Between A & C, can an expert please share more thoughts?
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Re: The decision by one of the nation's largest banks to admit to $3 billi &nbs [#permalink] 22 Jul 2018, 04:30
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