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# The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig,

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The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2010, 01:32
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

17% (00:53) correct 83% (00:52) wrong based on 621 sessions

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The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, known as “The Iron Horse,” are legendary.

(A) The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, known as “The Iron Horse,” are legendary.
(B) The endurance and consistency of Lou Gehrig, a baseball star known as “The Iron Horse,” is legendary.
(C) Known as “The Iron Horse,” the endurance and consistency of Lou Gehrig, the baseball star, is legendary.
(D) The reason baseball star Lou Gehrig is known as “The Iron Horse” is because of his legendary endurance and consistency.
(E) Known as “The Iron Horse,” baseball star Lou Gehrig’s endurance and consistency are legendary

Then in the next question, i faced the similar scenario

The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

Why is 'has' used here? I an unable to understand the funda behind this.....

Kindly clarify
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21 Oct 2010, 12:34
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I think the below might be the reason:

"If the nouns suggest one idea to the mind, or refer to the same person or thing, the verb is singular"
Example: bread and butter is; time and tide waits for no man; the novelist and poet is passed away

Cheers!
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22 Oct 2010, 00:28
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HarishV wrote:
The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, known as “The Iron Horse,” are legendary.

(A) The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, known as “The Iron Horse,” are legendary.
(B) The endurance and consistency of Lou Gehrig, a baseball star known as “The Iron Horse,” is legendary.
(C) Known as “The Iron Horse,” the endurance and consistency of Lou Gehrig, the baseball star, is legendary.
(D) The reason baseball star Lou Gehrig is known as “The Iron Horse” is because of his legendary endurance and consistency.
(E) Known as “The Iron Horse,” baseball star Lou Gehrig’s endurance and consistency are legendary

OA A (agreed two nouns so a plural subject)

Then in the next question, i faced the similar scenario

The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

Why is 'has' used here? I an unable to understand the funda behind this.....

Kindly clarify

Let me try to clarify,

The president and host greet / greets guests.

The correct answer is greets because the president and host both are the same one person, had it been THE president and THE host it would have been plural.

had it been THE increased popularity and THE availability of televisions, plural verb form would have been used instead of singular.

Hope this helps !!
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23 Oct 2010, 00:04
hirendhanak: the answer sounds convincing to me .
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23 Oct 2010, 08:09
hirendhanak wrote:

Let me try to clarify,

The president and host greet / greets guests.

The correct answer is greets because the president and host both are the same one person, had it been THE president and THE host it would have been plural.

had it been THE increased popularity and THE availability of televisions, plural verb form would have been used instead of singular.

Hope this helps !!

@hirendhanak..

So wrt to the second case ...can v say that since v r talking of the increase of 2 items (singular)....hence 'has' is used apart from this reason...I assume this would be the right way to identify the error..
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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2015, 10:46
the answer should be A ; it cant be D ; we are talking about his endurance and consistency 2 things - its A
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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2015, 22:03
rohitkumar77 wrote:
the answer should be A ; it cant be D ; we are talking about his endurance and consistency 2 things - its A

I feel that D is correct grammatically, but it is incorrect here because it changes the meaning of the original sentence.

The original sentence says that Lou Gehrig was known as “The Iron Horse” and his endurance and consistency are legendary.

D says that "because" of his endurance and consistency, Lou Gehrig was known as “The Iron Horse”. This is clearly not the intended meaning of the original sentence.
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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2015, 22:15
Ya, I too agree with the answer choice A.

And when I revealed OA, it's A written there.
Can some one correct the timer's answer setting?
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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2015, 00:17
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Quote:
HarishV wrote:
The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, known as “The Iron Horse,” are legendary.

(A) The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, known as “The Iron Horse,” are legendary.
(B) The endurance and consistency of Lou Gehrig, a baseball star known as “The Iron Horse,” is legendary.
(C) Known as “The Iron Horse,” the endurance and consistency of Lou Gehrig, the baseball star, is legendary.
(D) The reason baseball star Lou Gehrig is known as “The Iron Horse” is because of his legendary endurance and consistency.
(E) Known as “The Iron Horse,” baseball star Lou Gehrig’s endurance and consistency are legendary

OA A (agreed two nouns so a plural subject)

Then in the next question, i faced the similar scenario

The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

Why is 'has' used here? I an unable to understand the funda behind this.....

Both the questions are from the 1000 series, which is legendary for such goof-ups. Pointless trying to go into their concepts.

Sukanayr: Aside the meaning change, choice D is also grammatically incorrect for using the redundant expression ‘The reason …. because’
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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2015, 01:02
daagh wrote:
Sukanayr: Aside the meaning change, choice D is also grammatically incorrect for using the redundant expression ‘The reason …. because’

Thanks for pointing that out. This redundancy was indeed tricky for me to notice.
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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2017, 03:32
HarishV wrote:
The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, known as “The Iron Horse,” are legendary.

(A) The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, known as “The Iron Horse,” are legendary.
(B) The endurance and consistency of Lou Gehrig, a baseball star known as “The Iron Horse,” is legendary.
(C) Known as “The Iron Horse,” the endurance and consistency of Lou Gehrig, the baseball star, is legendary.
(D) The reason baseball star Lou Gehrig is known as “The Iron Horse” is because of his legendary endurance and consistency.
(E) Known as “The Iron Horse,” baseball star Lou Gehrig’s endurance and consistency are legendary

Then in the next question, i faced the similar scenario

The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

Why is 'has' used here? I an unable to understand the funda behind this.....

Kindly clarify

Can someone clarify the difference between the two??

In the first question: "The endurance and consistency" - these are two different features of a sportsman ability and hence plural is justified.
But how about the second i.e "The increased popularity and availability" - aren't they different aspects again? Then why not plural?
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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2017, 04:29
sukanyar wrote:
rohitkumar77 wrote:
the answer should be A ; it cant be D ; we are talking about his endurance and consistency 2 things - its A

I feel that D is correct grammatically, but it is incorrect here because it changes the meaning of the original sentence.

The original sentence says that Lou Gehrig was known as “The Iron Horse” and his endurance and consistency are legendary.

D says that "because" of his endurance and consistency, Lou Gehrig was known as “The Iron Horse”. This is clearly not the intended meaning of the original sentence.

because and reason is redundant.

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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2017, 04:36
HarishV wrote:
The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, known as “The Iron Horse,” are legendary.

(A) The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, known as “The Iron Horse,” are legendary.
(B) The endurance and consistency of Lou Gehrig, a baseball star known as “The Iron Horse,” is legendary.
(C) Known as “The Iron Horse,” the endurance and consistency of Lou Gehrig, the baseball star, is legendary.
(D) The reason baseball star Lou Gehrig is known as “The Iron Horse” is because of his legendary endurance and consistency.
(E) Known as “The Iron Horse,” baseball star Lou Gehrig’s endurance and consistency are legendary

Then in the next question, i faced the similar scenario

The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

Why is 'has' used here? I an unable to understand the funda behind this.....

Kindly clarify

Just to clear the confusion , please note that there are two questions here.
No one is saying that the answer to the first question is D.

Answer to the second question is D.
However since D has been marked as the OA in the timer , it seems as though answer to the first question is marked as D, which is not the case.

The OP just wanted to clear the confusion of singular verb or plural verb.
His main doubt :
How come in the first question( OA = A ) we use the plural " Are " as the verb and in the second question( OA = D ) how come we use the singular " HAS " as the verb.
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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2017, 07:37
Plural or singular:
The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, known as ???The Iron Horse,??? are legendary.

The endurance and consistency: is/are.
E.g: The power and mileage of my new bike is/are great.

I think it should be---is great.

Similarly:
The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig is legendary.

Pl clarify.
thnx.
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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2017, 01:12
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SAHILJPR The correct verb is "are" in both cases, since "and" creates a compound (plural) subject. ("The power and mileage are great.") The only time a compound subject is singular is when we are clearly talking about the combination and not the individual things. For instance, we might say "Peanut butter and jelly is a popular sandwich option." Otherwise, "and" in the subject always means plural.
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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2017, 01:56
DmitryFarber wrote:
SAHILJPR The correct verb is "are" in both cases, since "and" creates a compound (plural) subject. ("The power and mileage are great.") The only time a compound subject is singular is when we are clearly talking about the combination and not the individual things. For instance, we might say "Peanut butter and jelly is a popular sandwich option." Otherwise, "and" in the subject always means plural.

So @DmitryFarber, my question is that in this case.... The increased popularity and availability of television sets has

HERE has is correct because we consider increase popularity and availability as a combination. ( I am asking because this was an official question and this was non underlined portion of sentence)

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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig, [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2018, 11:47
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Quote:
HERE has is correct because we consider increase popularity and availability as a combination. ( I am asking because this was an official question and this was non underlined portion of sentence)

It is not necessary that popularity and availability should be a combination. In some cases, popularity may result in lesser availability. For example Chivas Regal 's Royal Salute produced is a popular Brand but not that easily available in some countries.
Therefore, a plural is the more acceptable verb in the given case.
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Re: The endurance and consistency of baseball star Lou Gehrig,   [#permalink] 06 Jun 2018, 11:47
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