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The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place

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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2018, 02:39
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The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying - Verb-ing modifier saying does not make sense with the previous subject
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say - subject-verb agreement issue
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says - Correct
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying - Parallelism issue - Both X and Y
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says - Parallelism issue ; subject-verb agreement issue

Answer C
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2018, 05:53
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying --Saying is wrongly used. It seems as if the proposal is saying when in fact it's the industry that wants to state its point.
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say --SV disagreement
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says --Correct
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying --Parallelism issue (both on .... and ON ... is correct)
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says --SV disagreement
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The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2018, 05:29
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The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
Saying is a verb+ing modifier modifying the entire clause. This distorts the original meaning of the sentence by saying that it was the EPA proposal which was
saying that "the move will.... ". Instead this sentence should use relative modifier to clarify that it actually the oil industry saying that the move will exacerbate the
nation's fuel economy problems.
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
Plural verb "have" does not agrees with singular subject "proposal".
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
This is the correct answer as it removes the ambiguity regarding who was saying what. It uses correct S-V pair and correct relative pronoun modifier to refer to
oil industry.
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
This option destroys parallelism by not putting a "on" after and to maintain // .
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says
Same mistake as in option D in addition to S-V agreement issue.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2019, 18:51
daagh wrote:
The simple way to approach this is via grammar first, namely the correlative conjunction //ism and then via other errors.
‘Both ---and’ are correlative conjunctions and they should be followed by structurally and logically // parts. If you say ‘both x’, you should also say ‘and y’; On the contrary, if you say both on diesel, you should say ‘and on diesel’. D and E can be eliminated on this score...
2. The subject is proposal; the verb should be has. B is gone.
3. We essentially need the ‘which’ to clearly indicate the oil industry, which is saying whatever it says. On the contrary, A by using the present participle is unable to indicate who is saying that, whether the EPA or the proposal or the Industry. This element of ambiguity belittles Choice A in comparison to C.

---

I probably had a misconception that -ing, as a modifier, can modify only clause. He the subject of the clause is important. Can you please give more explanation on the same. Thanks in advance.
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Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place   [#permalink] 13 Jun 2019, 18:51

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