GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 14 Dec 2018, 04:28

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### GMATbuster's Weekly GMAT Quant Quiz, Tomorrow, Saturday at 9 AM PST

December 14, 2018

December 14, 2018

09:00 AM PST

10:00 AM PST

10 Questions will be posted on the forum and we will post a reply in this Topic with a link to each question. There are prizes for the winners.
• ### Typical Day of a UCLA MBA Student - Recording of Webinar with UCLA Adcom and Student

December 14, 2018

December 14, 2018

10:00 PM PST

11:00 PM PST

Carolyn and Brett - nicely explained what is the typical day of a UCLA student. I am posting below recording of the webinar for those who could't attend this session.

# The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 27 Dec 2009
Posts: 140
The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jan 2010, 10:07
13
39
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:19) correct 39% (01:23) wrong based on 2715 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

Spoiler: :: Doubt
Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4557
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The Environmental Protection Agency s proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Oct 2012, 06:20
23
4
The simple way to approach this is via grammar first, namely the correlative conjunction //ism and then via other errors.
‘Both ---and’ are correlative conjunctions and they should be followed by structurally and logically // parts. If you say ‘both x’, you should also say ‘and y’; On the contrary, if you say both on diesel, you should say ‘and on diesel’. D and E can be eliminated on this score...
2. The subject is proposal; the verb should be has. B is gone.
3. We essentially need the ‘which’ to clearly indicate the oil industry, which is saying whatever it says. On the contrary, A by using the present participle is unable to indicate who is saying that, whether the EPA or the proposal or the Industry. This element of ambiguity belittles Choice A in comparison to C.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

VP
Joined: 24 Aug 2011
Posts: 1396
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.35
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Apr 2014, 09:38
8
2
tinanguyen wrote:
Excuse me, can anyone explain what is the difference between 'which says' and 'saying' in this sentence?

Here Saying is modifying the proposal and it seems that the proposal is saying, which of course is incorrect
Which says correctly points to the Oil Industry, hence the correct option.

Does that clarify?
_________________
##### General Discussion
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Jun 2010
Posts: 299
Schools: IE'14, ISB'14, Kellogg'15
WE 1: 7 Yrs in Automobile (Commercial Vehicle industry)
Re: The Environmental Protection Agency s proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Oct 2012, 06:13
1
2
sanjeebpanda wrote:
80. The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has
sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply
problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

Both X & Y : X & Y should be in parallel form. C & D use this idiom in incorrect form. Both on X and Y (Here on is missing for Y)

Option B: Changes the meaning a little bit and here only engine is mentioned instead of diesel engines. Better to stay with original one. Moreover pronoun "they" dont have any referent.

Option A: use ing-modifier which tends to modify the preceding clause. So the meaning is not clear here.

Option C is correct: which refers to industry and meaning is clear. The proposal has sparked a counter attack by oil industry and the industry says that the move will exacerbate ........problems.
_________________

Regards
SD
-----------------------------
Press Kudos if you like my post.
Debrief 610-540-580-710(Long Journey): http://gmatclub.com/forum/from-600-540-580-710-finally-achieved-in-4th-attempt-142456.html

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4557
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The Environmental Protection Agency s proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 25 Jan 2015, 08:24
12
2
When you use the verb+ing participial modifier, then it is licensed to modify the entire clause that lies before it, not necessarily the noun before it. Structurally, the saying could also be attributed to the EPA’s proposal, which is wrong. That is why we need to fix the noun that is saying something, by the relative pronoun ‘which’; now we can be damn sure, it is the oil Industry which mooted the saying.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Originally posted by daagh on 16 Oct 2012, 00:56.
Last edited by daagh on 25 Jan 2015, 08:24, edited 3 times in total.
Senior Manager
Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
Affiliations: University of Florida
Joined: 09 Jul 2013
Posts: 496
Location: United States (FL)
Schools: UFL (A)
GMAT 1: 600 Q45 V29
GMAT 2: 590 Q35 V35
GMAT 3: 570 Q42 V28
GMAT 4: 610 Q44 V30
GPA: 3.45
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Oct 2013, 22:20
2
Quote:
I have one small doubt , what is the difference between "on both" and "both on" phrases here ???
Are both equivalent ?

If you put the two phrases back to back it may be easier to tell the difference. "....restrictions on both ..." or "....restrictions both on ..." Does one sound more favorable than the other. In all honestly, I could see myself saying both but I went with A. Out of curiosity I looked up the usage of the word "both" and this is what I found.

Position of both

When both refers to the subject of a clause, it can go with the verb. It is put after auxiliary verbs and before other verbs. When there are two auxiliary verbs, both usually goes after the first.

They are both good.
We both want to go.
We have both been invited.
They have both gone home.

Note that these meanings can also be expressed by using the structure both (of) + noun/pronoun.

Both of them are good.
Both of us want to go.
Both of us have been invited.
Both of them have gone home.

Both … and … ------ The same kind of words or expressions usually follow both and and.

She is both beautiful and clever. (adjectives)
She both sings and dances. (verbs)

http://www.perfectyourenglish.com/usage/both.htm

I think the last concept describes what's going on in this question. We have the "both ... and.." construction. In the "both diesel fuel and diesel engines". Based on this, I think the "on both" is preferable to the "both on". When you have a prepositional phrase and the use of "both", you would say, "Bob went inside (on) both the airplane and helicopter" as opposed to "Bob went both inside (on) the airplane and helicopter."

Hope that helps.
Manager
Joined: 04 Apr 2013
Posts: 126
Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Oct 2013, 06:04
2
msand wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

Spoiler: :: Doubt
Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?

msand,

, saying that.... is a present participle or ing modifier after comma

Rule: present participle or ing modifier after comma will always modify both the subject & verb of the preceding clause. So A has incorrect meaning..It seems as if proposal is saying......
_________________

MGMAT1 - 540 ( Trying to improve )

Manager
Joined: 08 Sep 2010
Posts: 61
Re: The Environmental Protection Agency s proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 May 2014, 12:58
1
sanjeebpanda wrote:
80. The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has
sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply
problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

@sanjeebpanda - Please follow the forum rules before posting any questions. You need to underline the sentence correctly for sentence correction questions to avoid any confusion.
Explanation:
"The proposal has sparked" and not "The proposal have sparked". Hence option B and E are out.
Option D - "has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying" Modifier issue + wordiness. Hence incorrect.
Option A - Modifier issue. It seems that the proposal itself saying that move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply. Hence incorrect.
Option C - corrects all the issue. Hence correct.
Hope that helps.
Intern
Joined: 02 Dec 2012
Posts: 18
Re: The Environmental Protection Agency s proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 May 2014, 22:51
sanjeebpanda wrote:
80. The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has
sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply
problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

A: Incorrect. Incorrect placement of ,+ ing modifier changes the meaning to - the proposal to place restrictions is saying that the move will further aggravate the nation's fuel supply issues.
B. Subject verb agreement problem. Singular subject "proposal" requires singular verb "has".
C. Correct. Correct placement of ,+which modifier to mean that the oil industry is saying that the move will further aggravate the nation's fuel supply issues.
D. Parallelism issue with "Both X and Y". Incorrect placement of "saying" ,+ING modifier (same as A)
E. Parallelism issue with "Both X and Y". Subject verb agreement problem. Singular subject "proposal" requires singular verb "has". Ambiguous meaning.
Manager
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 188
Location: India
Schools: IIMC (A)
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GPA: 2.6
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Oct 2014, 03:32
msand wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

Spoiler: :: Doubt
Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?

A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying - It modifies The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say - Proposal is singular
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying - It modifies The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says - Proposal is singular
_________________

Give KUDOS if the post helps you...

Manager
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 69
Schools: Haas '16, AGSM '16
Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Mar 2015, 17:59
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.

A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying

B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say

C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
"has" agree in number with subject "the proposal"
"which says" correctly modify oil industry

D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying

E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says
Director
Joined: 03 Feb 2013
Posts: 850
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.88
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions o  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2015, 00:22
3
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.

A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying saying is a verbing modifier and it attaches to the subject of the previous clause. The result of the meaning is EPA itself is saying that move will cause problems to its proposal -> ridiculous

B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say -> proposal -> singular noun and singular verb -> has

C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says -> Correct

D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying -> same issues as A) and BOTH X and Y so "on diesel engines" should be used

E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says -> SV agreement issue.
_________________

Thanks,
Kinjal

My Application Experience : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267-40.html#p1516961

Manager
Joined: 14 Apr 2015
Posts: 53
Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 May 2015, 18:18
msand wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

Spoiler: :: Doubt
Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?

saying is a verb-ing modifier. With preceding comma, it modifies the preceding clause, i.e. 'The EPA's proposal to place restrictions on blah'. But did this clause action do the saying? NO. Oil industry did. Therefore, saying is wrong.
In B and E, they and it are ambiguous pronouns. Also were the oil industry sparked? NO.
Board of Directors
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2619
Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
Re: The Environmental Protection Agency s proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jan 2016, 19:39
sanjeebpanda wrote:
80. The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has
sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply
problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

A is incorrect because of the ing modifier. in this case, it is incorrect. it does not present the result nor the "how" aspect of the preceded clause.
B - they doesn't have an antecedent. verb "have" does not agree in number with the subject proposal.
C - looks good.
parallel marker both X and Y or both on X and Y
D - parallelism is violated. like in A, ing modifier is incorrect.
E - same parallelism error as in D. same verb error as in B. It - ambiguous as it can have 2 antecedents.
Senior Manager
Status: You have to have the darkness for the dawn to come
Joined: 09 Nov 2012
Posts: 292
Daboo: Sonu
GMAT 1: 590 Q49 V20
GMAT 2: 730 Q50 V38
Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 May 2016, 00:24
1
msand wrote:
The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying that the move will exacerbate the nation’s fuel supply problems.
A. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, saying
B. on both diesel fuel and engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and they say
C. on both diesel fuel and diesel engines has sparked a counterattack by the oil industry, which says
D. both on diesel fuel and engines has sparked the oil industry to a counterattack, saying
E. both on diesel fuel and diesel engines have sparked the oil industry to counterattack, and it says

Spoiler: :: Doubt
Can somebody tell me what is the problem with the modifier "saying ..." ? Is it because "saying..." in A incorrectly modifies "engine has sparked..." clause?

Here in the above sentence "The environment Protection Agency's proposal" is singular, So this singular subject will take singular verb.
So,B and E is not possible

A is wrong because of wrong modifier usage
As we know comma+ Ving modifies previous clause, if placed after the clause but here as per the meaning of the sentence we need to modify industry
Hence A is out

D is wrong because of two reason
1st is parallelism
both on diesel fuel and on engines is correct not both on diesel fuel and engines
2nd is modifier issue. saying is wrongly modifying previous clause

Now C remains, Which after comma is clearly modifying industry
Hence C is correcr

_________________

You have to have the darkness for the dawn to come.

Give Kudos if you like my post

Director
Joined: 26 Aug 2016
Posts: 628
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Marketing
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V33
GMAT 2: 700 Q50 V33
GMAT 3: 730 Q51 V38
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposal to place restrictions o  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 May 2017, 01:37
imo its C. in E and D, both X and Y not parallel. proposal.. has.. is correct so B is wrong for SV agreement.
saying.... is unclear who is saying agency or industry.
C clearly modifies industry.

Target gmat against the odds.
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 374
Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 May 2017, 12:21
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
_________________

Director
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 640
Location: United States
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Aug 2017, 21:16
daagh wrote:
The simple way to approach this is via grammar first, namely the correlative conjunction //ism and then via other errors.
‘Both ---and’ are correlative conjunctions and they should be followed by structurally and logically // parts. If you say ‘both x’, you should also say ‘and y’; On the contrary, if you say both on diesel, you should say ‘and on diesel’. D and E can be eliminated on this score...
2. The subject is proposal; the verb should be has. B is gone.
3. We essentially need the ‘which’ to clearly indicate the oil industry, which is saying whatever it says. On the contrary, A by using the present participle is unable to indicate who is saying that, whether the EPA or the proposal or the Industry. This element of ambiguity belittles Choice A in comparison to C.

Thank You Sir for an excellent explanation.
_________________

Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch

Study Buddy Forum Moderator
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1267
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Aug 2017, 10:01
Hi Experts GMATNinja mikemcgarry GMATNinjaTwo sayantanc2k
for option C why does which not refer to proposal and refers to oil industry. How can oil industry say x, it is proposal that says x. Am I correct?
_________________

It's the journey that brings us happiness not the destination.

Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1356
Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2017, 17:41
adkikani The oil industry is saying that "the move" will exacerbate our problems. What move? The proposal by the EPA. So it's definitely the industry, not the proposal, that is saying x.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Re: The Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to place &nbs [#permalink] 31 Aug 2017, 17:41

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 22 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by