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The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in

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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2016, 23:54
sa18 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
sriamlan wrote:
Can any expert reply on this ? Not sure how C is the right answer


The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports

The comparison structure here is "X 60%more than/ twice as much as Y " - Y in turn is comprised of a parrallel structure "P and Q"

Hence the overall structure is " X 60% more than P and twice as much as Q"

X = European Economy exported
P = United States exported
Q = the Japaneses did (exported).

Moreover,
The comparison between X and P is: 60% more than
The comparison between X and Q is:nearly twice as much as (= 200% of = 100% more than)

In the correct option C, the above parallelism is maintained properly:

The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did.


Option A: The element Q (Japan's exports) is not parallel to X and P.
Option B: P (United States) is not parallel to X. Q is also wrong since it uses "were" rather than "exported" or "did".
Option D: The element Q (Japan's exports) is not parallel to X and P.
Option E: The element Q (Japanese exports) is not parallel to X and P.


Hi

Is it right, at the first place, to compare a union , The United States and Japanese?


I get your point. Ideally, the correct answer should have been " ...Japan did." Nonetheless in absence of such an option we must select the best of the 5 given, i.e. C.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2016, 22:31
sayantanc2k wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
sriamlan wrote:
Can any expert reply on this ? Not sure how C is the right answer


The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports

The comparison structure here is "X 60%more than/ twice as much as Y " - Y in turn is comprised of a parrallel structure "P and Q"

Hence the overall structure is " X 60% more than P and twice as much as Q"

X = European Economy exported
P = United States exported
Q = the Japaneses did (exported).

Moreover,
The comparison between X and P is: 60% more than
The comparison between X and Q is:nearly twice as much as (= 200% of = 100% more than)

In the correct option C, the above parallelism is maintained properly:

The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did.


Option A: The element Q (Japan's exports) is not parallel to X and P.
Option B: P (United States) is not parallel to X. Q is also wrong since it uses "were" rather than "exported" or "did".
Option D: The element Q (Japan's exports) is not parallel to X and P.
Option E: The element Q (Japanese exports) is not parallel to X and P.


Hi

Is it right, at the first place, to compare a union , The United States and Japanese?

I get your point. Ideally, the correct answer should have been " ...Japan did." Nonetheless in absence of such an option we must select the best of the 5 given, i.e. C.


Thank you for the reply.
Can you also tell why D is incorrect?
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2016, 16:56
sa18 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:

The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports

The comparison structure here is "X 60%more than/ twice as much as Y " - Y in turn is comprised of a parrallel structure "P and Q"

Hence the overall structure is " X 60% more than P and twice as much as Q"

X = European Economy exported
P = United States exported
Q = the Japaneses did (exported).

Moreover,
The comparison between X and P is: 60% more than
The comparison between X and Q is:nearly twice as much as (= 200% of = 100% more than)

In the correct option C, the above parallelism is maintained properly:

The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did.


Option A: The element Q (Japan's exports) is not parallel to X and P.
Option B: P (United States) is not parallel to X. Q is also wrong since it uses "were" rather than "exported" or "did".
Option D: The element Q (Japan's exports) is not parallel to X and P.
Option E: The element Q (Japanese exports) is not parallel to X and P.


Hi

Is it right, at the first place, to compare a union , The United States and Japanese?

I get your point. Ideally, the correct answer should have been " ...Japan did." Nonetheless in absence of such an option we must select the best of the 5 given, i.e. C.


Thank you for the reply.
Can you also tell why D is incorrect?


I already tried to explained above why the comparison is wrong in D as well - I would repeat the same:

The three elements in comparison in option D are:

1. European Economy exported
2. United States did (exported)
3. Japan's exports.

The third element is structurally not parallel to the first and the second. The correct structure for the 3rd element should have been:
3. Japan did (exported)
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2016, 04:47
By virtue of omission, in C --> nearly twice as much as the Japanese did {exported}?

Doesn't this sound incorrect? Shouldn't it be did export and since export is not present anywhere in the sentence, shouldn't we ideally repeat it?
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2016, 21:18
warriorguy wrote:
By virtue of omission, in C --> nearly twice as much as the Japanese did {exported}?

Doesn't this sound incorrect? Shouldn't it be did export and since export is not present anywhere in the sentence, shouldn't we ideally repeat it?


It is not omission; it is replacement - "exported" is replaced by "did". It is a common practice to REPLACE the verb in the second element of a parallelism structure with the verb "to do" .
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2016, 21:25
sayantanc2k wrote:
warriorguy wrote:
By virtue of omission, in C --> nearly twice as much as the Japanese did {exported}?

Doesn't this sound incorrect? Shouldn't it be did export and since export is not present anywhere in the sentence, shouldn't we ideally repeat it?


It is not omission; it is replacement - "exported" is replaced by "did". It is a common practice to REPLACE the verb in the second element of a parallelism structure with the verb "to do" .



I understand that part. But if I remember (correctly), one of your post, you mentioned that the verb should be present in the earlier part of the sentence in the same form as intended in the second part else repeat?
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2016, 04:45
warriorguy wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
warriorguy wrote:
By virtue of omission, in C --> nearly twice as much as the Japanese did {exported}?

Doesn't this sound incorrect? Shouldn't it be did export and since export is not present anywhere in the sentence, shouldn't we ideally repeat it?


It is not omission; it is replacement - "exported" is replaced by "did". It is a common practice to REPLACE the verb in the second element of a parallelism structure with the verb "to do" .



I understand that part. But if I remember (correctly), one of your post, you mentioned that the verb should be present in the earlier part of the sentence in the same form as intended in the second part else repeat?


Yes, you are absolutely right. In this example, if the second verb were "has"/"have" ("...as the Japanese have"), then the point you have mentioned would be applicable (this would then be a case of omission) - since there is no past participle ("exported") form in the first part of the sentence, using "have" would be wrong.

However the simple past "exported" can be replaced with "did". (This is not a case of omission.)
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2016, 09:33
sayantanc2k wrote:

Yes, you are absolutely right. In this example, if the second verb were "has"/"have" ("...as the Japanese have"), then the point you have mentioned would be applicable (this would then be a case of omission) - since there is no past participle ("exported") form in the first part of the sentence, using "have" would be wrong.

However the simple past "exported" can be replaced with "did". (This is not a case of omission.)



So if I understood correctly, it is part of the concept wherein if we have the verb without any auxiliary verb in the first part of the sentence, we need not re-write the verb in the second part but just replace it with either do,did or does; however, if the verb in the first part has an auxiliary verb + verb construction then just repeat the auxiliary verb in second part of the sentence?
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2016, 07:15
warriorguy wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:

Yes, you are absolutely right. In this example, if the second verb were "has"/"have" ("...as the Japanese have"), then the point you have mentioned would be applicable (this would then be a case of omission) - since there is no past participle ("exported") form in the first part of the sentence, using "have" would be wrong.

However the simple past "exported" can be replaced with "did". (This is not a case of omission.)



So if I understood correctly, it is part of the concept wherein if we have the verb without any auxiliary verb in the first part of the sentence, we need not re-write the verb in the second part but just replace it with either do,did or does; however, if the verb in the first part has an auxiliary verb + verb construction then just repeat the auxiliary verb in second part of the sentence?


Yes, you are right - you have described the generalization very well.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2016, 10:04
The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

'and' is the parallel marker here.

A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
The two components - United States did and Japan's export - are not parallel.
B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
Similarly, components are not parallel.
C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
Keep it on hold.
D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
Parallelism violated.
E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports
Parallelism violated.

Thus, I chose option C.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2018, 11:00
Quote:
The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports


We are comparing the action of exporting for the 3 groups.

A - compares the action of exporting of the first 2 groups with Japan's exports i.e. compares 2 actions with a noun - INCORRECT

B - compares the action of exporting with a country - INCORRECT
D - what not required. Other reason same as A. - INCORRECT
E - same as A. - INCORRECT
C - proper comparison of the 3 actions - CORRECT
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2018, 04:57
focus on finding 2 elements(which can be nouns or verbs or 2 contexts-presented by prepositinal phrase, which are compared to make comparison problem much easier.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2018, 21:21
sayantanc2k wrote:
sriamlan wrote:
Can any expert reply on this ? Not sure how C is the right answer


The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports

The comparison structure here is "X 60%more than/ twice as much as Y " - Y in turn is comprised of a parrallel structure "P and Q"

Hence the overall structure is " X 60% more than P and twice as much as Q"

X = European Economy exported
P = United States exported
Q = the Japaneses did (exported).

Moreover,
The comparison between X and P is: 60% more than
The comparison between X and Q is:nearly twice as much as (= 200% of = 100% more than)

In the correct option C, the above parallelism is maintained properly:

The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did.


Option A: The element Q (Japan's exports) is not parallel to X and P.
Option B: P (United States) is not parallel to X. Q is also wrong since it uses "were" rather than "exported" or "did".
Option D: The element Q (Japan's exports) is not parallel to X and P.
Option E: The element Q (Japanese exports) is not parallel to X and P.



Can you please clear my doubt-

What if the intended meaning was to compare E's 400$ exports with J's exports? And the verb exported with US's action?

I mean aren't we trying a forced parallelism?

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2018, 08:17
crackgmat04 wrote:
The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

(A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
(B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were
(C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did
(D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports
(E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports

https://www.nytimes.com/1988/10/23/business/the-growing-fear-of-fortress-europe.html

The European Community exported just under $400 billion in goods last year, 60 percent more than what the United States exported and nearly double Japan's exports. The community's imports are also huge, totaling just under $400 billion as well, roughly equal to the American import volume and more than three times Japan's volume. One goal of the 1992 program is to expand Europe's exports by reducing the costs of European companies - a goal that increased protectionism could well undermine.


we compare only 2 things, adverb or adjective or in other words, verb or noun.
there is only 2 kinds of comparison, verb or noun comparison.

look at choice D and E
we can not say that EU export more than what US did. if this is verb comparison, we say
EU export more than US did
if we compare noun , we can say
400 bilion is more than the amount US export
but we can not say
400 bilions is more than what US export. money amount can not be compared with physical things exported.

so, D and E suffer comparison error illogic.

look at choice A.
EU expart more than UD did (this part is correct) and and twice as much as japan's export ( this part is wrong, EU export more than japan's export is illogic compare. it seem that EU export more than Japan's export did. "

this question is typical of illogic comparions. many type of comparison are shown inhere.
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The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2019, 09:20
crackgmat04 wrote:
The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in goods in 1988, sixty percent more than the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports.

https://www.nytimes.com/1988/10/23/business/the-growing-fear-of-fortress-europe.html

The European Community exported just under $400 billion in goods last year, 60 percent more than what the United States exported and nearly double Japan's exports. The community's imports are also huge, totaling just under $400 billion as well, roughly equal to the American import volume and more than three times Japan's volume. One goal of the 1992 program is to expand Europe's exports by reducing the costs of European companies - a goal that increased protectionism could well undermine.


Issue being tested: Parallelism of verbs. "exported" should be parallel to 2 other verbs (i.e. actions of US and Japan).

(A) the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports - Wrong: Parallelism issue
(B) the United States and nearly double what the Japanese exports were - Wrong: Parallelism issue
(C) the United States exported and nearly twice as much as the Japanese did - Correct: All verbs are parallel.
(D) what the United States did and nearly twice as much as Japan's exports - Wrong: Parallelism issue 2) Meaning issue due to "what"
(E) what the United States exported and nearly double the Japanese exports - Wrong: Parallelism issue
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2019, 08:56
We should not be using the possessive form here, so any option with ‘Japan’s’ can’t be right since it would break //ism with ‘Eastern European Community’ and ‘the United States’. A and D are out. E has a redundant word, ‘what’. It adds nothing, so we can say with a good bit of confidence that this will not be the right answer. Looking at B and C, C seems to be the more complete thanks to the keyword ‘did’.



C is my answer.
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Re: The European Economic Community exported just under $400 billion in   [#permalink] 03 Mar 2019, 08:56

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