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The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each

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The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each [#permalink]

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The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each subsequent odd term is found by adding 2 to the previous term, and each subsequent even terms is found by multiplying the previous term by -1. What is the sum of the first 669 terms?

A. -4
B. -2
C. 0
D. 2
E. 4


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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2015, 05:01
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Bunuel wrote:
The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each subsequent odd term is found by adding 2 to the previous term, and each subsequent even terms is found by multiplying the previous term by -1. What is the sum of the first 669 terms?

A. -4
B. -2
C. 0
D. 2
E. 4


Kudos for a correct solution.


The sequence of terms is -2,2,4,-4 and this continues
Since there are 669 terms, the number divisible by 4 is 668
668/4=167
So the sequence of terms will continue for 167 times in the same manner.
Sum of each sequence=0
Sum of 668 terms=0
669th term=-2
Answer B
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Re: The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2015, 05:52
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Bunuel wrote:
The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each subsequent odd term is found by adding 2 to the previous term, and each subsequent even terms is found by multiplying the previous term by -1. What is the sum of the first 669 terms?

A. -4
B. -2
C. 0
D. 2
E. 4


Kudos for a correct solution.


a_1 = -2
a_2 = 2
a_3 = 4
a_4 = -4
a_5 = -2 ...., thus the 'cyclicity' of this pattern is 4. The nearest multiple of 4 to 669 is 668. The sume of any pair of 4 terms = 0. Thus the sum of the first 668 terms = 0.

669th term = -2 and thus the sum of the first 669 terms = 0-2=-2. B is the correct answer.
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Re: The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2015, 20:43
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Bunuel wrote:
The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each subsequent odd term is found by adding 2 to the previous term, and each subsequent even terms is found by multiplying the previous term by -1. What is the sum of the first 669 terms?

A. -4 B. -2 C. 0 D. 2 E. 4


Ans:B

Solution: from the statement we can find the sequence. Which is { -2,2,4,-4,-2,2,-4,4..... }
its repetitive sequence of 4 elements and sum of those four elements (first four terms) is 0
sum of 669 terms = 668+1 terms = 0 +( -2) = -2
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Re: The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2015, 21:49
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-2,2,4,-4

so cyclicity is 4. 669=167*4+1, where 1 is remainder. Means that 669th term is -2. Their sum is 0+(-2)=-2

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Expert Post
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Re: The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2015, 11:18
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Bunuel wrote:
The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each subsequent odd term is found by adding 2 to the previous term, and each subsequent even terms is found by multiplying the previous term by -1. What is the sum of the first 669 terms?

A. -4
B. -2
C. 0
D. 2
E. 4


Kudos for a correct solution.


GROCKIT OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

Clearly, we are not looking to enter all 669 terms and see what the last one is. But, we can do a few and check out the pattern.

n = 1, \(a_n = -2\)

n = 2, \(a_n = 2\)

n = 3, \(a_n = 4\)

n = 4, \(a_n = -4\)

n = 5, \(a_n = -2\)

n = 6, \(a_n = 2\)

Since we can see that the pattern will repeat every 4 terms, we can solve for the remainder after dividing 669/4. Since 4 goes into 668 evenly, we know that the value will be equivalent to that of the first term, which = -2.
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Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

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Re: The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each [#permalink]

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Re: The first term of a sequence is -2 and the second term is 2. Each   [#permalink] 07 Mar 2017, 03:40
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