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The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years

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The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2018, 12:33
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soapbolt wrote:
generis
The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979 - Independent Clause
three years after the wives of workers producing the chemical in Rensselaer, New York, were found - Independent Clause

Both the IC are joined by just a Comma. I am finding it hard to digest. As we know two IC should be joined by Comma + FANBOYS.

Can you please help me with the understanding. What i am missing here?

soapbolt , this construction is hard.
The time sequence is clear but not linear.

Time sequence:
1976 -> a study finds that women and children suffer because they were exposed to Oryzalin, which is toxic.
1979, three years later -> Oryzalin is still being produced.

The correct answer, D, results in this sentence:

The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years after the wives of workers producing the chemical in Rensselaer, New York, were found either to have had miscarriages or to have borne children with heart defects; none of the pregnancies was normal.

Let's take the second part on the left hand side of the semicolon. I am going to insert a comma that is not in the original and remove a comma that was:
[T]hree years after, the wives of workers producing the chemical in Rensselaer New York were found either to have had miscarriages or to have borne children with heart defects. :(

Simplify it. This prepositional phrase can be omitted: of workers producing the chemical in Rensselaer, New York,
Thus:
Three years after, the wives were found to have [had X or borne Y]. :(

That second part, then, only appears to be a complete sentence. It is not.
After often is a preposition. After can also be a subordinating conjunction. Before and since can behave this way, too.

In this case after creates a subordinate clause, although it is hard to spot "after" as a subordinate conjunction because "three years" precedes "after" and the em dash complicates what gets capitalized.

Maybe this annotation will help clear the matter:

[T]hree years after [three years after what? what event? what time period?] the wives of workers producing the chemical . . . were found either to have had miscarriages or to have borne children with heart defects.

Your radar is keen. This construction is difficult.
If you still have questions, please ask. I am happy to try to assist.

I hope that analysis helps. :)
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Re: The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2018, 23:28
In A and B, it is been illogically suggested that children had miscarriages too.
In C and E, parallelism is violated. Correct form: "to have either X or Y" or "either to have X or to have Y". Furthermore, C illogically suggests that children also had miscarriages.
D maintains parallelism through "either to have X or to have Y" and meaning is also clear. Hence, D is the answer.
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The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 01 May 2019, 08:26
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The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years after the wives of workers producing the chemical in Rensselaer, New York, were found to have borne children with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of their pregnancies was normal.

(A) to have borne children with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of their pregnancies was
(B) to have had children born with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of the pregnancies was
(C) either to have had children with heart defects or miscarriages, without any of their pregnancies being
(D) either to have had miscarriages or to have borne children with heart defects; none of the pregnancies was
(E) either to have had miscarriages or children born with heart defects, without any of their pregnancies being



A problem can be solved either in a nice way or in a nasty way. The simple algorithm for doing this topic is:

1. Remove A, B, and C in one stroke as they all suggest that the children had miscarriages.
2. E misses the correlative conjunction parallelism. D is error-free.
Not that there are no other mistakes in these wrong choices. However, remember 1% error is 100% wrong in GMAT
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Originally posted by daagh on 25 Apr 2019, 02:15.
Last edited by daagh on 01 May 2019, 08:26, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2019, 07:44
"none of the pregnancies was normal" in the correct answer , I don't think its IC but it is separated by semicolon .
Can someone enlighten me daagh
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Re: The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2019, 08:32
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None (of the pregnancies) = subject of the pregnancies is a prepositional middleman just describing the noun.
was = verb
normal = adjective
This is a perfect IC. What is the doubt?
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Re: The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years   [#permalink] 01 May 2019, 08:32

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