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• ### $450 Tuition Credit & Official CAT Packs FREE January 15, 2019 January 15, 2019 10:00 PM PST 11:00 PM PST EMPOWERgmat is giving away the complete Official GMAT Exam Pack collection worth$100 with the 3 Month Pack ($299) • ### The winning strategy for a high GRE score January 17, 2019 January 17, 2019 08:00 AM PST 09:00 AM PST Learn the winning strategy for a high GRE score — what do people who reach a high score do differently? We're going to share insights, tips and strategies from data we've collected from over 50,000 students who used examPAL. # The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics Author Message TAGS: ### Hide Tags Math Expert Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 52108 The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas [#permalink] ### Show Tags 17 Jan 2016, 09:10 00:00 Difficulty: 15% (low) Question Stats: 78% (01:28) correct 22% (02:38) wrong based on 124 sessions ### HideShow timer Statistics The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increased by 40%. Does the area of the rectangle decrease or increase and by what percent? A. Decreases by 19% B. Decreases by 25% C. Increases by 6% D. Increases by 19% E. Increases by 25% _________________ Manager Joined: 19 Dec 2015 Posts: 111 Location: United States GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38 GPA: 3.8 WE: Information Technology (Computer Software) The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas [#permalink] ### Show Tags 17 Jan 2016, 09:41 Let the length of the rectangle be 100x, and width be 100y. Area = 100x * 100y = 10000xy Now after the change Length = 85x, and width = 140 y. Area = 11900xy % Change = (11900xy - 10000xy)/(10000xy) = 19 % Increase. Hence D. EMPOWERgmat Instructor Status: GMAT Assassin/Co-Founder Affiliations: EMPOWERgmat Joined: 19 Dec 2014 Posts: 13325 Location: United States (CA) GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Jan 2016, 22:35 Hi All, This question can be solved in a variety of different ways, including various algebraic approaches and TESTing VALUES. Here's how you can use fractions to your advantage and save some time. We're told that the length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increased by 40%. We're asked if the area of the rectangle decreases or increases and by what percent. The original area of the rectangle can be written as... (L)(W) = Area The two changes can be written as: 15% decrease = 8.5/10 40% increase = 14/10 After the changes occur, we have... (8.5/10)(L)(14/10)(W) = (8.5/10)(14/10)(L)(W) = (8.5)(14)/100 x (L)(W) = 119/100 x (L)(W) 119/100 = a 19% increase Final Answer: GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich _________________ 760+: Learn What GMAT Assassins Do to Score at the Highest Levels Contact Rich at: Rich.C@empowergmat.com # Rich Cohen Co-Founder & GMAT Assassin Special Offer: Save$75 + GMAT Club Tests Free
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Re: The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas  [#permalink]

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13 May 2017, 08:07
1
We can also solve this by using the formula

a+b+(a*b)/100
=(-15)+(40)+(-15*40)/100
=25-6
=19%
which is positive so it represents a 19% increase.
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Re: The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas  [#permalink]

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15 May 2017, 23:40
Let the original length be 20 ; and width = 10
original area = 20 * 10 = 200

New length = .85 * 20 = 17
New width = 1.40 * 10 = 14

new area = 17 * 14 = 238

% increase =$$\frac{38}{200} * 100$$ = 19%

Ans: D
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Re: The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas  [#permalink]

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16 May 2017, 01:29
Let original length= L; original width= W
New length= 0.85L; New width= 1.4W

Original Area= LW
New Area= 0.85L*1.4W= 1.19LW

Change in Area= 1.19LW-LW= 0.19LW
Percentage increase= $$\frac{0.19LW}{LW}$$*100= 19%

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Re: The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas  [#permalink]

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16 May 2017, 02:28
Simplest Way:-
New Length : 0.85L (L= Original length)
New Width : 1.4W (L= Original width)
Therefore New Area= 0.85*1.4*L*W=1.19LW implies 19%Increase.

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Re: The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas  [#permalink]

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16 May 2017, 10:19
1
Bunuel wrote:
The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increased by 40%. Does the area of the rectangle decrease or increase and by what percent?

A. Decreases by 19%
B. Decreases by 25%
C. Increases by 6%
D. Increases by 19%
E. Increases by 25%

$$-15 + 40 +\frac{(-15)(40)}{100}$$

$$= 25 - 6$$

$$= 19$$

Thus, there will be an increase in area by (D) 19%
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The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas  [#permalink]

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16 May 2017, 19:05
Abhishek009 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increased by 40%. Does the area of the rectangle decrease or increase and by what percent?

A. Decreases by 19%
B. Decreases by 25%
C. Increases by 6%
D. Increases by 19%
E. Increases by 25%

$$-15 + 40 +\frac{(-15)(40)}{100}$$

$$= 25 - 6$$

$$= 19$$

Thus, there will be an increase in area by (D) 19%

Hi Abhishek,

Please explain above approach. Is this approach applicable for all % increase or % decrease problems ?

How will you identify that 19 is increase or decrease % ?

thanks
Abhijeet
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Re: The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas  [#permalink]

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19 May 2017, 05:19
Bunuel wrote:
The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increased by 40%. Does the area of the rectangle decrease or increase and by what percent?

A. Decreases by 19%
B. Decreases by 25%
C. Increases by 6%
D. Increases by 19%
E. Increases by 25%

We can let the original length of the rectangle = x and the original width of the rectangle = y. Thus, the original area is xy.

When the length decreases by 15%, the new length is 0.85x, and when the width increases by 40%, the new width is 1.4y. Thus, the new area is (0.85x)(1.4y) = 1.19xy.

We can use the percent change formula: (New Value - Old Value)/Old Value x 100%. Thus, the area changes by (1.19xy - xy)/xy = 0.19xy/xy = 0.19 = 19%. This value is positive, indicating an increase.

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Re: The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas  [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2018, 02:36
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Re: The length of a rectangle is decreased by 15% and its width is increas &nbs [#permalink] 13 Jun 2018, 02:36
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