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The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended the use of

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The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended the use of  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Sep 2018, 22:07
1
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

85% (00:47) correct 15% (00:57) wrong based on 232 sessions

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The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended the use of fail-safe mechanisms on airliner cargo door latches assuring the doors are properly closed before takeoff and to prevent them from popping open in flight.

(A) assuring the doors are properly closed

(B) for the assurance of proper closing

(C) assuring proper closure

(D) to assure closing the doors properly

(E) to assure that the doors are properly closed

Spoiler: :: OE
The correct choice will include to assure, an infinitive parallel to prevent. Thus, A, B, and C are disqualified.

Moreover, the participial phrases in A and C (assuring…), easily construed as adjectives modifying latches, are confusing.

Choices B and C are additionally faulty because, in omitting the noun doors, they fail both to specify what is being closed and to supply an antecedent for the pronoun them.

D offers the necessary infinitive, but the gerund phrase closing… imprecisely refers to the act of closing the doors rather than to the condition of the closed doors.

Choice E, with its idiomatic and precise noun clause, is the best answer.

https://www.nytimes.com/1989/08/25/us/cargo-door-latches-sought.html

The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended the use of ''fail-safe'' mechanisms on airliner cargo door latches to prevent the doors from popping open in flight and to assure that they are properly closed before takeoff.

Originally posted by crazy18 on 16 Nov 2009, 11:23.
Last edited by hazelnut on 12 Sep 2018, 22:07, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended the use of  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2009, 23:16
The National Transportation Bord has recommended [something] to X and Y.
The Y here is "to prevent them from...."
The answer requires parallelism and the only ones that provide that are D and E - "to assure".
Between D and E, D doesn't really make grammatical sense so answer is E.
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Re: The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended the use of  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2009, 23:48
1
crazy18 wrote:
The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended the use of fail-safe mechanisms on airliner
cargo door latches assuring the doors are properly closed before takeoff and to prevent them from popping
open in flight.
(A) assuring the doors are properly closed
(B) for the assurance of proper closing
(C) assuring proper closure
(D) to assure closing the doors properly
(E) to assure that the doors are properly closed

OA = E


I picked D , can someone explain the difference between D & E


to assure is parallel with to prevent. A,B,C - out

subjunctive = should be followed by "that", eg. propose that, recommend that, assure that etc.

E wins
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Re: The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended the use of  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2010, 04:37
1
Hi,

Under what circumstances we use Adverb before Verb?

Can someone please explain?
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Re: The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended the use of  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2018, 01:32
Option D is not parallel with the non underlined part of the sentence which says ' to prevent(verb) them (subject) from......
There is no verb for the sub in option D.
So E

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Re: The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended the use of  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2019, 18:31
I think this is not the case under category of subjunctive.
If that were so, statement would "that" in 2nd clause after "and".
Moreover, it is case of parallelism and E follows parallelism. better than D does.
The most probably, assure should be followed by that in this case. That is why D is wrong. There could be other grammar rules which can eliminate D.
I am still looking for better answer for elimination of D.

pm4553 wrote:
crazy18 wrote:
The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended the use of fail-safe mechanisms on airliner
cargo door latches assuring the doors are properly closed before takeoff and to prevent them from popping
open in flight.
(A) assuring the doors are properly closed
(B) for the assurance of proper closing
(C) assuring proper closure
(D) to assure closing the doors properly
(E) to assure that the doors are properly closed

OA = E


I picked D , can someone explain the difference between D & E


to assure is parallel with to prevent. A,B,C - out

subjunctive = should be followed by "that", eg. propose that, recommend that, assure that etc.

E wins
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Re: The National Transportation Safety Board has recommended the use of   [#permalink] 06 Aug 2019, 18:31
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