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The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul

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The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Nov 2018, 00:03
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A
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Question Stats:

53% (01:36) correct 47% (01:45) wrong based on 400 sessions

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The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabulary of the English language, which resulted from the dual influence of the Anglo-Saxon and, later, French languages. The French language, though, is a direct descendant of Latin, with few traces of the Celtic language spoken by the pre-Roman inhabitants of the area: the hallmark of French literature is its simplicity and clarity.

Which one of the following can be most reasonably inferred from the information above?


A. The origin of English played a role in shaping English literature.

B. The vocabulary of the Anglo-Saxon language was richer than that of the French language.

C. The vocabulary of English is larger than the vocabulary of French.

D. Simple and clear literature cannot be written in a languae with a rich and diverse vocabulary.

E. English literature and French literature have had little infulence on one another.


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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 14 Mar 2018, 11:45.
Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Nov 2018, 00:03, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2018, 11:46
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As is the case with many inference questions, the author isn’t giving us an explicit logical argument with a nice conclusion, but we do end up with straightforward descriptions of the English and French languages. Let’s break them both down, making sure that we’re not getting sloppy with the language.

For English:

  • Anglo-Saxon was the first influence on English language.
  • Later, French became a second influence on English language.
  • English language has a rich and diverse vocabulary.
  • English literature reflects that rich and diverse vocabulary.

And for French:

  • Latin is the main influence on French language.
  • Celtic may have been around France before Latin, but only trace amounts of it show in French language. So French is really all about its Latin roots.
  • French literature reflects simplicity and clarity.

There’s nothing terribly complex in this passage, but the most common error we see on this question is when test-takers fail to notice which descriptions refer to the English and French languages, and which describe the literature. More on that in a moment.

So… which one of the following can be most reasonably inferred from the information above?

Quote:
A. The origin of English played a role in shaping English literature.

Choice (A) looks fine. The passage states that the diverse vocabulary of English language is reflected in English literature. This diversity is caused by the fact that English language evolved from two different root languages (Anglo-Saxon and French). Therefore, these diverse origins have shaped English literature.

And here’s the most common mistake we see on this passage: (A) just seems too darned obvious. We didn’t have to work hard to “infer” that (A) is true, so maybe it’s not really correct. But that’s a dangerous way to think about inference questions, as we discussed in this video: all you need to do is find the four answer choices that are NOT true, and eliminate them. Don’t overthink the definition of “infer” or “inference.”

Anyway, (A) is totally reasonable, so let’s keep it and see if we can eliminate the other choices.

Quote:
B. The vocabulary of the Anglo-Saxon language was richer than that of the French language.

Nothing in our breakdown compares the richness of English and French vocabularies. We know that English has a rich vocabulary, but the passage says nothing about how rich the French vocabulary is, let alone how that compares to the richness of English vocabulary. Let’s eliminate choice (B).

Quote:
C. The vocabulary of English is larger than the vocabulary of French.

Nothing in our breakdown compares the size of English and French vocabularies. While the author says that French literature is distinguished by simplicity and clarity, this doesn’t really tell us much about how many words are in the French language, nor how it compares to the English language.

So we can eliminate choice (C).

Quote:
D. Simple and clear literature cannot be written in a language with a rich and diverse vocabulary.

This leap of logic goes way beyond the information we’re given about French and English. There are tons of languages and literary traditions in the world beyond these two languages, and the passage doesn’t connect these statements about French and English to the (much broader!) act of writing ALL literature. It’s a HUGE stretch to say that simple and clear literature cannot be written in languages with a diverse vocabulary, so we can eliminate (D).

Quote:
E. English literature and French literature have had little influence on one another.

We know that the French language has had a major impact on the English language. However, nothing in the passage discusses how English and French literature have influenced each other.

So (E) is out, and (A) is our answer.

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Re: The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2018, 12:10
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IMO, The answer is C.

Combining the information provided in the first sentence, which mentions that the vocabulary of English has been influenced by both Anglo-Saxon and French languages. Hence, it can be correctly inferred that the vocabulary of English is greater than the vocabulary of French.

None of the other options can be correctly inferred from the passage.
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Re: The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2018, 19:14
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A. The origin of English played a role in shaping English literature. --- not sure if it is true but cant eliminate it either at first glance , lets keep it.

B. The vocabulary of the Anglo-Saxon language was richer than that of the French language. --- not sufficient info provided. may be or may be not.

C. The vocabulary of English is larger than the vocabulary of French. --- not sufficient info provided. may be or may be not.

D. Simple and clear literature cannot be written in a language with a rich and diverse vocabulary. ---- too extreme to be true

E. English literature and French literature have had little infulence on one another. --- wrong .... English is influenced from french, the other way is not true.

(A) seems the best answer among all.
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Re: The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2018, 20:42
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IMO A
Since the first line says 'resulted from' dual Lang. (I. E the origin)

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Re: The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2018, 17:25
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A. The origin of English played a role in shaping English literature.: CAN BE INFERRED FROM FIRST SENTENCE. A CONNECTION IS WELL ESTABLISHED BETWEEN ENGLISH LITERATURE AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

B. The vocabulary of the Anglo-Saxon language was richer than that of the French language.: IRRELEVANT COMPARISON, NOT DISCUSSED

C. The vocabulary of English is larger than the vocabulary of French.: SAME AS B, CANNOT PASS FACT TEST

D. Simple and clear literature cannot be written in a languae with a rich and diverse vocabulary.: TOO EXTREME

E. English literature and French literature have had little infulence on one another.: OPPOSITE
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Re: The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2018, 09:39
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Awaiting OA. IMO answer should be A

The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabulary of the English language, which resulted from the dual influence of the Anglo-Saxon and, later, French languages. The French language, though, is a direct descendant of Latin, with few traces of the Celtic language spoken by the pre-Roman inhabitants of the area: the hallmark of French literature is its simplicity and clarity.

Which one of the following can be most reasonably inferred from the information above?

A. The origin of English played a role in shaping English literature. --Correct. The nature of English literature reflects the richness and diversity in language. Diversity and richness was derived from French and Anglo-Saxon languages. So we can say that the origin has had some impact on the English literature.

B. The vocabulary of the Anglo-Saxon language was richer than that of the French language. --We can't say that. These two languages are different and we can't comment on the vocabulary of either language.

C. The vocabulary of English is larger than the vocabulary of French. --We can't say that. These two languages are different and we can't comment on the vocabulary of either language. Remember, entire French language is not the sub set of English.

D. Simple and clear literature cannot be written in a languae with a rich and diverse vocabulary. --Exaggerated statement

E. English literature and French literature have had little infulence on one another. --We can't say from the argument whether English has had any influence on French literature.
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Re: The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2018, 10:20
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IMO B. and I think I am pretty sure about it. But seeing all the different types of answers, am a little confused.
Please post the OA.
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Re: The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2018, 04:19
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Puja priya wrote:
IMO B. and I think I am pretty sure about it. But seeing all the different types of answers, am a little confused.
Please post the OA.


At first I thought B was the better answer. Looking again however, A is simpler and more elegant as a solution. The problems with both B and C are that they both make large logic leaps...which in assumption type questions is usually incorrect. Hope this helps.
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Re: The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2018, 18:22
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Mrinal Lather wrote:
IMO, The answer is C.

Combining the information provided in the first sentence, which mentions that the vocabulary of English has been influenced by both Anglo-Saxon and French languages. Hence, it can be correctly inferred that the vocabulary of English is greater than the vocabulary of French.

None of the other options can be correctly inferred from the passage.


C cannot be inferred from the passage and here's why. It says that English was INFLUENCED BY French and Anglo-saxon, it isn't a UNION (in mathematical terms) of Anglo-Saxon and French. It could have taken a few words/phrases from French and Anglo-Saxon and still have been smaller in corpus than the entirety of French language.

In other words, it CANNOT be inferred that "English = All of Anglo-Saxon + All of French
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Re: The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2018, 17:54
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The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabulary of the English language, which resulted from the dual influence of the Anglo-Saxon and, later, French languages. The French language, though, is a direct descendant of Latin, with few traces of the Celtic language spoken by the pre-Roman inhabitants of the area: the hallmark of French literature is its simplicity and clarity.

Which one of the following can be most reasonably inferred from the information above?

A. The origin of English played a role in shaping English literature. - Best choice as it is clearly mentioned that English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabulary of the English language.

B. The vocabulary of the Anglo-Saxon language was richer than that of the French language. - It is nowhere mentioned that one vocabulary is richer than another so eliminated

C. The vocabulary of English is larger than the vocabulary of French. - Size of vocabulary is also nowhere compared in the passage so eliminated

D. Simple and clear literature cannot be written in a language with a rich and diverse vocabulary. - Out of Scope

E. English literature and French literature have had little influence on one another - Nowhere it is mentioned that English and French literatures have influence on each other. Only thing mentioned is they have a little impact so eliminated

Hence best choice Option A

Hope its clear puja priya
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Re: The nature of English literature reflects the rich and diverse vocabul &nbs [#permalink] 26 Mar 2018, 17:54
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