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# The neutral theory of molecular evolution holds that

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Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Apr 2015
Posts: 366
The neutral theory of molecular evolution holds that  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2015, 05:56
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25% (medium)

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77% (01:43) correct 23% (01:52) wrong based on 104 sessions

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The neutral theory of molecular evolution holds that most differences among species at the molecular level are not associated with the fitness of the organism but instead that they add up to a series of inconsequential changes that are unrelated to the process of natural selection,which is usually the focal point of research into these differences.

A) most differences among species at the molecular level are not associated with the fitness of the organism but instead that they add up to a series of inconsequential changes that are unrelated to

B) most differences among species at the molecular level are not associated with the fitness of the organism but instead add up to a series of inconsequential changes unrelated to

C) most differences among species at the molecular level, instead of being associated with the fitness of the organism,they add up to a series of inconsequential changes that have been unrelated to

D) rather than being an associate with the fitness of the organism, most differences between species at the molecular level add up to as series of inconsequential changes that have no relationship with

E) rather than most difference between species at the molecular level being associated with the fitness of the organism,that they add up to a series of inconsequential changes that were unrelated to
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Re: The neutral theory of molecular evolution holds that  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2015, 07:07
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First thing to note here is about the use of 'being'. Whenever the word ‘being’ is used as a modifier, it is never acceptable to GMAT. Being is accepted only as part of the subject or in passive voices. Here in the topic, 'being' is used as a modifier of a noun in all the three choices, namely C, D, and E. Therefore they can be easily eliminated without further consideration.

Between A and B, A is not parallel in the sense, ‘but instead that’ is not structurally parallel to "holds that"; it should be 'but that instead' to be truly parallel, in addition to the choice being rather wordy.

B is the ultimate winner
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Re: The neutral theory of molecular evolution holds that  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2015, 07:17
dominicraj wrote:
The neutral theory of molecular evolution holds that most differences among species at the molecular level are not associated with the fitness of the organism but instead that they add up to a series of inconsequential changes that are unrelated to the process of natural selection,which is usually the focal point of research into these differences.

A) most differences among species at the molecular level are not associated with the fitness of the organism but instead that they add up to a series of inconsequential changes that are unrelated to

B) most differences among species at the molecular level are not associated with the fitness of the organism but instead add up to a series of inconsequential changes unrelated to

C) most differences among species at the molecular level, instead of being associated with the fitness of the organism,they add up to a series of inconsequential changes that have been unrelated to

D) rather than being an associate with the fitness of the organism, most differences between species at the molecular level add up to as series of inconsequential changes that have no relationship with

E) rather than most difference between species at the molecular level being associated with the fitness of the organism,that they add up to a series of inconsequential changes that were unrelated to

The neutral theory of molecular evolution holds that
most differences among species at the molecular level are not associated with the fitness of the organism but
instead add up to a series of inconsequential changes unrelated to the process of natural selection,which is usually the focal point of research into these differences. -- here shouldn't it be instead they add up to.. so to have subject here..
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Re: The neutral theory of molecular evolution holds that  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2015, 07:21
Hi Daagh,

I had a query with this question. "but" and "instead" both are used to show contrast. Hence why are both used together?

Regards,
Dom.
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Re: The neutral theory of molecular evolution holds that  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2015, 08:43
Dom, Hi,

I think 'but instead' is not redundant. I have seen that usage in many contexts. The purpose is to intensify the contrast of the second sentence,
Only thing is that , even choice B , could have used a comma before but as is used for any coordinator.

HTH
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Re: The neutral theory of molecular evolution holds that  [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2017, 09:06
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The neutral theory of molecular evolution holds that   [#permalink] 05 Sep 2017, 09:06
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