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The new contract forbids a strike by the transportation union.

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The new contract forbids a strike by the transportation union.  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2009, 02:15
4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

45% (00:20) correct 55% (00:16) wrong based on 99 sessions

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The new contract forbids a strike by the transportation union.


A. forbids a strike by the transportation union

B. forbids the transportation union from striking

C. forbids that there be a strike by the transportation union

D. will forbid the transportation union from striking

E. will forbid that the transportation union strikes

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The new contract forbids a strike by the transportation union.  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2017, 07:55
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1
The idiom "forbid from" is wrong. Hence B and D can be eliminated.
The verb "forbid" does not take a subjunctive. Hence C is out.
Option E is doubly wrong because of the use of command subjunctive with the verb "forbid" and wrong verb in command subjunctive ("strikes"). In other words, even if the verb "forbid" took a subjunctive, option E would still be wrong because of wrong verb "strikes".

Forbid can be used in two forms:

1. with an infinitive, taking the entity who is forbidden as the indirect object and the forbidden action as the infinitive : The new contract forbids the union to strike... correct (answer to forbids whom question)
OR
2. without an infinitive, taking the forbidden action as a direct object: The new contract forbids a strike by the union... correct. (answer to forbids what question)

Hence option A is correct (second form above.)
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Re: The new contract forbids a strike by the transportation union.  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2009, 07:06
nightwing79 wrote:
The new contract forbids a strike by the transportation union.

A. forbids a strike by the transportation union

B. forbids the transportation union from striking

C. forbids that there be a strike by the transportation union

D. will forbid the transportation union from striking

E. will forbid that the transportation union strikes


A sounds good to me.

Forbid X to do Y is correct idiom
Forbid X from Y is incorrect
prohibit X from Y is correct


Forbid X --> is also correct idiom.

Only A makes sense here.
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Re: Usage of forbid  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2011, 10:36
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1
Forbid can be used in at least three ways:
1) Forbid+infinitive, The concert ticket explicitly forbids us to reenter.
2) Forbid+noun, The concert ticket explicitly forbids reentry. The noun here can be a gerund, The concert ticket explicitly forbids reentering the theater.
3) Forbid+from+gerund, The concert ticket explicitly forbids us from reentering.

Although it may sound awkward with this sentence (and I expect the GMAT would make a less awkward job of it than I have), that first, forbid+infinitive, is the one I've noticed on the GMAT.
I can't recall seeing that third way used in any correct SC answer to a real GMAT question, so I would perhaps be skeptical of B, but it's not actually wrong as used here. B has a slightly different meaning than A, but that difference is much too subtle to be an issue on the GMAT.

Finally, before you sweat such idioms too much, check out http://www.manhattangmat.com/blog/index.php/2011/09/19/idioms-myths-and-more-news-from-the-gmac/
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Re: Usage of forbid  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2011, 21:45
Thanks for the help!
So, you believe (a) is the correct answer here ? Am not clear yet.
I am confused with the options (a) and (b) :(
As per the explanation, (a) uses the form (2) below : Forbid+noun;
(b) uses form (3) below : Forbid+from+gerund.

But you have also mentioned (a) and (b) has a slight different meaning.. could you please elaborate on this further?

Thanks
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Re: Usage of forbid  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2011, 22:14
Sorry I wasn't more clear. I'd choose A. Although it's not in the form the GMAT uses most often, A is best.

Oh, and good catch on that note from our SC Guide. Apparently forbid from shows up only in wrong answers. Notice that the guide is emphatic that forbid from is wrong on the GMAT SC, while Standard Written English countenances forbid from in some circumstances. That marks a difference between GMAT English and SWE, but as one of our instructors says, the GMAT is never wrong about the GMAT.
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Re: The new contract forbids a strike by the transportation union.  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2016, 23:25
nightwing79 wrote:
The new contract forbids a strike by the transportation union.

A. forbids a strike by the transportation union

B. forbids the transportation union from striking

C. forbids that there be a strike by the transportation union

D. will forbid the transportation union from striking

E. will forbid that the transportation union strikes



Explanation:

Idiom: Forbid…..to (do)……


A- CORRECT: concise.
B- …forbid….from – incorrect construction.
C- …there be a strike… - wordy.
D- Same as B.
E- …will forbid that…the union strikes. – the word ‘strikes’ comes almost as a noun. Intent not delivered.

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Re: The new contract  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2017, 04:31
The new contract forbids a strike by the workers union.

A. forbids a strike by the workers union.
B. forbids the workers union from striking.
C. will forbid the worker union from striking
D. forbids that there be a strike by the workers union
E. will forbid the workers union from striking
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Re: The new contract  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 10:33
I didn't understand why B is wrong even though it uses correct idiom. Kindly explain. Thanks for your time
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Re: The new contract  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2017, 03:50
kannu44 wrote:
I didn't understand why B is wrong even though it uses correct idiom. Kindly explain. Thanks for your time


B uses wrong idiom - "forbid from" is wrong; the correct usage is "forbid to".
Re: The new contract &nbs [#permalink] 30 Apr 2017, 03:50
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