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# The new school of political history that emerged in the

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The new school of political history that emerged in the [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2008, 02:03
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The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and 1970’s sought to go beyond the traditional focus of political historians on leaders and government institutions by examining directly the political practices of ordinary citizens. Like the old approach, however, this new approach excluded women. The very techniques these historian sused to uncover mass political behavior in the nineteenth-century United State – quantitative analyses of election returns, for example – were useless in analyzing the political activities of women, who were denied the vote until1920.

By redefining “political activity,” historian Paula Baker has developed a political history that includes women. She concludes that among ordinary citizens, political activism by women in the nineteenth century prefigured trends in twentieth-century politics. Defining “politics” as “any action taken to affect the course of behavior of government or of the community,” Baker concludes that, while voting and holding office were restricted to men, women in thenineteenth century organized themselves into societies committed to social issues such as temperance and poverty. In other words, Baker contends, women activists were early practitioners of nonpartisan, issue-oriented politics and thus were more interested in enlisting lawmakers, regardless of their party affiliation, on behalf of certain issues than
in ensuring that one party or another won an election. In the twentieth century, more men drew closer to women’s ideas about politics and took up modes of issue-oriented politics that Baker sees women as having pioneered.
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) enumerate reason why both traditional scholarly methods and newer scholarly methods have limitations
(B) identify a shortcoming in a scholarly approach and describe an alternative approach
(C) provide empirical data to support a long-held scholarly assumption
(D) compare two sholarly publications on the basis of their authors’ backgrounds
(E) attempt to provide a partial answer to a lon-standing scholarly dilemna

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

2. The passage suggests which of the following concerning the techniques used by the new political historians described in the first paragraph of the passage?
(A) They involved the extensive use of the biographies of political party leaders and political theoreticians.
(B) They were conceived by political historians who were reacting against the political climates of the 1960s and 1970s
(C) They were of more use in analyzing the positions of United States political parties in the nineteenth century than in analyzing the positions of those in the twentieth century.
(D) They were of more use in naalyzing the policial behavior of nineteenth-century voters than in nalyzing the political activities of those who could not vote during that period.
(E) They were devised as a means of tracing the influence of nineteenth-century political trends on twentieth-century political trends.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

3. It ban be inferred that the author of the passage quotes Baker directly in the second paragraph primarily in order to
(A) clarify a position before providing an alternative ot that position
(B) differentiate between a novel definition and traditional definitions
(C) provide an example of a point agreed on by different generations of scholars
(D) provide an example of the prose style of an important historian
(E) amplify a definition given in the first pargraph

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

4. According to the passage, Paula Baker and the new political historians of the 1960’s and 1970’s shared which of the following?
(A) A commitment to interest-group politics
(B) A disregard for political theory and ideology
(C) An interest in the ways in which nineteenth-century politics prefigured contemporary politics
(D) A reliance on such quatitiative techniques as the analysis of election returns
(E) An emplasis on the political involvement of ordinary citizens

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

5. Which of the following best describes the structure of the first paragraph of the passage?
(A) Two scholarly approaches are compared, and a shortcoming common to both is identified.
(B) Two rival schools of thought are contrasted, and a third is allued to.
(C) An outmoded scholarly approach is described, and a corrective approach is called for.
(D) An argument is outlined, and counter argumnts are mentioned.
(E) A historical era is described in terms of its political trends.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

6. The information in the passage suggests that a pre1960’s political historian would have been most likely to undertake which of the following studies?
(A) An analysis of voting trends among women voters of the 1920’s
(B) A study of male voters’ gradual ideological shift from party politics to issue-oriented politics
(C) A biography of an influential nineteenth-century minister of foreign affairs
(D) An analysis of narratives written by previously unrecognized women activitists
(E) A study of voting trends among naturalized immigrant laborers in a nineteenth-century logging camp

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #5 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #6 OA
If you have any questions
New!
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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2008, 02:39
1.B
2.E
3.A(but not sure )
4.E
5.D
6.D
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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2008, 04:39
i've got:

1.B
2.D
3.E
4.E
5.A
6.C
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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2008, 06:08
1-E
2-D
3-A
4-A
5-C
6-C
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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2008, 13:49
B
D
B
C
A
D

Could you please post the OA?
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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2008, 14:20
1
KUDOS
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) enumerate reason why both traditional scholarly methods and newer scholarly methods have limitations
True, but it goes beyond that...
(B) identify a shortcoming in a scholarly approach and describe an alternative approach
identifies shortcomings in the old and newer school of thoughts, and describes Baker's alternative approach. Correct
(C) provide empirical data to support a long-held scholarly assumption
No basis
(D) compare two sholarly publications on the basis of their authors’ backgrounds
No basis
(E) attempt to provide a partial answer to a lon-standing scholarly dilemna
No basis

2. The passage suggests which of the following concerning the techniques used by the new political historians described in the first paragraph of the passage?

(A) They involved the extensive use of the biographies of political party leaders and political theoreticians.
This is the old school
(B) They were conceived by political historians who were reacting against the political climates of the 1960s and 1970s
not so much as in reaction as a shift in idealogy
(C) They were of more use in analyzing the positions of United States political parties in the nineteenth century than in analyzing the positions of those in the twentieth century.
not relevant
(D) They were of more use in analyzing the political behavior of nineteenth-century voters than in analyzing the political activities of those who could not vote during that period.
Bingo! They studied voters, but they disregarded the political activities of others, especially women, who could not vote at the time.
(E) They were devised as a means of tracing the influence of nineteenth-century political trends on twentieth-century political trends.
not relevant

3. It ban be inferred that the author of the passage quotes Baker directly in the second paragraph primarily in order to
(A) clarify a position before providing an alternative ot that position
(B) differentiate between a novel definition and traditional definitions
IMO, B gives the more substantial argument for the author to quote Baker.
(C) provide an example of a point agreed on by different generations of scholars
(D) provide an example of the prose style of an important historian
(E) amplify a definition given in the first pargraph

4. According to the passage, Paula Baker and the new political historians of the 1960’s and 1970’s shared which of the following?
(A) A commitment to interest-group politics
(B) A disregard for political theory and ideology
(C) An interest in the ways in which nineteenth-century politics prefigured contemporary politics
(D) A reliance on such quatitiative techniques as the analysis of election returns
(E) An emphasis on the political involvement of ordinary citizens
Exactly. They shifted their focus from the leaders and their biographies to the masses.

5. Which of the following best describes the structure of the first paragraph of the passage?
(A) Two scholarly approaches are compared, and a shortcoming common to both is identified.
Both old and the newer schools of historians neglected the role of women in politics. Correct
(B) Two rival schools of thought are contrasted, and a third is alluded to.
(C) An outmoded scholarly approach is described, and a corrective approach is called for.
(D) An argument is outlined, and counter arguments are mentioned.
(E) A historical era is described in terms of its political trends.

6. The information in the passage suggests that a pre1960’s political historian would have been most likely to undertake which of the following studies?
C. All others pertain to the masses, the study of which was not in practice prior to the 1960s.

-Anand
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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2008, 15:14
IMO

1--B
2--D
3--D
4--E
5--A
6--C

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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2008, 15:36
Guys, just out of curiosity, have you been timing your passages?

Actually do you keep track of the time when solving these practice problems. My approach is to practice a ton of passages and get myself really familiar with the questions and reasoning logic required to answer each of them effectively. I plan to start practicing under a under timed environment pretty soon. However, the issue I come across while practicing under time is that I tend to focus more on the time rather than the passage. Its like someone shouting in my ears -- hurry UPPP, you are running out of time. You know what I mean?

How do you guys go about practicing RC's. I'd appreciate it if you could share your approach/strategy. Later!
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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2008, 17:59
1
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vksunder wrote:
Guys, just out of curiosity, have you been timing your passages?

Actually do you keep track of the time when solving these practice problems. My approach is to practice a ton of passages and get myself really familiar with the questions and reasoning logic required to answer each of them effectively. I plan to start practicing under a under timed environment pretty soon. However, the issue I come across while practicing under time is that I tend to focus more on the time rather than the passage. Its like someone shouting in my ears -- hurry UPPP, you are running out of time. You know what I mean?

How do you guys go about practicing RC's. I'd appreciate it if you could share your approach/strategy. Later!

record your time, but don't limit your time. Always record your time, then you'll get use to it, and won't feel the stress of having to finish within x amount of time.

Once you have a good baseline of how long you're taking for the passages, then start limiting your time to add the time pressure. You'll get use to it.
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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2008, 00:11
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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2008, 01:14
B D E C A D in the order.
Really curious to the OA. Really tough RC even though short.
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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2008, 09:35
1-B
2-D
3-B
4-E
5-A
6-C

Yeah it's bit tricky, a passage from OG 10th edition.
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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2008, 01:23
anandsebastin wrote:
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) enumerate reason why both traditional scholarly methods and newer scholarly methods have limitations
True, but it goes beyond that...
(B) identify a shortcoming in a scholarly approach and describe an alternative approach
identifies shortcomings in the old and newer school of thoughts, and describes Baker's alternative approach. Correct
(C) provide empirical data to support a long-held scholarly assumption
No basis
(D) compare two sholarly publications on the basis of their authors’ backgrounds
No basis
(E) attempt to provide a partial answer to a lon-standing scholarly dilemna
No basis

2. The passage suggests which of the following concerning the techniques used by the new political historians described in the first paragraph of the passage?

(A) They involved the extensive use of the biographies of political party leaders and political theoreticians.
This is the old school
(B) They were conceived by political historians who were reacting against the political climates of the 1960s and 1970s
not so much as in reaction as a shift in idealogy
(C) They were of more use in analyzing the positions of United States political parties in the nineteenth century than in analyzing the positions of those in the twentieth century.
not relevant
(D) They were of more use in analyzing the political behavior of nineteenth-century voters than in analyzing the political activities of those who could not vote during that period.
Bingo! They studied voters, but they disregarded the political activities of others, especially women, who could not vote at the time.
(E) They were devised as a means of tracing the influence of nineteenth-century political trends on twentieth-century political trends.
not relevant

3. It ban be inferred that the author of the passage quotes Baker directly in the second paragraph primarily in order to
(A) clarify a position before providing an alternative ot that position
(B) differentiate between a novel definition and traditional definitions
IMO, B gives the more substantial argument for the author to quote Baker.
(C) provide an example of a point agreed on by different generations of scholars
(D) provide an example of the prose style of an important historian
(E) amplify a definition given in the first pargraph

4. According to the passage, Paula Baker and the new political historians of the 1960’s and 1970’s shared which of the following?
(A) A commitment to interest-group politics
(B) A disregard for political theory and ideology
(C) An interest in the ways in which nineteenth-century politics prefigured contemporary politics
(D) A reliance on such quatitiative techniques as the analysis of election returns
(E) An emphasis on the political involvement of ordinary citizens
Exactly. They shifted their focus from the leaders and their biographies to the masses.

5. Which of the following best describes the structure of the first paragraph of the passage?
(A) Two scholarly approaches are compared, and a shortcoming common to both is identified.
Both old and the newer schools of historians neglected the role of women in politics. Correct
(B) Two rival schools of thought are contrasted, and a third is alluded to.
(C) An outmoded scholarly approach is described, and a corrective approach is called for.
(D) An argument is outlined, and counter arguments are mentioned.
(E) A historical era is described in terms of its political trends.

6. The information in the passage suggests that a pre1960’s political historian would have been most likely to undertake which of the following studies?
C. All others pertain to the masses, the study of which was not in practice prior to the 1960s.

-Anand

OA:
B
D
B
E
A
C

Thanks!
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Re: RC: political historians examination. [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2011, 03:06
What does the last sentence mean in the 1st para "were useless in analyzing the political activities of women, who were denied the vote until1920."

They were denied to vote OR they were denied vote (as in they were in the election campaign and no one voted for women politicians)
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2015, 21:35
Hiya,

Just need a clarification.

For the Q 3. Inference question, all answer choices can be eliminated except answer B but the answer content is puzzling.

Not sure about how they define "differentiate between novel definition and traditional definitions."
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2016, 00:20
Hi,

Regarding below question:
5. Which of the following best describes the structure of the first paragraph of the passage?
(A) Two scholarly approaches are compared, and a shortcoming common to both is identified.
Both old and the newer schools of historians neglected the role of women in politics. Correct
(B) Two rival schools of thought are contrasted, and a third is alluded to.
(C) An outmoded scholarly approach is described, and a corrective approach is called for.
(D) An argument is outlined, and counter arguments are mentioned.
(E) A historical era is described in terms of its political trends.

The passage says "Like the old approach, however, this new approach excluded women".
What I inferred from this like is "New approach neglected women and old approach included women".
Since word however is used to show contrast.
But, my inference is wrong as per OE.

Thanks & regards,
Sunil01

grepro wrote:
IMO

1--B
2--D
3--D
4--E
5--A
6--C

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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2016, 07:01
Top Contributor
9 mins all correct.
~3 mins for Para.
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The new school of political history that emerged in the [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2016, 21:26
JarvisR wrote:
9 mins all correct.
~3 mins for Para.

Hi JarvisR,

Regarding below question:
5. Which of the following best describes the structure of the first paragraph of the passage?
(A) Two scholarly approaches are compared, and a shortcoming common to both is identified.
Both old and the newer schools of historians neglected the role of women in politics. Correct
(B) Two rival schools of thought are contrasted, and a third is alluded to.
(C) An outmoded scholarly approach is described, and a corrective approach is called for.
(D) An argument is outlined, and counter arguments are mentioned.
(E) A historical era is described in terms of its political trends.

The passage says "Like the old approach, however, this new approach excluded women".
What I inferred from this like is "New approach neglected women and old approach included women".
Since word however is used to show contrast.
But, my inference is wrong as per OE.

Thanks & regards,
Sunil01
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The new school of political history that emerged in the [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2016, 05:13
1
KUDOS
Top Contributor
Sunil01:
Apologises for late response. Leme know if this answers ur query.

The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and 1970’s sought to go beyond the traditional focus blah blah...
Like the old approach, however, this new approach excluded women.

>> A new school of PH emerged... However, like old approach, new approach suffered same flaw. How?

The very techniques these historians used to uncover mass political behavior in the nineteenth-century United State – quantitative analyses of election returns, for example –were useless in analyzing the political activities of women, who were denied the vote until 1920.
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2016, 23:52
4. According to the passage, Paula Baker and the new political historians of the 1960’s and 1970’s shared which of the following?
(A) A commitment to interest-group politics
(B) A disregard for political theory and ideology
(C) An interest in the ways in which nineteenth-century politics prefigured contemporary politics
(D) A reliance on such quatitiative techniques as the analysis of election returns
(E) An emplasis on the political involvement of ordinary citizens

New political historians : by examining directly the political practices of ordinary citizens (to go beyond the traditional focus of political historians on leaders and government institutions) excluding women

By redefining “political activity,” historian Paula Baker has developed a political history that includes women. so included women. so both - An emplasis on the political involvement of ordinary citizens

6. The information in the passage suggests that a pre1960’s political historian would have been most likely to undertake which of the following studies?
(A) An analysis of voting trends among women voters of the 1920’s
(B) A study of male voters’ gradual ideological shift from party politics to issue-oriented politics
(C) A biography of an influential nineteenth-century minister of foreign affairs
(D) An analysis of narratives written by previously unrecognized women activitists
(E) A study of voting trends among naturalized immigrant laborers in a nineteenth-century logging camp

New political historians : by examining directly the political practices of ordinary citizens (to go beyond the traditional focus of political historians on leaders and government institutions) excluding women
=> that indicates that a pre1960’s political historian was interested more in "leaders" and "government institute" so C.
Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2016, 23:52

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