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The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and

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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2018, 15:17
1
rakeshachanta wrote:
Why 6th question is "C"?Can anyone please explain?Thanks in advance

This was very nicely explained by MagooshExpert (hi Carolyn!) in the previous post: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-new-scho ... l#p2066547.

jawele wrote:
3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage quotes Baker directly in the second paragraph primarily in order to

(A) clarify a position before providing an alternative to that position
(B) differentiate between a novel definition and traditional definitions
(C) provide an example of a point agreed on by different generations of scholars
(D) provide an example of the prose style of an important historian
(E) amplify a definition given in the first paragraph Made a mistake here. Correct me if I'm wrong, but it's wrong because there is no actual definition given in the first paragraph.

... also, we are told that Paula Baker redefined “political activity.” Her definition of politics would be different that the traditional definition. So even if the first paragraph had a definition, Paula's definition would not AMPLIFY the definition in the first paragraph.
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2018, 01:21
Can someone explain how the answer is B

The information in the passage suggests that a pre1960’s political historian would have been most likely to undertake which of the following studies?

An analysis of voting trends among women voters of the 1920’s
A study of male voters’ gradual ideological shift from party politics to issue-oriented politics
A biography of an influential nineteenth century minister of foreign affairs
An analysis of narratives written by previously unrecognized women activities
A study of voting trends among naturalized immigrant laborers in a nineteenth-century logging camp
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2018, 00:48
spatel2 wrote:
B, D, B, E, A, C

9:07 for 4 questions :)

10:40 for all 6 questions

Here to help if anyone needs dissection of this passage. :)

Any and all Kudos are appreciated


Could you help in how the answer is B in the 3rd question of this passage? Where did you get the hint?

Thanks
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2018, 01:34
hongg7 wrote:
spatel2 wrote:
B, D, B, E, A, C

9:07 for 4 questions :)

10:40 for all 6 questions

Here to help if anyone needs dissection of this passage. :)

Any and all Kudos are appreciated


Could you help in how the answer is B in the 3rd question of this passage? Where did you get the hint?

Thanks


Although, I got this wrong (my option was 'E' but learnt how from explanation above by GMATninja), I figured out how 'B' is the answer.
I will try my bit to explain, what I understood:

This is an inference question - meaning it has to be true (in all conditions and not on some 'if's) though not defined directly.
As elaborated b GMATNinja, second paragraph in the passage begins with,
" By redefining “political activity,” historian Paula Baker has developed.....". This clearly indicates that she has surpassed/distinguished herself from the previous two streams of thoughts.

Hope this helps.

Thanks
The Graceful

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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2018, 01:40
kanak123 wrote:
Can someone explain how the answer is B

The information in the passage suggests that a pre1960’s political historian would have been most likely to undertake which of the following studies?

An analysis of voting trends among women voters of the 1920’s
A study of male voters’ gradual ideological shift from party politics to issue-oriented politics
A biography of an influential nineteenth century minister of foreign affairs
An analysis of narratives written by previously unrecognized women activities
A study of voting trends among naturalized immigrant laborers in a nineteenth-century logging camp


Okay let me try to explain.
Let's rephrase the question.
The question is asking what would be an historian's act/approach that would have been normal in the era before 1960.

The very first statement of first paragraph - especially second line - talks about this.
The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and 1970’s sought to go beyond the traditional focus of political historians on leaders and government institutions


Option that would have anything of these two would serve as answer, here the option 'B' has both the things political leader and govt. institution.

Hope this helps.

Thanks
Vaibhav Mahabole

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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2018, 02:30
TheGraceful wrote:
hongg7 wrote:
spatel2 wrote:
B, D, B, E, A, C

9:07 for 4 questions :)

10:40 for all 6 questions

Here to help if anyone needs dissection of this passage. :)

Any and all Kudos are appreciated


Could you help in how the answer is B in the 3rd question of this passage? Where did you get the hint?

Thanks


Although, I got this wrong (my option was 'E' but learnt how from explanation above by GMATninja), I figured out how 'B' is the answer.
I will try my bit to explain, what I understood:

This is an inference question - meaning it has to be true (in all conditions and not on some 'if's) though not defined directly.
As elaborated b GMATNinja, second paragraph in the passage begins with,
" By redefining “political activity,” historian Paula Baker has developed.....". This clearly indicates that she has surpassed/distinguished herself from the previous two streams of thoughts.

Hope this helps.

Thanks
The Graceful


Hmm.. I am not quite sure.. which ones are novel definitions and traditional ones?

Thanks for your time ?

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2018, 13:58
1
hongg7 wrote:
Hmm.. I am not quite sure.. which ones are novel definitions and traditional ones?

Thanks for your time ?

Posted from my mobile device

HI hongg7!

Let's take a look at this part of the passage:

Quote:
Defining “politics” as “any action taken to affect the course of behavior of government or of the community,” Baker concludes that, while voting and holding office were restricted to men, women in the nineteenth century organized themselves into societies committed to social issues such as temperance and poverty.


The "traditional" definition of politics, then, would be "voting and holding office". Baker's "novel" definition of politics is “any action taken to affect the course of behavior of government or of the community", for example organizing into committees for social issues.

Does that make sense? :-)

-Carolyn
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2018, 17:46
MagooshExpert wrote:
hongg7 wrote:
Hmm.. I am not quite sure.. which ones are novel definitions and traditional ones?

Thanks for your time
8
Posted from my mobile device

HI hongg7!

Let's take a look at this part of the passage:

Quote:
Defining “politics” as “any action taken to affect the course of behavior of government or of the community,” Baker concludes that, while voting and holding office were restricted to men, women in the nineteenth century organized themselves into societies committed to social issues such as temperance and poverty.


The "traditional" definition of politics, then, would be "voting and holding office". Baker's "novel" definition of politics is “any action taken to affect the course of behavior of government or of the community", for example organizing into committees for social issues.

Does that make sense? :-)

-Carolyn


Yes it does!! Thank you so much :)
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2018, 19:04
is it 600 level question ?
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2018, 04:27
Hi, I need a clarification for Q3: Why isn't he answer "A".
3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage quotes Baker directly in the second paragraph primarily in order to

(A) clarify a position before providing an alternative to that position -
The position is that women were denied to vote and alternative can be that even men started working towards issue-oriented politics.
(B) differentiate between a novel definition and traditional definitions
No differentiation provided as such
(C) provide an example of a point agreed on by different generations of scholars
Baker didn't give any such example
(D) provide an example of the prose style of an important historian
Not sure about this one
(E) amplify a definition given in the first paragraph
Irrelevant
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2018, 17:30
prags1989 wrote:
is it 600 level question ?


Each question on GMAT CLUB has a difficulty tag in the head of the page. In this case it is 600-700 level (medium)
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2018, 15:48
Ilishar wrote:
Hi, I need a clarification for Q3: Why isn't he answer "A".
3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage quotes Baker directly in the second paragraph primarily in order to

(A) clarify a position before providing an alternative to that position -
The position is that women were denied to vote and alternative can be that even men started working towards issue-oriented politics.
(B) differentiate between a novel definition and traditional definitions
No differentiation provided as such
(C) provide an example of a point agreed on by different generations of scholars
Baker didn't give any such example
(D) provide an example of the prose style of an important historian
Not sure about this one
(E) amplify a definition given in the first paragraph
Irrelevant

Hi Ilishar!

Remember that the question is specifically asking why the passage quotes Baker. So it is asking only about this line:

Quote:
Defining “politics” as “any action taken to affect the course of behavior of government or of the community,” Baker concludes that, while voting and holding office were restricted to men, women in the nineteenth century organized themselves into societies committed to social issues such as temperance and poverty.


This could possibly be interpreted as "clarifying" Baker's position, but it is not followed by any alternative to that position -- the remainder of the passage focuses on explaining her position. The fact that women were not allowed to vote is not a position, it's just a fact, and isn't conveyed by Baker's quote.

Hope that helps :)
-Carolyn
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2018, 06:07
P1- focus on ordinary citizens; women are denied; why ? two sides.
P2- study by PB - women involvement at diff level;
Main point - historians are avoiding dtudies on women but PB broke the jinx with her study.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) enumerate reason why both traditional scholarly methods and newer scholarly methods have limitations - no
(B) identify a shortcoming in a scholarly approach and describe an alternative approach - closest in the lot.
(C) provide empirical data to support a long-held scholarly assumption - no
(D) compare two scholarly publications on the basis of their authors’ backgrounds - no
(E) attempt to provide a partial answer to a long-standing scholarly dilemma - no
-----------------------------------------

2. The passage suggests which of the following concerning the techniques used by the new political historians described in the first paragraph of the passage?
The very techniques these historians used to uncover mass political behavior in the nineteenth-century United States—quantitative analyses of election returns, for example—were useless in analyzing the political activities of women, who were denied the vote until 1920.

(D) They were of more use in analyzing the political behavior of nineteenth-century voters than in analyzing the political activities of those who could not vote during that period. -

------------------------------------------
3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage quotes Baker directly in the second paragraph primarily in order to
anchor - PB
PT - she did something that previously mentioned historian avoided completly.

(B) differentiate between a novel definition and traditional definitions - i chose this one cause of the vocab used in it. moreover, it is showing contrast with the traditional theory.
------------------------------------------

4. According to the passage, Paula Baker and the new political historians of the 1960’s and 1970’s shared which of the following?
PT - shared should be common. must be in P2. - need to look for the points for which PB and new political historian agreed. one thing is that both are concerned with ordinary citizens. 1st sentence of P1 + 1st sentence of p2

(E) An emphasis on the political involvement of ordinary citizens
------------------------------------------
5. Which of the following best describes the structure of the first paragraph of the passage?
Mainly this one is concerned about old vs new approach, however not focused on women's status.
(A) Two scholarly approaches are compared, and a shortcoming common to both is identified. - closest.

-------------------------------------------
6. The information in the passage suggests that a pre-1960’s political historian would have been most likely to undertake which of the following studies?
something that exists in this era. focus of political historians on leaders and government institutions
(C) A biography of an influential nineteenth-century minister of foreign affairs - focus on some leader.
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2018, 22:36
Why is the answer B for Q3?

I eliminated B because there was no differentiation between definitions. What is the traditional definition and what is the novel definition here? Or is there, am I missing something?
Selected A without proper justification as I was able to eliminate C, D, E along with B.
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Re: The new school of political history that emerged in the 1960’s and &nbs [#permalink] 17 Oct 2018, 22:36

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