GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Oct 2019, 01:14

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the Uni

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Long way to go!
Joined: 10 Oct 2016
Posts: 1333
Location: Viet Nam
GMAT ToolKit User
The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the Uni  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 30 Sep 2019, 05:09
3
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 278 sessions

45% (03:18) correct 55% (03:10) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 292 sessions

79% (00:57) correct 21% (01:47) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 282 sessions

60% (01:11) correct 40% (01:16) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 277 sessions

64% (00:59) correct 36% (01:05) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 260 sessions

71% (01:16) correct 29% (01:23) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 261 sessions

78% (01:06) correct 22% (01:09) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 7
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 255 sessions

42% (01:19) correct 58% (01:14) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 8
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 244 sessions

60% (00:52) correct 40% (01:01) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 90, Date : 17-MAR-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the United States has increased dramatically, but the ratio of female to male directors remains low. Although pressure to recruit women directors, unlike that to employ women in the general work force, does not derive from legislation, it is nevertheless real.

Although small companies were the first to have women directors, large corporations currently have a higher percentage of women on their boards. When the chairs of these large corporations began recruiting women to serve on boards, they initially sought women who were chief executive officers (CEO’s) of large corporations. However, such women CEO’s are still rare. In addition, the ideal of six CEO’s (female or male) serving on the board of each of the largest corporations is realizable only if every CEO serves on six boards. This raises the specter of director over-commitment and the resultant dilution of contribution. Consequently, the chairs next sought women in business who had the equivalent of CEO experience. However, since it is only recently that large numbers of women have begun to rise in management, the chairs began to recruit women of high achievement outside the business world. Many such women are well known for their contributions in government, education, and the nonprofit sector. The fact that the women from these sectors who were appointed were often acquaintances of the boards’ chairs seems quite reasonable: chairs have always considered it important for directors to interact comfortably in the boardroom.

Although many successful women from outside the business world are unknown to corporate leaders, these women are particularly qualified to serve on boards because of the changing nature of corporations. Today a company’s ability to be responsive to the concerns of the community and the environment can influence that company’s growth and survival. Women are uniquely positioned to be responsive to some of these concerns. Although conditions have changed, it should be remembered that most directors of both sexes are over fifty years old. Women of that generation were often encouraged to direct their attention toward efforts to improve the community. This fact is reflected in the career development of most of the outstandingly successful women of the generation now in their fifties, who currently serve on corporate boards: 25 percent are in education and 22 percent are in government, law, and the nonprofit sector.

One organization of women directors is helping business become more responsive to the changing needs of society by raising the level of corporate awareness about social issues, such as problems with the economy, government regulation, the aging population, and the environment. This organization also serves as a resource center of information on accomplished women who are potential candidates for corporate boards.

1. The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about achievement of the “ideal” (Highlighted)?

(A) It has only recently become a possibility.
(B) It would be easier to meet if more CEO’s were women.
(C) It is very close to being a reality for most corporate boards.
(D) It might affect the quality of directors’ service to corporations.
(E) It would be more realizable if CEO’s had a more extensive range of business experience.


2. According to the passage, the pressure to appoint women to corporate boards differs from the pressure to employ women in the work force in which of the following ways?

(A) Corporate boards are under less pressure because they have such a small number of openings.
(B) Corporate boards have received less pressure from stockholders, consumers, and workers within companies to include women on their boards.
(C) Corporate boards have received less pressure from the media and the public to include women on their boards.
(D) Corporations have only recently been pressured to include women on their boards.
(E) Corporations are not subject to statutory penalty for failing to include women on their boards.


3. All of the following are examples of issues that the organization described in the last paragraph would be likely to advise corporations on EXCEPT

(A) long-term inflation
(B) health and safety regulations
(C) retirement and pension programs
(D) the energy shortage
(E) how to develop new markets


4. It can be inferred from the passage that, when seeking to appoint new members to a corporation’s board, the chair traditionally looked for candidates who

(A) had legal and governmental experience
(B) had experience dealing with community affairs
(C) could work easily with other members of the board
(D) were already involved in establishing policy for that corporation
(E) had influential connections outside the business world


5. According to the passage, which of the following is true about women outside the business world who are currently serving on corporate boards?

(A) Most do not serve on more than one board.
(B) A large percentage will eventually work on the staff of corporations.
(C) Most were already known to the chairs of the board to which they were appointed.
(D) A larger percentage are from government and law than are from the nonprofit sector.
(E) Most are less than fifty years old.


6. The passage suggests that corporations of the past differ from modern corporations in which of the following ways?

(A) Corporations had greater input on government policies affecting the business community.
(B) Corporations were less responsive to the financial needs of their employees.
(C) The ability of a corporation to keep up with changing markets was not a crucial factor in its success.
(D) A corporation’s effectiveness in coping with community needs was less likely to affect its growth and prosperity.
(E) Corporations were subject to more stringent government regulations.


7. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?

(A) A problem is described, and then reasons why various proposed solutions succeeded or failed are discussed.
(B) A problem is described, and then an advantage of resolving it is offered.
(C) A problem is described, and then reasons for its continuing existence are summarized.
(D) The historical origins of a problem are described, and then various measures that have successfully resolved it are discussed.
(E) The causes of a problem are described, and then its effects are discussed.


8. It can be inferred from the passage that factors making women uniquely valuable members of modern corporate boards would include which of the following?

I. The nature of modern corporations
II. The increased number of women CEO’s
III. The careers pursued by women currently available to serve on corporate boards

(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and III only
(E) I, II, and III




Difficulty Level: 650

_________________

Originally posted by broall on 04 Oct 2017, 09:08.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 30 Sep 2019, 05:09, edited 2 times in total.
Updated - Complete topic (744).
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 10 Sep 2015
Posts: 67
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
GMAT 1: 640 Q47 V31
GMAT 2: 660 Q47 V35
GMAT 3: 700 Q49 V36
GPA: 4
Reviews Badge
Re: The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the Uni  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 May 2018, 08:03
1
Hi broall,

Could you please explain the answer of question 3rd. I think it should be option D

TIA
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Oct 2017
Posts: 237
GMAT 1: 710 Q44 V41
Re: The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the Uni  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 May 2018, 08:29
asthagupta wrote:
Hi broall,

Could you please explain the answer of question 3rd. I think it should be option D

TIA

Let's take a look at the relevant part of the passage:
Quote:
economy, government regulation, the aging population, and the environment

Energy shortage is related to the environment because all kinds of energy production such as plants impact the environment. Hence, we can rule out option D.

Developing new markets isn't something that isn't fully included in the fields mentioned in the passage. Economy refers to the economy as a whole and developing new markets isn't of concern for someone who analyzes the state of the economy.

I agree that the distinction is quite hard but its still possible.

Hopet that helps :-)
_________________
My goal: 700 GMAT score - REACHED :-) | My debrief - first attempt 710 (Q44,V41,IR7)

If I could help you with my answer, consider giving me Kudos
Senior RC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 4118
GPA: 3.39
Re: The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the Uni  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Mar 2019, 01:37
A good Passage to practice, almost nothing is flawed neither Passage nor Questions. Got 7 correct out of 8 in 13 minutes.

Difficulty Level is as following

Question 1: 700
Question 2: 550
Question 3: 650
Question 4: 650
Question 5: 600
Question 6: 600
Question 7: 700
Question 8: 650

Overall: 650
_________________
Senior RC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 4118
GPA: 3.39
Re: The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the Uni  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Mar 2019, 01:47
Quote:
Hi broall,

Could you please explain the answer of question 3rd. I think it should be option D

TIA


asthagupta
GittinGud

regarding your question Masterscorp answered beautifully, i want to add a little.

Read these lines from last paragraph

"One organization of women directors is helping business become more responsive to the changing needs of society by raising the level of corporate awareness about social issues, such as problems with the economy, government regulation, the aging population, and the environment. This organization also serves as a resource center of information on accomplished women who are potential candidates for corporate boards."

Now read answer choices

(A) long-term inflation (Remember lines from para, problems with the economy)
(B) health and safety regulations (government regulation)
(C) retirement and pension programs (the aging population)
(D) the energy shortage (It could be an environmental problem and also an Economic issue, we have to validate it by passage not to segregate it correctly)
(E) how to develop new markets (Cannot be proved with the help of passage)

Note: Don't take things from other paragraphs

Hope it helps
_________________
Senior RC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 4118
GPA: 3.39
Re: The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the Uni  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Mar 2019, 02:21
1
Hello members

soumya170293
jamesmartin
GittinGud

This post is for you

Explanation


1.The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about achievement of the “ideal” (Highlighted)?

Explanation

First read these lines

"In addition, the ideal of six CEO’s (female or male) serving on the board of each of the largest corporations is realizable only if every CEO serves on six boards."

Now read answer choices

(A) It has only recently become a possibility. - It has different meanings for example it could mean that being an ideal CEO has recently been possible but how we can conclude this?. It giving unrelated knowledge. Cross it.

(B) It would be easier to meet if more CEO’s were women. - Definitely out of the race

(C) It is very close to being a reality for most corporate boards. Not validated by the passage.

(D) It might affect the quality of directors’ service to corporations. This is correct, if we read lines from passage and concentrate on words
"In addition, the ideal of six CEO’s (female or male) serving on the board of each of the largest corporations is realizable only if every CEO serves on six boards."

(E) It would be more realizable if CEO’s had a more extensive range of business experience. - This option is a close competitor of D but what makes it wrong is its quantity words. We are concerned with realizable ideals not more realizable.

ANSWER: D


3. All of the following are examples of issues that the organization described in the last paragraph would be likely to advise corporations on EXCEPT

Read these lines from last paragraph

"One organization of women directors is helping business become more responsive to the changing needs of society by raising the level of corporate awareness about social issues, such as problems with the economy, government regulation, the aging population, and the environment. This organization also serves as a resource center of information on accomplished women who are potential candidates for corporate boards."

Explanation

Now read answer choices

(A) long-term inflation (Remember lines from para, problems with the economy)

(B) health and safety regulations (government regulation)

(C) retirement and pension programs (the aging population)

(D) the energy shortage (This is closed one but we can find it by closed attention. This could be an environmental problem or an Economic issue, we have to validate it by passage not to segregate it correctly)

(E) how to develop new markets (Cannot be proved with the help of passage)

Note: Don't take things from other paragraphs

ANSWER: E


I got question number 4 wrong, so i let others to explain the same.

7. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?

Explanation

(A) A problem is described, (Definitely a problem is described) and then reasons why various proposed solutions succeeded or failed are discussed. - There are no such reason are given but related information about the problem is given.

(B) A problem is described, and then an advantage of resolving it is offered. - In 1st para the problem is described and in 3rd paragraph advantages are described.

(C) A problem is described, and then reasons for its continuing existence are summarized.- It ignores the direction of the main purpose.

(D) The historical origins of a problem are described, and then various measures that have successfully resolved it are discussed. No history is mentioned in the passage

(E) The causes of a problem are described, and then its effects are discussed. - No effects are discussed

ANSWER: B


Hope it helps
_________________
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2400
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the Uni  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Apr 2019, 11:45
2
All correct in 13 mins including almost 4 mins to read

Para 1- women on Board of directors
Para 2- selecting board members; high-achievers women outside the business world
Para 3- Why non-business high-achievers women in Board?
Para 4- One organization of women directors- raising the level of corporate awareness

1. The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about achievement of the “ideal” (Highlighted)?
(D) It might affect the quality of directors’ service to corporations.- Correct

In addition, the ideal of six CEO’s (female or male) serving on the board of each of the largest corporations is realizable only if every CEO serves on six boards. This raises the specter of director over-commitment and the resultant dilution of contribution.

2. According to the passage, the pressure to appoint women to corporate boards differs from the pressure to employ women in the work force in which of the following ways?
(E) Corporations are not subject to statutory penalty for failing to include women on their boards.- Correct

Although pressure to recruit women directors, unlike that to employ women in the general work force, does not derive from legislation, it is nevertheless real.

3. All of the following are examples of issues that the organization described in the last paragraph would be likely to advise corporations on EXCEPT

(A) long-term inflation
(B) health and safety regulations
(C) retirement and pension programs
(D) the energy shortage
(E) how to develop new markets - Correct

One organization of women directors is helping business become more responsive to the changing needs of society by raising the level of corporate awareness about social issues, such as problems with the economy, government regulation, the aging population, and the environment.

4. It can be inferred from the passage that, when seeking to appoint new members to a corporation’s board, the chair traditionally looked for candidates who

(A) had legal and governmental experience- incorrect
(B) had experience dealing with community affairs- incorrect; this wasn't traditionally used
(C) could work easily with other members of the board- Correct
(D) were already involved in establishing policy for that corporation- incorrect; 'that' corporation makes it incorrect
(E) had influential connections outside the business world- incorrect

When the chairs of these large corporations began recruiting women to serve on boards, they initially sought women who were chief executive officers (CEO’s) of large corporations. However, such women CEO’s are still rare. In addition, the ideal of six CEO’s (female or male) serving on the board of each of the largest corporations is realizable only if every CEO serves on six boards.

5. According to the passage, which of the following is true about women outside the business world who are currently serving on corporate boards?
(C) Most were already known to the chairs of the board to which they were appointed.

The fact that the women from these sectors who were appointed were often acquaintances of the boards’ chairs seems quite reasonable: chairs have always considered it important for directors to interact comfortably in the boardroom.

6. The passage suggests that corporations of the past differ from modern corporations in which of the following ways?
(D) A corporation’s effectiveness in coping with community needs was less likely to affect its growth and prosperity.

these women are particularly qualified to serve on boards because of the changing nature of corporations. Today a company’s ability to be responsive to the concerns of the community and the environment can influence that company’s growth and survival.

7. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?
(B) A problem is described, and then an advantage of resolving it is offered.- Correct; the problem is the ratio of women in board of corporations and the advantage offered is due to changing nature of corporations

Today a company’s ability to be responsive to the concerns of the community and the environment can influence that company’s growth and survival. Women are uniquely positioned to be responsive to some of these concerns.

8. It can be inferred from the passage that factors making women uniquely valuable members of modern corporate boards would include which of the following?
I. The nature of modern corporations
III. The careers pursued by women currently available to serve on corporate boards

Although many successful women from outside the business world are unknown to corporate leaders, these women are particularly qualified to serve on boards because of the changing nature of corporations.

Women are uniquely positioned to be responsive to some of these concerns.

Many such women are well known for their contributions in government, education, and the nonprofit sector.
_________________
When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 09 May 2017
Posts: 232
Location: Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Re: The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the Uni  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jul 2019, 22:33
4. It can be inferred from the passage that, when seeking to appoint new members to a corporation’s board, the chair traditionally looked for candidates who

(A) had legal and governmental experience
(B) had experience dealing with community affairs
(C) could work easily with other members of the board
(D) were already involved in establishing policy for that corporation
(E) had influential connections outside the business world




...... chairs have always considered it important for directors to interact comfortably in the boardroom. THAT IS ANSWER
_________________
behind every principle is not always promising
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the Uni   [#permalink] 11 Jul 2019, 22:33
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The number of women directors appointed to corporate boards in the Uni

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne