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The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels

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The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2008, 19:31
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The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels differ from those of the flying squirrels in the family Sciuridae because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

(A) because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of

(B) because of being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

(C) in their attachment to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of being attached at

(D) in that they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

(E) in their being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2016, 09:39
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smartguy595 wrote:
RyanDe680 wrote:
The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels differ from those of the flying squirrels in the family Sciuridae because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

A) because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of

B) because of being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

C) in their attachment to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of being attached at

D) in that they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

E) in their being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of


Can someone explain why option 'A' is incorrect!

instead of - replacement
rather than - preference

here the original sentence says - there is some difference because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

so X is attached to a cartilage rod at elbow instead of (at) the wrist - can 'at' acts like ellipse here?

I felt option D is incorrect as 'rather than' gives the meaning of preference! please explain where am I going wrong


Option A is wrong because of the use of "because" .....The membranes differ not because they are attached to cartilage, but because of some evolutionary and adaptive factors. The required phrase should answer the questions in what way they differ, not why they differ. Therefore the use of " in that" is better than use of "because".

One may replace "instead of" with "rather than" in all cases (although the vice versa is not true).

"Instead of" is applicable for nouns only. "Rather than" is applicable for nouns and all others (including prepositional phrases as in this case). Hence use of "instead of" would be wrong in option D (used for prepositional phrase at the wrist).
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2008, 20:44
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D for me

Need the "at" at the end for comparison - eliminate A and E

Next thing to figure out is what does "they" refer to ? In options

RyanDe680 wrote:
This one was good.....


The parachute like membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels differ from those of the flying squirrels in the family Sciuridae because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

A) because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of [at?]

B) because of being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at <-- not clear what is "being attached to"

C) in their attachment to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of being attached at <-- "in their attachment" changes the meaning


D) in that they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at


E) in their being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of [at?]


OA to follow.
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2008, 07:11
RyanDe680 wrote:
This one was good.....


The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels differ from those of the flying squirrels in the family Sciuridae because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

A) because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of

B) because of being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

C) in their attachment to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of being attached at

D) in that they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

E) in their being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of


OA to follow.


D too.
While "being" is sometimes correct, "being" in this problem is not. To me, "being" in GMAT is correct only when it acts as a noun. Eliminate B, C, E.
It was a close call, but I eliminated A because I feel that D has clearer sentence.
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2008, 20:05
I choose D.

The answer choice needs to have "rather than" to make a proper comparison.
This is present in B and D.
Being is ambigious in B. So that leaves D.
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Jul 2016, 06:14
The parachute like membranes of Africa’s scaly-tailed flying squirrels differ from those of the flying squirrels in the family Scuridae because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

A – because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of
B – because of being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at
C – in their attachment to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of being attached at
D – in that they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather that at
E – in their being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of

Originally posted by Ashwin_Mohan on 09 Jul 2008, 15:45.
Last edited by Vyshak on 15 Jul 2016, 06:14, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2008, 18:25
Ashwin_Mohan wrote:
The parachutelike membranes of Africa’s scaly-tailed flying squirrels differ from those of the flying squirrels in the family Scuridae because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

A – because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of
B – because of being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at
C – in their attachment to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of being attached at
D – in that they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather that at
E – in their being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of

Have fun with this guys!!....yea yea I got it wrong!!


though I don't like "they" in D I will go for D by POE.
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2008, 18:41
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Give me D.

They/their - A,C,E - incorrectly refers to the "squirrels" instead of referring to the "membranes"
B - "because of being attached" sounds as if the squirrels are attached to the cartilage rod

B -> out

D wins

There are also errors incomparision
The Sc wants to draw a comparision between - cartilage at the elbow and cartilage at the wrist.
But the modifier errors wer sufficient to reach the correct answer
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2009, 15:03
The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels differ from those of the flying squirrels in the family Sciuridae because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

A) because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of

B) because of being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

C) in their attachment to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of being attached at

D) in that they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

E) in their being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of


Oa:D

SO let;s get started.A and B are out because Differ..in is to be used.
Between C,D and E we can choose D Because Being is mostly considered incorrect in GMAT.
However,sometimes BEING IS considered to be correct..so I got a bt confused in this question.Moreover,D has the same problem with the other options "that/their" does not have a refferent.Please clarify.
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2011, 00:33
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+1 for D.

"in that" is used to give one way of contrast. (here difference). The choice was between A and D.

We need to ascertain what are the two things being compared:

membranes attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow
VS
membranes attached TO/AT the wrist. => TO/AT is missing in the original sentence. Hence A is out.


D is the winner.


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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2011, 12:21
+1 D

We need parallelism: at...at
instead of is not correct with "at" (at is a preposition too).
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2016, 00:38
RyanDe680 wrote:
The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels differ from those of the flying squirrels in the family Sciuridae because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

A) because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of

B) because of being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

C) in their attachment to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of being attached at

D) in that they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

E) in their being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of


Can someone explain why option 'A' is incorrect!

instead of - replacement
rather than - preference

here the original sentence says - there is some difference because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

so X is attached to a cartilage rod at elbow instead of (at) the wrist - can 'at' acts like ellipse here?

I felt option D is incorrect as 'rather than' gives the meaning of preference! please explain where am I going wrong
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2016, 10:20
sayantanc2k wrote:
smartguy595 wrote:
RyanDe680 wrote:
The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels differ from those of the flying squirrels in the family Sciuridae because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

A) because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of

B) because of being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

C) in their attachment to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of being attached at

D) in that they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

E) in their being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of


Can someone explain why option 'A' is incorrect!

instead of - replacement
rather than - preference

here the original sentence says - there is some difference because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

so X is attached to a cartilage rod at elbow instead of (at) the wrist - can 'at' acts like ellipse here?

I felt option D is incorrect as 'rather than' gives the meaning of preference! please explain where am I going wrong


Option A is wrong because of the use of "because" .....The membranes differ not because they are attached to cartilage, but because of some evolutionary and adaptive factors. The required phrase should answer the questions in what way they differ, not why they differ. Therefore the use of " in that" is better than use of "because".

One may replace "instead of" with "rather than" in all cases (although the vice versa is not true).

"Instead of" is applicable for nouns only. "Rather than" is applicable for nouns and all others (including prepositional phrases as in this case). Hence use of "instead of" would be wrong in option D (used for prepositional phrase at the wrist).


but 'in that' also conveys the meaning of 'because'?
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2016, 10:28
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smartguy595 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
smartguy595 wrote:

Can someone explain why option 'A' is incorrect!

instead of - replacement
rather than - preference

here the original sentence says - there is some difference because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

so X is attached to a cartilage rod at elbow instead of (at) the wrist - can 'at' acts like ellipse here?

I felt option D is incorrect as 'rather than' gives the meaning of preference! please explain where am I going wrong


Option A is wrong because of the use of "because" .....The membranes differ not because they are attached to cartilage, but because of some evolutionary and adaptive factors. The required phrase should answer the questions in what way they differ, not why they differ. Therefore the use of " in that" is better than use of "because".

One may replace "instead of" with "rather than" in all cases (although the vice versa is not true).

"Instead of" is applicable for nouns only. "Rather than" is applicable for nouns and all others (including prepositional phrases as in this case). Hence use of "instead of" would be wrong in option D (used for prepositional phrase at the wrist).


but 'in that' also conveys the meaning of 'because'?


I would disagree on this. "In that" does not mean "because". The phrase "in that" is used in response to the question "in what way?". The word "because" is used in response to the question "why?".
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2016, 10:31
sayantanc2k,

Noted! thank you :)
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 03:14
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the correct idiomatic expression with 'differ' is 'differ in...', so a-b are out. (if you said 'differ because', you'd have to give the reason behind the genesis of the difference, not the nature of the difference itself.) that leaves c-d-e, which all contain the supposedly ambiguous pronoun - so you're stuck with it.
"being" is a big problem. if you don't realize it's a big problem, you should recalibrate your idea of what's a big problem and what's not.
remember, the gmat is the only authority on these things, and the gmat really, really, really doesn't like "being" when you're discussing the identity or properties of things.

--

however, there's an even bigger problem: "because" is wrong.
in formal writing, "because" signifies an actual cause-effect relationship. if the latter thing didn't actually cause the former thing, then you can't use the word "because".

examples:

my brother and i are different in that he takes life much more seriously than i do.
according to this sentence, the way in which my brother and i are different is that he's a more serious guy than i am.
no cause and effect here.

my brother and i are different because he takes life much more seriously than i do.
according to this sentence, his more serious character, and my less serious one, have caused differences in us. in other words, the pre-existing difference in our character has actually led to further differences between us.
cause and effect relationship.

in this sentence, you're clearly trying to say that the cartilage rod attachment IS the difference, not that it causes the difference. therefore, "because" is incorrect.

As per Ron
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2018, 01:54
The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels differ from those of the flying squirrels in the family Sciuridae because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of the wrist.

(A) because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of

(B) because of being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

(C) in their attachment to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of being attached at

(D) in that they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

(E) in their being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of
Ok answer is d.
But still I have some issues with d.
It is not clear what they is referring to membranes or squirrels.
Please clarify this point
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2019, 00:41
in all official question, if there are split between rather than and instead of, i never see instead of in the official answer.

and, I also never see a full explanation about the difference between rather than and instead of.

this question, once again , confirms above remarks.

now, I try to present the explanation of difference between rather than and instead of.

instead of mean in place of. this phrase is used when x and y are similar and have the same purpose semantically. there is no contradiction between x and y

I drink tea instead of coffee in thin morning.

this sentence means, normally I drink coffed in the morning. but this morning, I drink tea . tea and coffee are similar in that they are a drink in the morning. no contradiction between them

I studies MBA at US business school rather than at low quality business school

there is a difference between US business school and low quality business school. they are not similar. that is why rather than is used

in short

x rather than y: when x and y are different semantically. here we want to focus on the difference between x and y
x instead of y: when x and y are similar semantically. here we want to focus on similarity between x and y

in all og and gmatpre questions, rather than is correct because the meaning focuses on the difference between x and y, but not the similarity

i dont know whether my explanation is correct. pls, comment, dispute or give kudos

thank you
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 21:46
GMATNinja daagh generis
Can someone please help in explaining this question?
I selected option A but still i'm pretty confused with the pronoun ambiguity in all the options. Also in option D what does 'in that' and 'they' refer to?
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2019, 02:45
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techloverforever wrote:
GMATNinja daagh generis
Can someone please help in explaining this question?
I selected option A but still i'm pretty confused with the pronoun ambiguity in all the options. Also in option D what does 'in that' and 'they' refer to?
The they refers to "the parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels". The in that helps to specify exactly how the two things (membranes) are different from each other.

Complicating all of this is the fact that the GMAT does not really like in that. :)
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Re: The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels   [#permalink] 08 Jul 2019, 02:45
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