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The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise

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The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include sudden crashes in the economy, discrimination and other methods of finding scapegoats, inciting the masses to rebellion, and their protesting that the current government may still be inadequate.

(A) inciting the masses to rebellion, and their protesting that the current government may still be inadequate
(B) inciting the masses to rebellion, and a protest that the current government may still be inadequate.
(C) an incitement of the masses to rebellion, and a protesting that the current government may still be inadequate.
(D) an incitement of the masses to rebellion, and a protest of the still inadequate current government
(E) an incitement of the masses to rebellion, and a protest that the current government may still be inadequate.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2017, 19:53
Someone please explain the OA.
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Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2017, 23:36
Similar ideas must be kept parallel :
The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include sudden crashes in the economy, [Modifier],an incitement of .... and a protest...
So, eliminate A,B and C.
D : X of Y signify possession, here "protest" does not belong to "current government". Also the change from "current goverment may still be inadequete" to "inadequete current goverment" changes the meaning. Eliminate D
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Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2017, 01:08
Quote:
The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include
sudden crashes in the economy, discrimination and other methods of finding
scapegoats, inciting the masses to rebellion, and their protesting that the current
government may still be inadequate.


I saw the word finding and chose B. Finding --> Inciting for a parallel structure.

avik5503, Can you please explain what role does the word finding play here?
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Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2017, 01:19
E. There is a list and A and B are out due to parallelism error because they must be nouns. Further in C there must be a noun after and to finish the list hence C is out. D is out because of meaning and modification error.

Of Finding is a prepositional phrase. Similar phrases are modifying the noun elements in the list.

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Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2017, 01:05
nitred wrote:
Quote:
The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include
sudden crashes in the economy, discrimination and other methods of finding
scapegoats, inciting the masses to rebellion, and their protesting that the current
government may still be inadequate.


I saw the word finding and chose B. Finding --> Inciting for a parallel structure.

avik5503, Can you please explain what role does the word finding play here?


nitred "discrimination and other methods of finding scapegoats" is an adverb of manner - how "sudden crashes in the economy" is achieved.

Even if we consider you point, then "of finding" becomes parallel to "inciting". Then "and a protest" must be parallel with the initial noun phrase "sudden crash"
The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include sudden crashes in the economy [and]
The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include a protest that the current government may still be inadequate.
Now, technically we need another "and" to join "finding" and "inciting". Eliminate B.
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Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2017, 19:28
nitred wrote:
The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include
sudden crashes in the economy, discrimination and other methods of finding
scapegoats, inciting the masses to rebellion, and their protesting that the current
government may still be inadequate
.

(A) inciting the masses to rebellion, and their protesting that the current government may still be inadequate
(B) inciting the masses to rebellion, and a protest that the current government may still be inadequate.
(C) an incitement of the masses to rebellion, and a protesting that the current government may still be inadequate.
(D) an incitement of the masses to rebellion, and a protest of the still inadequate current government
(E) an incitement of the masses to rebellion, and a protest that the current government may still be inadequate.


option A . has their ,which has not any clear antecedent and also ing is wrong modifier here
option B . same as A ing is wrong modifier
option C . run-on sentence
option D. and protest should be followed by that as two action being done here forces and protest .
hence option E left concise and clear .

hope it helps
please correct me where i am wrong :P
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Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include
sudden crashes in the economy, discrimination and other methods of finding
scapegoats, inciting the masses to rebellion, and their protesting that the current
government may still be inadequate.

'incitement' keeps the parallelism

(A) inciting the masses to rebellion, and their protesting that the current government may still be inadequate
(B) inciting the masses to rebellion, and a protest that the current government may still be inadequate.
(C) an incitement of the masses to rebellion, and a protesting that the current government may still be inadequate.
(D) an incitement of the masses to rebellion, and a protest of the still inadequate current government
changes the meaning.
current government DOES NOT protest.
(E) an incitement of the masses to rebellion, and a protest that the current government may still be inadequate.
Correct.
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Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2017, 04:28
There are many good explanation in the forumBut I just want to add an extra information.

Option B would be correct if it were written as the inciting of the masses to rebellion.compound gerrund is always parallel to noun. :-D :-D
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Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2017, 08:09
The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include
sudden crashes in the economy, discrimination and other methods of finding
scapegoats, inciting the masses to rebellion, and their protesting that the current
government may still be inadequate
.

(B) inciting the masses to rebellion, and a protest that the current government may still be inadequate.

mikemcgarry

Hello Mike,
Hope you're doing well. Please assist me with my query.

In spite of the comma before 'and', why can not the red part act as a modifier for the previous item of list -'discrimination....' , there by making the 'a protest..' third item of the list ? Where am I at fault in understanding the question the following way ?

The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include
1. sudden crashes in the economy
2. discrimination and other methods of finding scapegoats, inciting the masses to rebellion
3. a protest

Thank You.

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Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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TaN1213 wrote:
The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include
sudden crashes in the economy, discrimination and other methods of finding
scapegoats, inciting the masses to rebellion, and their protesting that the current
government may still be inadequate
.

(B) inciting the masses to rebellion, and a protest that the current government may still be inadequate.

mikemcgarry

Hello Mike,
Hope you're doing well. Please assist me with my query.

In spite of the comma before 'and', why can not the red part act as a modifier for the previous item of list -'discrimination....' , there by making the 'a protest..' third item of the list ? Where am I at fault in understanding the question the following way ?

The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include
1. sudden crashes in the economy
2. discrimination and other methods of finding scapegoats, inciting the masses to rebellion
3. a protest

Thank You.

Dear TaN1213,

Thank you for asking a very thoughtful and well-formulated question. I'm happy to respond. :-)

Usually, the MGMAT questions are superb--those people are brilliant! This one feels a little formulaic and unsatisfying. Typically, a good GMAT SC OA follows all the rules and is an incredibly well-written sentence. This one has an OA that, but in following the rules, it lands on something awkward.

The point you are raising is a legitimate issue in this question. Here's the thing, though. The word "inciting" could be read as either the third element of four in parallel, or as the modifier of the second element of three in parallel. That's ambiguity, and ambiguity is always wrong 100% of the time on the GMAT.

If we wanted to indicate clearly that "inciting" modifies the second element, I think we would have to rearrange the sentence:

The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include sudden crashes in the economy, a protest that the current government may still be inadequate, and discrimination and other methods of finding scapegoats, separative techniques that incite the masses to rebel.

That version has no ambiguity, but it seems to have a meaning different from what the intelligent folks at MGMAT intended.

I don't know. Choice (B) feels most natural, although I understand that this version doesn't follow the GMAT rules to the letter. Choice (E) is technically correct but screamingly awkward. I don't know. I find this questions unsatisfying, one of the exceedingly few MGMAT questions that leaves me feeling this way.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2017, 12:49
mikemcgarry wrote:
TaN1213 wrote:
The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include
sudden crashes in the economy, discrimination and other methods of finding
scapegoats, inciting the masses to rebellion, and their protesting that the current
government may still be inadequate
.

(B) inciting the masses to rebellion, and a protest that the current government may still be inadequate.

mikemcgarry

Hello Mike,
Hope you're doing well. Please assist me with my query.

In spite of the comma before 'and', why can not the red part act as a modifier for the previous item of list -'discrimination....' , there by making the 'a protest..' third item of the list ? Where am I at fault in understanding the question the following way ?

The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include
1. sudden crashes in the economy
2. discrimination and other methods of finding scapegoats, inciting the masses to rebellion
3. a protest

Thank You.

Dear TaN1213,

Thank you for asking a very thoughtful and well-formulated question. I'm happy to respond. :-)

Usually, the MGMAT questions are superb--those people are brilliant! This one feels a little formulaic and unsatisfying. Typically, a good GMAT SC OA follows all the rules and is an incredibly well-written sentence. This one has an OA that, but in following the rules, it lands on something awkward.

The point you are raising is a legitimate issue in this question. Here's the thing, though. The word "inciting" could be read as either the third element of four in parallel, or as the modifier of the second element of three in parallel. That's ambiguity, and ambiguity is always wrong 100% of the time on the GMAT.

If we wanted to indicate clearly that "inciting" modifies the second element, I think we would have to rearrange the sentence:

The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise to power include sudden crashes in the economy, a protest that the current government may still be inadequate, and discrimination and other methods of finding scapegoats, separative techniques that incite the masses to rebel.

That version has no ambiguity, but it seems to have a meaning different from what the intelligent folks at MGMAT intended.

I don't know. Choice (B) feels most natural, although I understand that this version doesn't follow the GMAT rules to the letter. Choice (E) is technically correct but screamingly awkward. I don't know. I find this questions unsatisfying, one of the exceedingly few MGMAT questions that leaves me feeling this way.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)

Thank you Mike. My thoughts were absolutely in consensus with yours.
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Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2018, 01:26
I also take B because it fits by meaning not just for clear parallelism
Re: The political and social forces that may facilitate a dictator’s rise   [#permalink] 17 Apr 2018, 01:26
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