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The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, us

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The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, us  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 13 Jan 2019, 08:20
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The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool, only serving a special kind of chocolate flavored with Jasmine to important allies.

(A) that dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool,
(B) was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance, using chocolate as a political tool,
(C) that dominated the Italian Renaissance by using chocolate as a political tool,
(D) who dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool,
(E) who’s domination of the Italian Renaissance was based on the use of chocolate as a political tool,

Source: GMAT For Dummies
Difficulty Level: 600

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Originally posted by SajjadAhmad on 14 May 2017, 10:06.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 13 Jan 2019, 08:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, us  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2017, 23:51
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The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool, only serving a special kind of chocolate flavored with Jasmine to important allies.

(A) that dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool, (Comma before that clause is always wrong)
(B) was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance, using chocolate as a political tool, (Using chocolate Medici family was able to dominate Italian totally changes the meaning of original sentence)
(C) that dominated the Italian Renaissance by using chocolate as a political tool, (Same as A)
(D) who dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool, (Correct)
(E) who’s domination of the Italian Renaissance was based on the use of chocolate as a political tool, (Lack of main verb in the sentence)

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Re: The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, us  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2017, 01:36
The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool, only serving a special kind of chocolate flavored with Jasmine to important allies.

(A) that dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool,
(B) was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance, using chocolate as a political tool,
(C) that dominated the Italian Renaissance by using chocolate as a political tool,
(D) who dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool,
(E) who???s domination of the Italian Renaissance was based on the use of chocolate as a political tool,

Please Explain why Option B here is incorrect.
was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance, using chocolate as a political tool,

My understanding of Verb-ing clause it correctly modifies the preceeding subject clause "was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance".

Thanks.
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Re: The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, us  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2017, 05:23
rahimk7 wrote:
The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool, only serving a special kind of chocolate flavored with Jasmine to important allies.

(A) that dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool,
(B) was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance, using chocolate as a political tool,
(C) that dominated the Italian Renaissance by using chocolate as a political tool,
(D) who dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool,
(E) who???s domination of the Italian Renaissance was based on the use of chocolate as a political tool,

Please Explain why Option B here is incorrect.
was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance, using chocolate as a political tool,

My understanding of Verb-ing clause it correctly modifies the preceeding subject clause "was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance".

Thanks.


Comma + present participle modifier is used as a verb modifier (generally referring to the verb of the preceding clause). You are right in saying that the present participle modifier "using..." refers to the clause "was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance". Actually the modifier "using...." refers to the verb "was able" (how the family was able?... by using chocolate). So this part is fine.

Now consider the next present participle modifier "serving....". This modifier also must refer to a verb - in this case the verb "use". But in option B, there is no verb "use" - the action "use" has been constructed in present participle form. So the problem is that the present participle "serving...." refers to another present participle "using.....", rather than a verb.

Hence option B is incorrect.
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Re: The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, us  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2017, 10:49
sayantanc2k wrote:
rahimk7 wrote:
The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool, only serving a special kind of chocolate flavored with Jasmine to important allies.

(A) that dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool,
(B) was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance, using chocolate as a political tool,
(C) that dominated the Italian Renaissance by using chocolate as a political tool,
(D) who dominated the Italian Renaissance, used chocolate as a political tool,
(E) who???s domination of the Italian Renaissance was based on the use of chocolate as a political tool,

Please Explain why Option B here is incorrect.
was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance, using chocolate as a political tool,

My understanding of Verb-ing clause it correctly modifies the preceeding subject clause "was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance".

Thanks.


Comma + present participle modifier is used as a verb modifier (generally referring to the verb of the preceding clause). You are right in saying that the present participle modifier "using..." refers to the clause "was able to dominate the Italian Renaissance". Actually the modifier "using...." refers to the verb "was able" (how the family was able?... by using chocolate). So this part is fine.

Now consider the next present participle modifier "serving....". This modifier also must refer to a verb - in this case the verb "use". But in option B, there is no verb "use" - the action "use" has been constructed in present participle form. So the problem is that the present participle "serving...." refers to another present participle "using.....", rather than a verb.

Hence option B is incorrect.



Can we use Who with family here? (in option D)
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Re: The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, us  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 07:18
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Re: The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, us &nbs [#permalink] 13 Jan 2019, 07:18
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The powerful Medici family, that dominated the Italian Renaissance, us

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