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The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars

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The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Jul 2017, 21:22
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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (00:59) correct 32% (01:17) wrong based on 75 sessions

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The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars sold in the state to be equipped with airbags for both front seat passengers. The auto industry has lobbied against the proposed law pointing out that the airbags would prevent only a small percentage of serious injuries because in most accidents, serious injuries can be avoided by the use of seatbelts.

Which of the following if true would most weaken the argument put forth by the auto industry?

A. The government has a duty to protect the welfare of its citizens.
B. The number of accidents per mile driven in the state is substantially higher than that for the rest of the nation.
C. The cost of equipping automobiles with airbags will be passed on to the consumer in the form of higher prices.
D. Most serious injuries occur when fron seat passengers are not wearing the seatbelts.
E. Because the law would apply only to new cars, it would take nearly a decade for teh majority of the state's cars to become equipped with airbsgs.

Can someone explain the answer. Thanks in advance for your input. Cheers.

Originally posted by chalven1 on 20 Aug 2008, 18:46.
Last edited by broall on 17 Jul 2017, 21:22, edited 2 times in total.
Reformatted question, OA added
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Re: The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2008, 19:04
chalven1 wrote:
Here is a CR question:

The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars sold in the state to be equipped with airbags for both front seat passengers. The auto industry has lobbied against the proposed law pointing out that the airbags would prevent only a small percentage of serious injuries because in most accidents, serious injuries can be avoided by the use of seatbelts.

Which of the following if true would most weaken the argument put forth by the auto industry?

A. The government has a duty to protect the welfare of its citizens.
B. The number of accidents per mile driven in the state is substantially higher than that for the rest of the nation.
C. The cost of equipping automobiles with airbags will be passed on to the consumer in the form of higher prices.
D. Most serious injuries occur when fron seat passengers are not wearing the seatbelts.
E. Because the law would apply only to new cars, it would take nearly a decade for teh majority of the state's cars to become equipped with airbsgs.

Can someone explain the answer. Thanks in advance for your input. Cheers.



I go for E. If it applies only to new cars, and take a decade for the majority to become equipped with airbags, then the legistrature will not be achieving the objective intended adequately. Any other thoughts?
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Re: The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2008, 19:12
chalven1 wrote:
Here is a CR question:

The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars sold in the state to be equipped with airbags for both front seat passengers. The auto industry has lobbied against the proposed law pointing out that the airbags would prevent only a small percentage of serious injuries because in most accidents, serious injuries can be avoided by the use of seatbelts.

Which of the following if true would most weaken the argument put forth by the auto industry?

A. The government has a duty to protect the welfare of its citizens.
B. The number of accidents per mile driven in the state is substantially higher than that for the rest of the nation.
C. The cost of equipping automobiles with airbags will be passed on to the consumer in the form of higher prices.
D. Most serious injuries occur when fron seat passengers are not wearing the seatbelts.
E. Because the law would apply only to new cars, it would take nearly a decade for teh majority of the state's cars to become equipped with airbsgs.

Can someone explain the answer. Thanks in advance for your input. Cheers.



IMO its B, the argument tells that only a small %age of serious injuries would be prevented if the law is implemented, but if the number of accident is high, this small %age also makes a difference.. and thereby weakens the argument..
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Re: The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2008, 20:45
D

here we need to weaken the argument put forth by the auto industry :

if we say that majority of the serious accidents (say 90%) happen when people are not wearing the belts
then we are strongly opposing the claims made by the auto industry in telling that how important the air bags are
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Re: The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2008, 20:54
Conclusion: Airbags would prevent only a small percentage of serious injuries.

Premise: In most accidents, serious injuries can be avoided by the use of seatbelts.

Assumption: Most people wear seatbelts.

To weaken the conclusion, break the assumption that most people wear seatbelts. Option D does it by saying that most serious injuries occur when people DONT wear a seatbelt. Hence, this weakens the conclusion.

Whats the OA/OE?
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Re: The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2008, 22:17
IMO D. Agree with dishant's explanation
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Re: The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2017, 08:46
3
The state legislature has proposed a law that requires all new cars sold in the state
to be equipped with airbags for both front-seat passengers. The auto industry has
lobbied against the proposed law, pointing out that the airbags would prevent only a
small percentage of serious injuries because in most accidents, serious injuries can be
avoided by the use of seat belts.
Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument put forth by the
auto industry?
○1○ The government has a duty to protect the welfare of its citizens.
○2○ The number of accidents per mile driven in the state is substantially higher
than that for the rest of the nation.
○3○ The cost of equipping automobiles with airbags will be passed on to the
consumer in the form of higher prices.
○4○ Most serious injuries occur when front-seat passengers are not wearing their
seat belts.
○5○ Because the law would apply only to new cars, it would take nearly a decade
for the majority of the state’s cars to become equipped with airbags.
1 KUDOS received
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Re: The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2017, 09:50
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1
vikasp99 wrote:
The state legislature has proposed a law that requires all new cars sold in the state to be equipped with airbags for both front-seat passengers. The auto industry has lobbied against the proposed law, pointing out that the airbags would prevent only a small percentage of serious injuries because in most accidents, serious injuries can be avoided by the use of seat belts.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument put forth by the auto industry?

A. The government has a duty to protect the welfare of its citizens.
B. The number of accidents per mile driven in the state is substantially higher than that for the rest of the nation.
C. The cost of equipping automobiles with airbags will be passed on to the consumer in the form of higher prices.
D. Most serious injuries occur when front-seat passengers are not wearing their seat belts.
E. Because the law would apply only to new cars, it would take nearly a decade for the majority of the state’s cars to become equipped with airbags.


The argument: wearing seat belts => avoid serious infures => no need to pass that proposed law

A. The government has a duty to protect the welfare of its citizens.
This choice is irrelevent to the argument.

B. The number of accidents per mile driven in the state is substantially higher than that for the rest of the nation.
Out of scope.

C. The cost of equipping automobiles with airbags will be passed on to the consumer in the form of higher prices.
The argument is irrelevant to any cost or prices but to the drivers' safety

D. Most serious injuries occur when front-seat passengers are not wearing their seat belts.
Correct. The auto industry said that most serious injuries could be avoide by using seat belt. Then it's clear that if drivers do not wear seat belts, the accidents, if occur, will cause to serious injures. This is the reason that requires proposed law.

E. Because the law would apply only to new cars, it would take nearly a decade for the majority of the state’s cars to become equipped with airbags.
Out of scope
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Re: The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2017, 12:33
Isn't D strengthening the auto industry argument ?
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Re: The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2017, 09:40
ankujgupta wrote:
Isn't D strengthening the auto industry argument ?


I am in agreement with you. We need feedback from Kaplan experts about this question (if it is genuinely theirs).
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Re: The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2017, 11:44
sayantanc2k wrote:
ankujgupta wrote:
Isn't D strengthening the auto industry argument ?


I am in agreement with you. We need feedback from Kaplan experts about this question (if it is genuinely theirs).


With the same opinion...

Here's Kaplans explanation -

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=5js ... &q&f=false

MERGED THREAD , THE QUESTION HAS BEEN IN THE FORUM SINCE 2008
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Re: The state legislature has proposed a law that required all new cars   [#permalink] 12 Feb 2017, 11:44
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