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The total national expense on higher education rose significantly

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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 22:04
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The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years. This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time.

All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education.
Not clear how it will increase the expenses. Amount spend will be less because no interest payment for parents' saving.........Correct

B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending.
Can increase the expenses of students for stay during college...............eliminated.

C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent.
It can increase the expenses of students due to higher payment on interest.............eliminated.

D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations.
Students have to attend college for more years. So, it can increase expenses.................eliminated.

E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.
Students are choosing option with higher expenses. So, it will increase expenses.............eliminated.

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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 22:04
1
The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years. This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time.

tution cost--did not change
still,
national expense---higher education--increased--last 2 yrs.

We want to find a statement which can not be the reason of this outcome.

All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education.
This does not have any effect on increasing national expense on education. Doesnt makes sense.

B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending.
if other expenses are increased then the total expense can increase.

C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent.
interest rate increased so the expense is increased.

D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations.
People are applying to masters degrees then the expense will increase

E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.
state universities have higher tuition fees so the national expense will increase.
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 22:27
1
Argument: In spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during last 2 years,the total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years.

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education. -Doesn't explain why the expenses increased.
B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending. -Expenses other than tuition fees increased, contributing to net increases in expenses. This could be a reason
C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent. -Although tuition fees remained same, students had to repay higher amount because of higher interest rates. This could be a reason
D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations. - More people are joining the course--> total expenses increases.This could be a reason
E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition. - The amount spent per student on higher education increases, this might contribute towards increase in total expenses. This could be a reason

IMO, ans is A
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 22:52
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Total national expense on higher education rose. However, BOE did not anticipate this. This rise happen even though tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during this period.
Four options below will explain why BOE did not anticipate EXCEPT one. which one it is? We have to eliminate four reasons that resulted in this increase, and keep the one that does not explain the increase.

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education.
Parents use the personal funding for student. so, many students may not have taken loans to fund their education. however, it does not explain higher expense. so keep the answer.

B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending.
there are increases in services and dormitories. gives us reason one to increase in expense.

C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent.
there was an increase in the interest paid on education loans. this gives us the reason two to increase in expense.

D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations.
there was higher demand for master's degree, so more students than anticipated joined college and master degree . this gives us the reason three to increase in expense.

E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.
many student applied to universities that have higher tuition, that explains the reason 4 to increase in expense.

Based on the POE, answer choice A provides us with no reason to explain increase in expense and hence is best answer.
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 23:31
The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years. This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time.

All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:

Understanding of Argument-
National Expense on Higher Education has increased significantly.
Board of education had predicted just opposite to this increase.

We need to find ans that does not explain reason for failing of board of educations assessment.

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education.
-DOES NOT EXPLAIN why assessment of board of education did not come true. This does not affect prediction made by board of education. Expense would be same whatever may be source of payment.
-CORRECT

B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending. -Supports

C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent. -Supports

D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations. -Supports

E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.-Supports.

ANS IS CHOICE A

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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 00:16
1
The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years. This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time.

All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:

Pre-thought :
There were more expenses incurred to hinger education than expected , find reasons - eliminate them

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education. -Keep
This doesn't explain why national expenses are high

B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending. -Incorrect
could be a reason as universities colleges raised indirect fees

C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent. -Keep
But this only talks about the last year , what about the previous year , as arguments talks about 2 years

D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations. -Incorrect
More demand more attending so more money spent on other fees mentioned in B

E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.-Incorrect
More money spent

So finally we end up with A or C ,,, A wins as this gives us no reason for national expense

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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 00:17

Since all options except D are related to cost anyway,but D is irrelevant to the explaination.
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 00:21
With POE I arrived at A. All B, C, D, E give some reason either strong or not so strong but still valid reasons for education expenditure to raise. Thus, A is answer.
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 00:31
1
A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education. This looks true, as parent`s saving does not have to do anything with the total expenses occurred.
B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending. This should lead to an increase/decrease in the expenses.
C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent. If loans rose by five percent, then there should be something which will give increased results to the assessment.
D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations. If demand is growing, then the students will opt for Master`s and thus increasing the expenses.
E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition. Again, if students preferred to state universities, even then it leads to an increase in expenses.

Please hit kudos if you like the solution.
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 00:50
1
A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education. --> Correct - This does not in any way give us information to justify that the national expense on higher education will/has increase(d)/decrease(d).
B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending. --> Wrong. This is a valid reason due to which national expense on higher education increased. As costs increased, expenses increased. An important note here is that we should not go into the opposite line of thought that cost increased so expense should have decreased. We are given that expense has decreased hence this line of thought should not be pursued.
C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent. --> Wrong. This is a valid reason due to which national expense on higher education increased. As costs increased, expenses increased. An important note here is that we should not go into the opposite line of thought that cost increased so expense should have decreased. We are given that expense has decreased hence this line of thought should not be pursued.
D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations. --> Wrong. This is a valid reason due to which national expense on higher education increased. An increase in the demand for the degree resulted in increase in expenses on higher education.
E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition. --> Wrong. This is a valid reason due to which national expense on higher education increased. An increase in tuition costs as per preference led to increase in expenses.
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 01:38
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The question is asking which answer choice does not explain the rise in national expense on higher education.

The answer is option A, because growing number of students who use their parents savings to pay for higher education does not provide any reason for the national expense to increase. Students can either pay for their fees with other sources of income such as their personal savings scholarships, and this should not affect the total national expense on higher education. All other choices present factors that directly or indirectly increase educational expenses. For instance B talks about raise in prices of dormitories which will impact total expenses. C also talks about rise in average interest rates which means that all things being equal students will more in interest rates which will increase national educational expenses. D talk about increased demand for Masters degree meaning a lot of people will enrol for a Masters degree in order to meet educational requirements, which will also increase national expenses. E talks about preference for state colleges which have higher tuition fees than for colleges, hence this will also increase national expenses on education.

The right answer is Therefore A

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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 02:01
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The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years. This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time.

The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years - here national expenses are general tuition expenses paid by students, dormitory costs, and other costs

This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time - Board of Education haven’t predicted these costs increases, this increase happened even if tuition costs haven’t increased for that period

All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:
(so now we have to find out answer choice that presents reason why national expenses on education have increased despite the fact that tuition fee hasn't increased)

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education.
This answer choice makes conclusion weak, because suppose students were paying with loan for their education before, now they pay from parents savings. Hence this situation supposed to decrease not increase total expense on education, so 'except' is applicable here.

B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending.
This answer directly supports and gives reason why the national expenses increased because of cost of cost increases of some services

C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent.
This one is also gives clear reason for NE on education- increases loan prices also affects to this situation

D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations.This is quite challenging one, we can infer that increased demand for Masters makes more students to make Masters degree hence increasing expenses for education in general

E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.
Again we have direct support here, from this statement we can say that university tuition fees are higher than college tuition fees, and preferences of students to apply to universities also increases national expenses on higher education

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The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 02:43
Quote:
The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years. This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time.

This is an Except Explain question
We need to remember that in Explain questions the pre thinking of Missing Info of the argument is very generic, since it can be anything which seems to bridge the paradox.
Premise- Expense up --> BOE estimated a reduction

All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education. -that means more expense could be done despite of the estimate
B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending. - that is why BOE estimated the reduction while
C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent. - that is why BOE estimated the reduction while
D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations. - why would BOE estimate the reduction if the need of higher degree is in demand
E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.- expense up, despite the BOE estimate

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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 03:24
B,C,E can be eliminated at one go because they all explain why national expense on higher education increased. We are left with A and D. D is tricky because even if many jobs prefer candidates with masters degree, we can't assume that students in large numbers would rush to get such degrees. However, even if some decide to opt for MA to get those kinds of jobs, we have paradox resolved, while A does nothing to help us identify solution for paradox. If more students use family savings then total expense should lower. Thus, A does not explain paradox. Answer is A
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 03:40
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A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education. - this one does not explain at all. A is answer, as per me
B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending. - very good reason for education expense to raise
C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent. - It explains paradox as well as cost of education became more expensive
D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations. - it explains paradox as more jobs require master's degree, more students apply and pay tuition.
E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition. - now students pay more on tuition. It explains paradox

IMO, A
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 03:49
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The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years. This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time.

All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:

My Take :-

Conclusion :- in-spite of the same tuition costs in last two years, total national expense on higher education rose significantly .

Agenda :- we need to find one of the option, which doesnt explain the reasoning .

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education.
Correct :- It doesnt matter how students pay for their higher education. this is the answer
B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending.
Incorrect :- This can make the total national expense on higher education costly for sure.
C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent.
Incorrect :- This is also one of the reason for higher cost
D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations.
Incorrect :- Demand of higher education can raise the total national expense on higher education
E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.
Incorrect :- In total national expense on higher education -both state universities and college comes so this is also incorrect
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 03:54
1
Good Q.

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education. Since students could either be wary of spending more since it's their parents' savings OR be relatively more relaxed about spending more (since now they wouldn't have the burden of student debt) - this could go either way, and doesn't really help explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments - so let's hold (A)
B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending. - raised prices definitely have a positive correlation with the rise in total national expense. So, (B) is out.
C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent. - the rise in interest rates very well explain. (C) is out too.
D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations. - this is a tricky one, but IMO, since the demand for a Master's degree has become more prevalent, more students are now choosing to enroll for these, and hence, leads to a rise in the total national expense. (D) goes too.
E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition. Higher tuitions lead to greater total national expense. Easy elimination. (E) is out.

And hence, (A) is the correct answer choice, IMO.
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 04:51
The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years. This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time.

All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education.--using parents saving, means total national saving is decreasing
B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending. --Higher dormitories & students' services means higher education expense.
C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent. ---Same loan premium account but increased interest rate means higher loan to repay.
D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations.--- More demand leads to more expense on education.
E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.--many students preferred to apply to universities but are they getting admission in universities ? What if universities have limited seats ? This option doesn't explain Board of Education’s erroneous assessments

So Answer according to me is E.
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 04:58
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The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years. This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time.

All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:

Pre-think: Total cost = Number of Students * (tuition + optional expenses)

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education.
RIGHT. Give us information neither about Number of Students nor tuition + optional expenses. It only says the source of payment.
B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending.
WRONG. Optional expenses raise (private tutors or book lending).
C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent.
WRONG. Optional expenses raise (rate of students loans rose).
D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations.
WRONG. Number of Students raise.
E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.
WRONG. Average tuition raise.

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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2019, 05:33
All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education.

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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly   [#permalink] 16 Jul 2019, 05:33

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