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# The view has prevailed for the better part of the twentieth century th

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Re: The view has prevailed for the better part of the twentieth century th  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2017, 23:08
Nightmare007 wrote:
4 min 23 seconds All correct
Wow.
New approach created.
.
which works wonders for me.

Hi Nightmare007,

Could you please throw some light on the "new approach" which worked for you?

Although I took just 7 mins on the passage and got all the answers right, I have noticed this happens only if I can relate to the passage. On the contrary, I screw up some medium difficulty passages with a low accuracy , if I cannot relate to the topics.
So just trying to discover various approaches by which I can consistently do well, regardless of the topic of the passage.

Thanks !
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Re: The view has prevailed for the better part of the twentieth century th  [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2017, 07:09
Nightmare007 wrote:
4 min 23 seconds All correct
Wow.
New approach created.
.
which works wonders for me.

What is that? would u like to share?
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Re: The view has prevailed for the better part of the twentieth century th  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2017, 08:31
2. The passage suggests which of the following about the empirical study of small firms' role?

A. Anecdotal evidence does not support the theory that small firms' role is significant.
B. Degrees of market turbulence are the primary indicator of small firms' role.
C. An examination of new niches created by small firms has provided important data for the analysis of such firms' role.
D. Case studies have provided reliable evidence to answer major questions concerning small firms' role.
E. A more precise definition of the term "small firm" is crucial to making a conclusive analysis about small firms' role.

This question was tricky for me .

However, empirical knowledge about the relative roles of large and small firms is generally based upon anecdotal evidence and case studies, and such evidence has proved inadequate to answer major questions concerning the role of small firms across various industries and nations. An additional difficulty is that it is not obvious what criteria one should use to distinguish small firms from large ones. While a "small firm" is often defined as an enterprise with fewer than 500 employees, research studies of small firms use a wide variety of definitions.

Only A and E are worth comparing
But from the excerpt we can not deduce A as it does not give any evidence that small firms' role is significant or not significant all it says says that any conclusion can not be drawn from the said evidence .
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Re: The view has prevailed for the better part of the twentieth century th  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2018, 11:24
can anybody explain what is wrong with option A in Q2?
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24 May 2018, 20:05
PraktanP wrote:
can anybody explain what is wrong with option A in Q2?

However, empirical knowledge about the relative roles of large and small firms is generally based upon anecdotal evidence and case studies, and such evidence has proved inadequate to answer major questions concerning the role of small firms across various industries and nations.
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Re: The view has prevailed for the better part of the twentieth century th  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2018, 22:16
GMATNinja chetan2u TommyWallach egmat DmitryFarber mikemcgarry
please explain q1. The primary purpose has to be the summary of summaries of the paras, ie. we have to consider all the viewpoints (+-) and then summarise it in 1 line. I was stuck between options A and D. Though I answered D out of guess between the two I want to know where my though process lacks. Option A is more well defined and takes all the viewpoints into account and then summarises it and option D is more like a title of the passage. Para structure is - 1. belief...counter evidence.. 2. support to counter evidence. 3.refute to the study suggesting study is not relevant. Then how is it not A?

Anyone with an explanation is welcome.
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Re: The view has prevailed for the better part of the twentieth century th  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2018, 12:34
1
1
please explain q1. The primary purpose has to be the summary of summaries of the paras, ie. we have to consider all the viewpoints (+-) and then summarise it in 1 line. I was stuck between options A and D. Though I answered D out of guess between the two I want to know where my though process lacks. Option A is more well defined and takes all the viewpoints into account and then summarises it and option D is more like a title of the passage. Para structure is - 1. belief...counter evidence.. 2. support to counter evidence. 3.refute to the study suggesting study is not relevant. Then how is it not A?

It’s important to break down the structure of every RC passage and understand each paragraph within it. However, the primary purpose of the passage is not the sum of its paragraphs. There’s a difference between adding up the pieces and understanding how each piece fits into a greater story that the author has written. We want to do the latter. To see what I mean, let’s break down this passage in terms of what the author is doing:

• In P1, The author describes the prevailing view of small firms in the 20th century, then explains when and how this view has been challenged.
• In P2, The author describes an alternative view of small firms that has emerged in economics literature.
• In P3, The author adds a caveat to accepting the alternative view, because of a lack of adequate empirical definitions and evidence about the relative roles of large and small firms.

The author wrote this passage in order to present and consider an emerging alternative to the prevailing wisdom about the importance of small firms in Western economies. The passage is structured to introduce the alternative view, explain how it’s challenged the prevailing view, describe what the alternative view argues, and remind us to be careful about rushing to embrace this argument. The structure of the passage isn’t strongly pushing us one direction or the other; rather, it is set up to examine all sides of the issue. We never see strong language endorsing the alternative view or rejecting it. Overall, the passage is a dispassionate description.

Now that we’ve got a clear-eyed view of the structure and purpose, let’s start eliminating choices:

Quote:
(A) dismissing a challenge to a traditional viewpoint

The author is not here to dismiss the alternative view. The difficulties raised in P3 help us think critically about this view and the ongoing conversation about small vs. large firms. Thinking critically about a view is not the same as rejecting or dismissing it. If the author’s concern were dismissal, then P3 would use stronger, more explicit language to declare that the lack of empirical evidence makes the challenging view illegitimate. We’d also see different language in P1 and P2 to build up to this kind of conclusion. Because we don’t see the author using argumentative structure or language to construct the passage, we’ll eliminate (A) and move on.

Quote:
(B) suggesting a new solution to a long-standing problem

This choice runs in the opposite direction of (A), and is wrong for the same reason: The author is not here to take sides. Because the author isn’t primarily concerned with suggesting the alternative view as a solution, let’s eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) resolving a conflict between two competing viewpoints

This choice tries to hit the middle ground, but does the author ever resolve the conflict? No. The furthest that the author goes is to point out that both the prevailing view and the challenging view have flaws with regards to the evidence that they use. This is a great starting point for someone else to resolve the conflict, but because this never happens in the passage itself, let’s eliminate (C).

Quote:
(D) discussing the emergence of an alternative viewpoint

This choice is precisely tailored to the passage’s structure and purpose. At the end of the day, this passage takes the form of a discussion, presentation, or consideration — not an endorsement, defense, rejection, or attack. Let’s keep (D) and finish our process of elimination.

Quote:
(E) defending an alternative viewpoint against possible counter evidence

Just as we eliminated (A) and (B), we’ll eliminate (E) because the author is not here to defend anything.

(D) is the best answer choice.

I hope this helps!
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Re: The view has prevailed for the better part of the twentieth century th  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2019, 03:19
T700ISB wrote:
Nightmare007 wrote:
4 min 23 seconds All correct
Wow.
New approach created.
.
which works wonders for me.

Hi Nightmare007,

Could you please throw some light on the "new approach" which worked for you?

Although I took just 7 mins on the passage and got all the answers right, I have noticed this happens only if I can relate to the passage. On the contrary, I screw up some medium difficulty passages with a low accuracy , if I cannot relate to the topics.
So just trying to discover various approaches by which I can consistently do well, regardless of the topic of the passage.

Thanks !

The very trick is GMAT want you to read long passages (especially long passages) at they should be read . The effective reading would be like this:

The view has prevailed for the better part of the twentieth century that
small firms do not perform an important role in Western economies.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
However, in the 1970s, evidence began to suggest that small firms in
some countries were outperforming their larger counterparts.
-------------------------------------------------

Thus, an alternative view has emerged in the economics literature,
arguing that small firms make several important contributions to industrial
markets.-----------------------------------------------------------------

However, empirical knowledge about the relative roles of large and small
firms is generally based upon anecdotal evidence and case studies,
concerning the role of small firms across various industries and nations.

Now Questions :
Q1. Main point: can be easily understood by above reading comfortably.
Q2. Empirical study : by last paragraph one can easily locate where the particular detail lies.
Q3. Point of first para : a general wisdom then evidence that contradicts it .
Q4. Contribution to industrial market: by second paragraph one can easily locate where the particular detail lies

So what we get here 2 idea questions ,which can be answered without going to passage , and 2 detail questions , of which we know the exact location.
Time taken : 3 min. approx
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Re: The view has prevailed for the better part of the twentieth century th  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2019, 22:30
Can anyone exlpain the 1st question to me again ?
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Re: The view has prevailed for the better part of the twentieth century th  [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2019, 00:45
Questions such as these always make me feel that I am gonna ace RC, even though my RC is really weak. Took under 5 minutes to solve and got all correct.
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Re: The view has prevailed for the better part of the twentieth century th   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2019, 00:45

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