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The workers at a large construction company reported x
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Updated on: 14 Apr 2012, 11:57

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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

62% (01:40) correct 38% (01:59) wrong based on 254 sessions

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The workers at a large construction company reported x percent fewer safety incidents in 2004 than in 2003, and y percent more incidents in 2005 than in 2004. If the workers reported a total of 1,000 incidents in 2003, how many incidents did the workers report in 2005?

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14 Apr 2012, 12:10

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The workers at a large construction company reported x percent fewer safety incidents in 2004 than in 2003, and y percent more incidents in 2005 than in 2004. If the workers reported a total of 1,000 incidents in 2003, how many incidents did the workers report in 2005?

The total # of incident is 2003 was 1,000; The total # of incident in 2004 was x percent fewer than in 2003, so in 2004 there were \(1,000*(1-\frac{x}{100})\) incidents; The total # of incident in 2005 was y percent more than in 2004, so in 2005 there were \(1,000*(1-\frac{x}{100})*(1+\frac{y}{100})=1,000(1+\frac{y}{100}-\frac{x}{100}-\frac{xy}{100*100)}=1,000(1+\frac{1}{100}(y-x-\frac{xy}{100}))\) incidents.

So, as you can see we need to find the value of \(y-x-\frac{xy}{100}\).

(1) xy=50. Not sufficient to find the required value.

(2) y-x-xy/100=4.5 --> we are directly given the value of \(y-x-\frac{xy}{100}\). Sufficient.

Re: The workers at a large construction company ......
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14 Apr 2012, 07:11

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The total no. of incidents in 2003 = 1000=T The incidents in 2004 are x% fewer, so incidents = (1-x/100) *T The incidents in 2005 are y% more , so incidents = (1-x/100)(1+y/100)*T

= (1-x/100+y/100-xy/100)*T =(1+(y-x-xy)/100)*T

i) A insufficient , as we require value of x,y ii) B sufficient , as we have the value of the whole expression.

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25 Mar 2017, 00:28

there is a shortcut for these kind of questions. If some value is increased by X% then decreased by Y% then the net effective change will be equal to X-Y-XY/100 that is if some value(say 100) is increased by 10% then decreased by 10% then the net change will be 10-10-100/100 = -1% the final value be .99*100 = 99

Hope this helps
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gmatclubot

Re: The workers at a large construction company reported x &nbs
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25 Mar 2017, 00:28