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There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in

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There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 May 2019, 09:18
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A
B
C
D
E

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There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in slowing the growth or damaging forests in the eastern United States.

(A) slowing the growth or damaging
(B) the damage or the slowing of the growth of
(C) the damage to or the slowness of the growth of
(D) damaged or slowed growth of
(E) damaging or slowing the growth of

https://www.nytimes.com/1984/02/26/us/broad-damage-found-in-trees-in-eastern-us.html

There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in damaging or slowing the growth of the forests. Acid rain occurs when air pollutants, chiefly sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, change chemically in the atmosphere and fall to earth as acidic rain, snow, fog or dry particles.

The corrected sentence must make clear that both damaging and slowing the growth of refer to forests. E is the only choice that does so without introducing errors. In choice A, of is required after growth. In choices B and C, the use of the damage instead of damaging produces awkward and wordy constructions, and without to after damage, B is grammatically incomplete. In C, the slowness of does not convey the original sense that the rate of growth has been slowed by acid rain. Choice D also changes the meaning of the sentence by making both damaged and slowed refer to growth.

Originally posted by vahuja999 on 08 Jan 2008, 23:00.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 May 2019, 09:18, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2011, 06:30
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good question. A has the following issue.

role played by acid rain in
slowing the growth forests <------ what? where's "of"?
damaging forests

E changes the places of 'damaging' and 'slowing..' to overcome the above issue and, thus, is the correct answer.
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Re: There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2011, 08:53
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There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in slowing the growth or damaging forests in the eastern United States.
(A) slowing the growth or damaging - parallelism test; see my note
(B) the damage or the slowing of the growth of - damage /slowing are not parallel
(C) the damage to or the slowness of the growth of - simple present tense
(D) damaged or slowed growth of - past tense
(E) damaging or slowing the growth of - correct

Note - Underlined should be in present continuous, so the answer is either A or E. In A - 'slowing the growth' and 'damaging forests' are not parallel... to make it parallel, it should be 'slowing the growth of' and 'damaging forests', so answer is E.
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Re: There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2011, 22:06
The answer is E. issue is parallelism and meaning.
D -adjectives (past participles ) modifying growth not forest. meaning too also changed
What role acid rain plays in damaged forests - that makes it sound like the forests were already damaged by something else, before the acid rain came along. That's not the intention - the intention is to say that the acid rain is (potentially) causing damage - or damaging the forests- ---From stacey (MG instructor)
C- slowness of growth( showing a state of growth not decreasing in rate of growth )
B-comparing complex gerund to damage .not an issue .but meaning still not clear.E is better than B
A- damaging forest ,again adjective(present participle ) modifying forest
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Re: There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2014, 11:28
There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in slowing the growth or damaging forests in the eastern United States.

IMO....INCORRECT PORTIONS HIGHLIGHTED....
(A) slowing the growth or damaging
(B) the damage or the slowing of the growth of
(C) the damage to or the slowness of the growth of
(D) damaged or slowed growth of
(E) damaging or slowing the growth of...CORRECT
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Re: There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2015, 08:25
There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in slowing the growth or damaging forests in the eastern United States.
(A) slowing the growth or damaging "the growth" needs "of"
(B) the damage or the slowing of the growth of The first two definite articles aren't necessary and it should be "damaging" to match "slowing"
(C) the damage to or the slowness of the growth of unnecessary definite articles before damage and slowness, damage to and slowness aren't parallel
(D) damaged or slowed growth of implies that the growth is damaged
(E) damaging or slowing the growth of
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Re: There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2019, 09:22
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vahuja999 wrote:
There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in slowing the growth or damaging forests in the eastern United States.

(A) slowing the growth or damaging
(B) the damage or the slowing of the growth of
(C) the damage to or the slowness of the growth of
(D) damaged or slowed growth of
(E) damaging or slowing the growth of

https://www.nytimes.com/1984/02/26/us/broad-damage-found-in-trees-in-eastern-us.html

There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in damaging or slowing the growth of the forests. Acid rain occurs when air pollutants, chiefly sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, change chemically in the atmosphere and fall to earth as acidic rain, snow, fog or dry particles.

The corrected sentence must make clear that both damaging and slowing the growth of refer to forests. E is the only choice that does so without introducing errors. In choice A, of is required after growth. In choices B and C, the use of the damage instead of damaging produces awkward and wordy constructions, and without to after damage, B is grammatically incomplete. In C, the slowness of does not convey the original sense that the rate of growth has been slowed by acid rain. Choice D also changes the meaning of the sentence by making both damaged and slowed refer to growth.


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



The corrected sentence must make clear that both damaging and slowing the growth of refer to forests. E is the only choice that does so without introducing errors. In choice A, of is required after growth. In choices B and C, the use of the damage instead of damaging produces awkward and wordy constructions, and without to after damage, B is grammatically incomplete. In C, the slowness of does not convey the original sense that the rate of growth has been slowed by acid rain. Choice D also changes the meaning of the sentence by making both damaged and slowed refer to growth.
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Re: There is no consensus on what role, if any, is played by acid rain in   [#permalink] 20 May 2019, 09:22
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