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Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to

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Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2008, 01:08
3
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13
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

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Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt emission limits that would be far stricter than the federal rules.

(A) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt
(B) to impose new controls on truck and bus engines' pollution by the joint adoption of
(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting
(D) for imposing new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines, and jointly adopting
(E) for imposing new controls on truck and bus engine pollution in the joint adoption of

https://www.nytimes.com/2000/11/20/us/13-states-to-unite-to-cut-truck-emissions.html

Thirteen states from all regions of the country will try to impose new national controls on pollution from truck and bus engines on Monday, when they announce a plan to jointly adopt emission limits that would be far stricter than the federal rules.

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New post 10 Jun 2008, 01:22
D for me.
A) To impose..... in that is awkward
B) Pollution by... should be pollution from
C) Adopting does not agree with rest of the sentence
E) Imposing......and adoption do not agree
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New post 10 Jun 2008, 01:23
As ugly as it is, I'm going with D.

This is tricky because the use of "jointly adopting" indicates that there are TWO separate things being adopted here.

A. "in that they will jointly" is wordy/awkward. Also, "they" has an unclear referent - could be states, controls, or engines.
B. "to impose...by the joint adoption of..." is unclear. The use of "joint adoption" in here isn't clear as to what TWO things are being adopted. If it were just adopting new emission limits (ONE thing), then no need to add "joint adoption".
C. Same as B. Why add "jointly" here? In this example, the states are only adopting stricter emission limits.
D. This clearly separates TWO issues: imposing new controls on truck/bus engines AND adopting stricter emission limits. "imposing...adopting..." is also parallel.
E. "in the joint adoption of stricter emission limits" -- again, where is the JOINT? Where is the other thing?

I don't personally like "a plan for imposing...." but in this case it works.

sondenso wrote:
74. Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt emission limits that would be far stricter than the federal rules.

(A) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt
(B) to impose new controls on truck and bus engines' pollution by the joint adoption of
(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting
(D) for imposing new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines, and jointly adopting
(E) for imposing new controls on truck and bus engine pollution in the joint adoption of
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New post 10 Jun 2008, 12:48
I’ll also pick C.

Not quite sure, but I think that in (D), it should be “a plan for imposing new controls…” “and for jointly adopting…” (without comma); otherwise it’s not parallel.
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New post 10 Jun 2008, 18:24
Ah crap! I originally picked D but the answer has got to be C. Here's why...

I originally thought that "jointly" was indicating that there are TWO things being adopted in this instance. That's why I went with D the first time because it clearly separates TWO things: imposing new controls on truck/bus engines AND adopting emission limits.

However, this is not really correct and actually alters the intent of the sentence. "Jointly" in this context isn't referring to two separate things, instead, it is referring to the "Thirteen states from all regions" who JOINTLY (meaning, all together as a group) adopt stricter emission limits.

So here we go for C:

Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting emission limits that would be far stricter than the federal rules

There's my explanation. I always felt that "a plan to impose" just sounds better than "a plan for imposing" as another side note. Ugh tricky question! :)

sondenso wrote:
74. Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt emission limits that would be far stricter than the federal rules.

(A) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt
(B) to impose new controls on truck and bus engines' pollution by the joint adoption of
(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting
(D) for imposing new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines, and jointly adopting
(E) for imposing new controls on truck and bus engine pollution in the joint adoption of
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New post 10 Jun 2008, 18:40
Racouteur, the second explaination does really help!

raconteur wrote:
I always felt that "a plan to impose" just sounds better than "a plan for imposing"


Agree, I elimilate right away D and E. But I ignore C, even though it sounds best, because somebody here say "joinly" cannot modify noun-adopting.

raconteur wrote:
Thirteen states from all regions" who JOINTLY (meaning, all together as a group) adopt stricter emission limits.


Thanks for this finding. OA is C
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Re: Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2017, 06:36
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The correct idiom in this context is ‘plan to impose’ … this eliminates D and E.

This sentence needs a common construction: ‘by + verb-ing’. 'By' is used when you describe the method used to accomplish (HOW) something - exactly what is done in this sentence. The sentence is explaining how the states are going to accomplish the stated goal.

If we say:

You should study daily. By doing so, you will improve consistently.

Or

One can’t become smarter by facing the same challenges every day.

A and B are wrong because they don’t use ‘by + verb-ing’ constructions.

Correct: C
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Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 30 Mar 2019, 23:45
According to what Ron said in the video 20120216--Use of -ING forms.

I have dedicated my career to the exposure of injustice in the court system.

--> I am somehow involved with the exposure of injustice, but not necessarily directly (e.g., maybe I donate $ to a charity that does this)

I have dedicated my career to exposing of injustice in the court system.

--> I am the one who has actually been exposing injustice.

Verbal nouns (like "the exposure") are IMPERSONAL: they *don't* convey the idea that the subject is directly involved.

Gerunds generally *do* convey the idea that the subject is directly involved in the process.

In this question, the 13 states are actually the entities that are going to adopt emissions restrictions.

Originally posted by MartinTao on 29 Mar 2019, 22:49.
Last edited by MartinTao on 30 Mar 2019, 23:45, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2019, 00:59
MartinTao wrote:
According to what Ron said during the video 20120216--Use of -ING forms.

I have dedicated my career to the exposure of injustice in the court system.

--> I am somehow involved with the exposure of injustice, but not necessarily directly (e.g., maybe I donate $ to a charity that does this)

I have dedicated my career to exposing of injustice in the court system.

--> I am the one who has actually been exposing injustice.

Verbal nouns (like "the exposure") are IMPERSONAL: they *don't* convey the idea that the subject is directly involved.

Gerunds generally *do* convey the idea that the subject is directly involved in the process.

In this question, the 13 states are actually the entities that are going to adopt emissions restrictions.


your point is great. I want to comment

doing can refer to subject or a noun in sentence, depending on the idiomatic pattern . it is not alway that doing can refer to the subject or a noun in a sentence. this point make english harder .

I invest in stocks by reading business books
i read the book for learning english
I do not learn english here. learning here is still general

my dicussion is somehow not relevant to our problem because on gmat we do not need to be so far. just know that normal noun and doing can be different in that the first dose not refer to any subject while the second do.
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Re: Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2019, 21:00
I will go to choice c.
but in choice c, "adopting" refer to "impose", not to "announce". then, "impose" can refer logically to "plan". in the end, " adopting" dose not refer to subject of the main clause. this is not logic.

choice C is still incorrect.

anyone, pls, comment
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New post 12 Sep 2019, 00:29
I agree that choice C is best. but I do not know "by joinly adopting" refers to which noun and "to impose" refers to the subject of the sentence or to "plan". Pls, help. thank you
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Re: Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to   [#permalink] 12 Sep 2019, 00:29
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