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# To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a

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To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 27 Sep 2018, 20:52
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25% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (01:45) correct 28% (01:38) wrong based on 548 sessions

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To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges, especially in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

A) To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges, especially in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

B) In countries lacking the bureaucratic infrastructure to keep records on each and every case of illness, the monitoring of infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges to public health officials.

C) Monitoring infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries where infrastructure are lacking the ability to keep records on every case of illness.

D) Presenting a complex set of challenges to public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases in countries lacking the infrastructure to keep records on every case of illness.

E) The monitoring of infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructures necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

Originally posted by goodyear2013 on 06 Apr 2014, 16:14.
Last edited by Bunuel on 27 Sep 2018, 20:52, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2014, 23:14
To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges, especially in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

In countries lacking the bureaucratic infrastructure to keep records on each and every case of illness, the monitoring of infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges to public health officials.

Monitoring infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries where infrastructure are lacking the ability to keep records on every case of illness.

Presenting a complex set of challenges to public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases in countries lacking the infrastructure to keep records on every case of illness.

The monitoring of infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructures necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

"Monitoring" requires a singular verb. This rules out A and B.

In c, "where infrastructure are lacking ": infrastructure is singular. Should be "where infrastructure is lacking"

In D, it appears as "monitoring infectious diseases in countries" is problematic, Rather than " lack the bureaucratic infrastructures"

This leaves us with E.
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Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2014, 23:37
All options except C and E have the wrong usage of "monitoring.....Present" (subject-verb) agreement.

C again can be eliminated as it uses infrastructure are, whereas in this case infrastructure is singular.

Hence E
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Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2017, 15:12
goodyear2013 wrote:
To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges, especially in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

I eliminated A because of the error - necessary for keeping - not good. Moreover, monitoring - is a single action, therefore, a verb in singular needs to be used.

A) To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges, especially in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

B) In countries lacking the bureaucratic infrastructure to keep records on each and every case of illness, the monitoring of infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges to public health officials.
same SV agreement error.

C) Monitoring infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries where infrastructure are lacking the ability to keep records on every case of illness.
infrastructure is singular - are lacking is plural - SV agreement error.

D) Presenting a complex set of challenges to public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases in countries lacking the infrastructure to keep records on every case of illness.
if you notice, this option doesn't even have a verb - therefore, it is not even a sentence!

E) The monitoring of infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructures necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.
expresses the idea clearly; errors in original sentence are removed. E is the answer!
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Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2017, 18:03
goodyear2013 wrote:
To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges, especially in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

A) To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges, especially in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.
B) In countries lacking the bureaucratic infrastructure to keep records on each and every case of illness, the monitoring of infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges to public health officials.
C) Monitoring infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries where infrastructure are lacking the ability to keep records on every case of illness.
D) Presenting a complex set of challenges to public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases in countries lacking the infrastructure to keep records on every case of illness.
E) The monitoring of infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructures necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

A) "monitoring infectious diseases" : is singular hence verb should be presents
B)Same as A also "Each and Every" redundant
C)Infrastructure is singular should be is lacking
D)Not a valid sentence
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Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2017, 19:09
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Hi ,

Though Option E is the best choice for this question, I doubt the usage of the plural form of infrastructure ( i.e infrastructures).
Is infrastructures a valid plural form?
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Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2017, 21:38
mvictor wrote:
goodyear2013 wrote:
To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges, especially in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

I eliminated A because of the error - necessary for keeping - not good. Moreover, monitoring - is a single action, therefore, a verb in singular needs to be used.

A) To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges, especially in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

B) In countries lacking the bureaucratic infrastructure to keep records on each and every case of illness, the monitoring of infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges to public health officials.
same SV agreement error.

C) Monitoring infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries where infrastructure are lacking the ability to keep records on every case of illness.
infrastructure is singular - are lacking is plural - SV agreement error.

D) Presenting a complex set of challenges to public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases in countries lacking the infrastructure to keep records on every case of illness.
if you notice, this option doesn't even have a verb - therefore, it is not even a sentence!

E) The monitoring of infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructures necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.
expresses the idea clearly; errors in original sentence are removed. E is the answer!

If the SV agreement is rectified in option C, would that qualify it as a correct option?
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Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2017, 07:17
To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges, especially in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

- 'Monitoring' is the subject and is singular. Thus its verb must be singular i.e. presents.
- 'that' is the subject for the second clause and it clearly refers to 'countries'. It verb agrees in number (lack: plural verb form).

Option E is correct.

The monitoring of infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructures necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.
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Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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02 May 2018, 10:53
A) "monitoring " is singular hence verb should be singular too
B)Same as A
C)Infrastructure is singular, should be 'is lacking'
D)No verb !
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Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2018, 20:47
To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges, especially in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.

A) To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges, especially in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.
Monitoring - singular, present - plural ---> SV agreement error

B) In countries lacking the bureaucratic infrastructure to keep records on each and every case of illness, the monitoring of infectious diseases present a complex set of challenges to public health officials.
Same as in A

C) Monitoring infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries where infrastructure are lacking the ability to keep records on every case of illness.
Another sb agreement error. We need "infrastructures are lacking"

D) Presenting a complex set of challenges to public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases in countries lacking the infrastructure to keep records on every case of illness.
There is simply no clause in this case

E) The monitoring of infectious diseases presents a complex set of challenges to public health officials in countries that lack the bureaucratic infrastructures necessary for keeping records on every case of illness.
Good
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Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2018, 03:36
Hi ,

Though Option E is the best choice for this question, I doubt the usage of the plural form of infrastructure ( i.e infrastructures).
Is infrastructures a valid plural form?

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Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2018, 05:26
barbz91 wrote:
Hi ,

Though Option E is the best choice for this question, I doubt the usage of the plural form of infrastructure ( i.e infrastructures).
Is infrastructures a valid plural form?

I agree - I have never seen infrastructure used in plural form
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Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2018, 07:47
barbz91 wrote:
Hi ,

Though Option E is the best choice for this question, I doubt the usage of the plural form of infrastructure ( i.e infrastructures).
Is infrastructures a valid plural form?

What makes "infrastructure" the special word? It seems to me that nothing.
And I have heard plural form already. And the most important - what other answer choice can we suggest here?
Re: To public health officials, monitoring infectious diseases present a   [#permalink] 23 Oct 2018, 07:47
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