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#Top150 SC: Firmly established by the 12th century the various

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#Top150 SC: Firmly established by the 12th century the various  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2015, 07:11
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A
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D
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Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

32% (01:48) correct 68% (02:16) wrong based on 158 sessions

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Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

A. Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

B. The various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, firmly established by the 12th century, created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, was exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

C. The spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, exemplifying the religious and cultural exchange created by the European-wide network of trading people on the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, was firmly established by the 12th century.

D. Exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela were firmly established by the 12th century, creating a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange.

E. Firmly established by the 12th century and exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade and people, religious, and cultural exchange.

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Re: #Top150 SC: Firmly established by the 12th century the various  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2015, 08:10
A. Firmly established by the 12th century, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture. – Proper modification and correct choice.

B. The various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, firmly established by the 12th century, created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, was exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture. ----The pilgrimage routes – was exemplified --- SV error. More seriously, the subject has two verbs namely ‘created’ and ‘was exemplified ‘and has created two independent clauses without a proper conjugation. Hence, this is a run-on.

C. The spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, exemplifying the religious and cultural exchange created by the European-wide network of trading people on the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, was firmly established by the 12th century.--- The religious and cultural exchange is part of the network and was not created by the network. Change of meaning.

D. Exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela were firmly established by the 12th century, creating a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange. --- The routes were not exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style. The network of XYZ was exemplified.

E. Firmly established by the 12th century and exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade and people, religious, and cultural exchange. ----The same error of the spread of the Romanesque style modifying the routes.
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Re: #Top150 SC: Firmly established by the 12th century the various  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2015, 12:59
Here there are few things to be considered
1. you cannot establish a city(Santiago de compostela) but routes going to it.
2. “P exemplifies Q”, P is the specific example, and Q is the general case.
3. passive “Q is exemplified by P”, the subject of the passive, Q, is the general case, and the object of “by” or P is the example.
Here
Romanesque style of cathedral architecture is an example of religious and cultural exchange.


Main sentence
The various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of
    trade,
    people, and
    religious and cultural exchange.

B. The various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, firmly established by the 12th century, created a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange, was exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture.

"was" changes the modifier with additional info into dubious construction.

C. The spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, exemplifying the religious and cultural exchange created by the European-wide network of trading people on the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, was firmly established by the 12th century.

The spread ..............established by 12th century is completely absurd in meaning and structure.

D. Exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela were firmly established by the 12th century, creating a European-wide network of trade, people, and religious and cultural exchange.

pilgrimage routes are not exemplified in style of architecture............this means that Roman style of architecture is an example of pilgrimage route which is completely absurd.

E. Firmly established by the 12th century and exemplified in the spread of the Romanesque style of cathedral architecture, the various pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela created a European-wide network of trade and people, religious, and cultural exchange.

this sentence means that routes established in 12th century and their example is roman style as in D. Completely wrong.
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Re: #Top150 SC: Firmly established by the 12th century the various  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2018, 11:01
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: #Top150 SC: Firmly established by the 12th century the various &nbs [#permalink] 28 Aug 2018, 11:01
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