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Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability

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Re: Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2019, 08:23
AbdurRakib wrote:
Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability to survive on weekly or even monthly feedings; however, when food is readily available, they may eat frequently and grow very fat.

A) fasts, in their ability to survive
B) fasts, having their ability to survive
C) fasts, due to having the ability of surviving
D) fasts because they are able to survive
E) fasts because of having the ability of surviving

OG 2017 New Question

I really think this question is very simple
We should look at it with meaning than with grammar.

So what is it saying?

It says Turtles can fast because of some unique feature

other options have an awkward meaning change
turtles endure long fast in their ability? A is eliminated
xyz having abc? B eliminated
due to having? redundant +awkward
D is fine
E same as C
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Re: Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2019, 01:03
daagh wrote:
In their ability, having the ability or having their ability are all inferior to "are able" as per the V-A-N rule. So, D

daagh

Can you please explain the V_A_N rule?
What if infer here is that the order of preference should be verb>Adjective/Adverb>Noun when forming a sentence. Noun form must be avoided if verb form is available as it will make sentence more concise.

Is my understanding correct?
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Re: Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2019, 06:49
Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability to survive on weekly or even monthly feedings; however, when food is readily available, they may eat frequently and grow very fat.

A) fasts, in their ability to survive

"in their ability to survive” ..., Rather using In we can use Because . He can lift weight in his ability to go gym everyday. Which is wrong. If we will use because
He can lift weight because he goes to gym everyday. ( So A is wrong)

B) fasts, having their ability to survive

Their is amigious. We don’t know its referring to the turtles or Reptiles. And having their ability (obviously they have their own ability(unnessary)) So B wrong

C) fasts, due to having the ability of surviving

Due to X, Y happened. Here Due to long fasts—> Surviving is not happening. Logically wrong. And obviously having ( Not preferable in GMAT) ( So C is Wrong)

D) fasts because they are able to survive —> Correct Answer. They correctly refer to Turtles

E) fasts because of having the ability of surviving—> Ability of ( Wrong Idiomatic use) : (So E is wrong)

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Re: Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2019, 13:29
daagh wrote:
In their ability, having the ability or having their ability are all inferior to "are able" as per the V-A-N rule. So, D


Hi! Can you explain the VAN rule and how does it apply in the example ?

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Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2019, 04:16
in answer C =Turtles, like other reptiles, ......because they are able ...

is "they" ambiguous ???
WE have 2 reference ..... is it possible pronoun such as "they" refer to preposition phrase (like other reptiles) ? or pronoun refer to only main sub ?
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Re: Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2020, 15:32
AbdurRakib wrote:
Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability to survive on weekly or even monthly feedings; however, when food is readily available, they may eat frequently and grow very fat.

(A) fasts, in their ability to survive
(B) fasts, having their ability to survive
(C) fasts, due to having the ability of surviving
(D) fasts because they are able to survive
(E) fasts because of having the ability of surviving

OG 2017 New Question


Manhattan's Explanation:

First glance

The opening difference in the answers has to do with whether fasts should or should not be followed by a comma. Pay attention to Sentence Structure and Modifiers when you read the original sentence.


Issues

(1) Meaning / Modifier

The modifier in their ability to survive does not logically connect to the first part of the sentence. Presumably, the turtles can endure long fasts because they don’t have to eat very often, but the in their ability phrasing does not convey cause and effect. Eliminate choice (A) and examine the others for this same issue.

Answer (B) uses a comma –ing modifier. In this structure, the part that is written later in the sentence is the result, not the cause. For example:

Baby turtles don’t yet have hard shells, making them especially vulnerable to predators.

They are especially vulnerable because they don’t have hard shells, not the other way around. Choice (B), on the other hand, is saying that the turtles’ ability to survive on infrequent feedings exists because they can endure long fasts—but that’s the wrong order of cause and effect. Eliminate (B) for faulty meaning.

(2) Idiom: ability of; because of having

Some choices use ability to and others use ability of. Are both acceptable?

The correct idiom is ability to do X, not ability of doing X. Eliminate choices (C) and (E).

Answer (E) also contains another idiom issue. It is possible to use the construction because of X, but the X has to be in the form of a noun or noun phrase. If the X portion is an action, though, it is preferable to change the form to be able to use a subject and verb, as answer (D) does: because they are able to survive. This choice is better than choice (E).


The Correct Answer

Correct answer (D) conveys a logical, cause-effect relationship via the word because. It also uses a clause (a subject-verb pair) to convey the relevant action: because they are able to survive.
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Re: Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2020, 05:27
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Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

AbdurRakib wrote:
Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability to survive on weekly or even monthly feedings; however, when food is readily available, they may eat frequently and grow very fat.

(A) fasts, in their ability to survive
(B) fasts, having their ability to survive
(C) fasts, due to having the ability of surviving
(D) fasts because they are able to survive
(E) fasts because of having the ability of surviving


Choice A: This answer choice suffers from an error of meaning. The purpose of this sentence is to convey the causal relationship between turtles' capacity to survive on infrequent feedings and their ability to survive long fasts; however, due to the use of the phrase "in their ability to survive", this answer choice fails to convey that relationship as this phrase implies that turtles can endure long fasts as part of their intrinsic ability to survive on infrequent feedings. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice B: This answer choice also fails to convey the intended meaning of the sentence, due to the use of the phrase "having their ability". Moreover, the construction of this phrase is needlessly wordy and makes the sentence come across as rather awkward. Thus, this answer is rather incorrect.

Choice C: This answer choice utilizes the unidiomatic construction "ability of", rather than the correct construction "ability to". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice D: This answer choice maintains proper idiom use throughout the sentence and correctly brings out the causal nature of the turtles' two abilities, through the use of the phrase "because they are". Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice E: This answer choice makes the same idiom-related error found in Option C. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, D is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Because v/s In that on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~2 minutes):



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Re: Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability   [#permalink] 21 Jan 2020, 05:27

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