GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 17 Feb 2019, 18:15

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Free GMAT Algebra Webinar

February 17, 2019

February 17, 2019

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Attend this Free Algebra Webinar and learn how to master Inequalities and Absolute Value problems on GMAT.
• ### Valentine's day SALE is on! 25% off.

February 18, 2019

February 18, 2019

10:00 PM PST

11:00 PM PST

We don’t care what your relationship status this year - we love you just the way you are. AND we want you to crush the GMAT!

# Two bookworms, Alpha and Beta, start eating at opposite ends of a 42

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 23 Nov 2010
Posts: 3
Two bookworms, Alpha and Beta, start eating at opposite ends of a 42  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2010, 20:11
1
4
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (02:14) correct 48% (02:25) wrong based on 64 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Two bookworms, Alpha and Beta, start eating at opposite ends of a 42-volume encyclopedia set (numbered 1 to 42), each working directly towards the other. Alpha starts in vol 1 and Beta starts in vol 42. If each volume is the same thickness, where in the set will they be when they meet?

(1) Alpha takes 3 x days to eat through a vol and Beta takes 5 x days, where x > 0.
(2) Alpha eats two volumes more than Beta every 4 days.
Kaplan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 21 Jun 2010
Posts: 146
Location: Toronto
Re: Two bookworms, Alpha and Beta, start eating at opposite ends of a 42  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2010, 20:40
2
3
mastvita wrote:

Q. Two bookworms, Alpha and Beta, start eating at opposite ends of a 42-volume encyclopedia set (numbered 1 to 42), each working directly towards the other. Alpha starts in vol 1 and Beta starts in vol 42. If each volume is the same thickness, where in the set will they be when they meet?
(1) Alpha takes 3 x days to eat through a vol and Beta takes 5 x days, where x > 0.
(2) Alpha eats two volumes more than Beta every 4 days.

Hi!

This is a classic ratio question. Here's the big rule to remember:

if you multiple or divide the parts, you can solve the ratio; if you add or subtract, you can't.

We know the distance travelled before they worms meet (42), so we need either their individual speeds or their relative speeds.

(1) we know their relative rates (a:b = 3x:5x = 3:5), so we can figure out how much each will eat before they meet: sufficient.

(2) with addition or subtraction, you can't figure out the ratio. We can set up:

a:b = 4x+2:4x

but without knowing the value of x, there's no way to figure out where they'll meet.

For example, if worm a eats 2 volumes per day, then in 4 days worm a eats 8 volumes and worm b eats 6 volumes - our ratio is 8:6 = 4:3.

However, if worm a eats 1 volume per day, then in 4 days worm a eats 4 volumes and worm b eats 2 volumes - our ratio is 4:2 = 2:1.

Since we can get different ratios, (2) is insufficient.

(1) is sufficient, (2) isn't: choose (A).
##### General Discussion
Intern
Joined: 23 Nov 2010
Posts: 3
Re: Two bookworms, Alpha and Beta, start eating at opposite ends of a 42  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Dec 2010, 00:43
Manager
Joined: 17 Jun 2018
Posts: 51
Location: India
Schools: IMD '20
GPA: 2.84
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Re: Two bookworms, Alpha and Beta, start eating at opposite ends of a 42  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Jan 2019, 07:52
chetan2u can you explain how 1st statement alone is sufficient?
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7334
Re: Two bookworms, Alpha and Beta, start eating at opposite ends of a 42  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Jan 2019, 08:10
1
1
mastvita wrote:
Two bookworms, Alpha and Beta, start eating at opposite ends of a 42-volume encyclopedia set (numbered 1 to 42), each working directly towards the other. Alpha starts in vol 1 and Beta starts in vol 42. If each volume is the same thickness, where in the set will they be when they meet?

(1) Alpha takes 3 x days to eat through a vol and Beta takes 5 x days, where x > 0.
(2) Alpha eats two volumes more than Beta every 4 days.

A and B start from two corner towards each other and there are 42 volumes..
(1) Alpha takes 3 x days to eat through a vol and Beta takes 5 x days, where x > 0.
Most important point is that when they meet both have spent equal time
Let A finishes y volume, so B finishes 42-y volume..
Time taken by A = 3x*y=3xy, while time taken by B = 5x*(42-y)..
Thus 3xy=5x(42-y)......3y=210-5y...8y=210...y = 26.25
So B does 42-y=42-26.25
You could also do straight calculations.. work done will be proportionate to their speed..
so speed 3x:5x will mean the work done will be 5:3...
Thus, work done by A = $$42*\frac{5}{8}=\frac{210}{8}=26.25$$
Hence sufficient

Hope it helps
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html
4) Base while finding % increase and % decrease : https://gmatclub.com/forum/percentage-increase-decrease-what-should-be-the-denominator-287528.html

GMAT Expert

Re: Two bookworms, Alpha and Beta, start eating at opposite ends of a 42   [#permalink] 27 Jan 2019, 08:10
Display posts from previous: Sort by