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Union member: Some members of our labor union are calling for an

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Union member: Some members of our labor union are calling for an  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2019, 14:37
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

78% (01:18) correct 22% (01:27) wrong based on 50 sessions

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Union member: Some members of our labor union are calling for an immediate strike. But a strike would cut into our strike fund and would in addition lead to a steep fine, causing us to suffer a major financial loss. Therefore, we must not strike now.

The union member’s argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that it

(A) fails to consider that a strike might cause the union to suffer a financial loss even if no fine were imposed

(B) fails to define adequately what constitutes a major financial loss

(C) fails to consider that the benefits to be gained from a strike might outweigh the costs

(D) takes for granted that the most important factor in the labor union’s bargaining position is the union’s financial strength

(E) fails to establish that there will be a better opportunity to strike at a later time
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Re: Union member: Some members of our labor union are calling for an  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2019, 11:29
To summarize, the union members are calling to strike, but a member disagrees on the grounds that the strike and fines would be too expensive.

Option (C) points out that his argument is vulnerable on the grounds that the union workers might gain more from the strike (wages, benefits, etc) than it would cost them. This is the correct answer, because it points out a major benefit that the member's cost/benefit analysis failed to consider, hurting their argument.

Option (A) points out that the strike might cost union workers even if fines aren't imposed. This is not a criticism of the union members point--it actually supports their argument, as it would mean they shouldn't strike. In addition, this point is already considered in the stimulus--the member mentions they have a strike fund, which would likely keep the strike from costing the union members.

This mistake is pretty common, actually--you picked the answer that supported rather than hurt their argument. In the future, I would recommend pre-phrasing in order to help you remember what you're looking for in the answer choices.

I hope that is helpful! :-D

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Re: Union member: Some members of our labor union are calling for an   [#permalink] 27 Nov 2019, 11:29
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